Accessibility statement

Ian Hardwick

Research project

‘Pushing the frontiers of Roman identity: An examination of the northern frontier system of Britannia and the interaction of identity with the landscape’


Steve Roskams and Kevin Walsh


White Rose College of the Arts and Humanities (WRoCAH) - AHRC Competition studentship

Summary of research project

How did the existing landscape (natural and cultural) affect the establishment, operation, nature and function of the Roman frontier in the north of Britannia, and what was the on-going relationship between people and the border landscape into the Roman period in this region? Did this relationship vary across the wider frontier region of northern England / southern Scotland? This research aims to conduct a broad landscape study along two transects across the Roman northern frontier in Britain, assessing existing archaeological data-sets and utilising aerial and ground-based remote sensing techniques to create new data.

The aim is to examine broader patterns of later Iron Age / Romano-British indigenous settlement alongside the more well-studied Roman military sites and infrastructure and place them in their wider landscapes for the region. It will also investigate the dynamic interaction between the various landscapes in the region and the identities (of both military and civilian inhabitants) at play in a frontier environment, before examining how this relationship and the character of the landscapes subsequently changed and developed over time.

By studying the frontier in-depth, taking in not only the line of Hadrian’s Wall and its immediate hinterland but also the outpost forts and settlements to the north and the landscapes supporting the wall further south as far as York, the broader trajectories at play in northern Britannia will be examined. The research also hopes to assist with management and conservation of archaeological remains in the north of England via its assessment of the survival of archaeological features, and also the methodologies used to investigate and record them.

The aerial survey element of the project will be undertaken with the help of Historic England and the mapping produced will be incorporated into the wider work of HE’s National Mapping Programme, supporting broader understanding of the landscape archaeology of the region.


Ian has an MA in Landscape Archaeology (2012) and a BA (Hons) in Archaeology (2011) from the University of York. His undergraduate dissertation looked at archaeological evidence for military and civilian identity in the Roman legionary fortress of York, while his Masters thesis developed this to look at the relationship between Roman identity and the wider landscape for the wider frontier region of northern Britannia via evidence for environment, dietary consumption and practice.

An accredited member of the CIfA with an NVQ in Archaeological Practice, Ian is a trained specialist in aerial survey, analytical earthwork survey and geophysics, and has worked in both the commercial sector and for English Heritage / Historic England in these fields. He most recently project-managed two largescale aerial mapping projects in the north-west of England for the National Mapping Programme.

Ian has also undertaken outreach with various community groups and the general public, working with the Institute for the Public Understanding of the Past to create a walking trail on Roman York for York Museums Trust, volunteering with the National Trust in Suffolk, and providing skills training to volunteers in Wiltshire and Yorkshire in both geophysical and aerial survey.

Along with his academic research on the north of Roman Britain, Ian has worked on various research projects in Wiltshire and the Vale of York looking at Iron Age and Roman rural settlement. His wider research interests include landscape archaeology, past environments, non-intrusive archaeological survey techniques, later prehistoric through to early medieval landscapes, military archaeology, border and frontier studies and archaeological identities.

Publications, Papers and Academic Awards


Goodchild, J. and Hardwick, I.J. (2019) ‘Lancashire: The Lower Lune, Lower Wyre and Lower Ribble Environs - Aerial Investigation and Mapping Project’, Historic England Research Report Series 14/2019. Portsmouth: Historic England.

Hardwick, I.J. (2020) People and Landscape on the Periphery between Two Worlds. Poster entered into ‘HRC 2020 PhD Poster Competition’. 29 April 2020. York.


Hardwick, I.J. (2019) Collaboration and Conquest: Landscapes and Identity on the Roman Northern Frontier – Postgraduate Research and Historic England Archive Material. Poster presented at ‘CIfA 2019 Archaeology Conference – Values, Benefits and Legacies’. 24-26 April 2019. Leeds.

Hardwick, I.J. (2019) Pushing the Boundaries of Roman Britain: Landscape, Frontier and Identity in Northern Britannia – A PhD Story. Research Forum presented to the Department of Archaeology, University of York. 15 February 2019. York.

Hardwick, I.J. (2018) Outposts of Empire, from the Air: Landscape and Identity beyond Hadrian’s Wall. Poster presented at IALA 5th ‘Landscape Archaeology Conference’. 17-20 September 2018. Newcastle & Durham.

Hardwick, I.J. (forthcoming) ‘Prehistoric and Roman settlement in the Lune Valley, Cumbria: Results of aerial and field survey’, Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Archaeological & Antiquarian Society, 3rd Series.

Hardwick, I.J. (2017) Cheshire National Mapping Programme and Lidar Project: Sampling the Peak Fringe, Cheshire Plain and Mersey Valley. Swindon: Historic England.

Hardwick, I.J. (2016) ‘A note on Cheshire NMP: Sampling the Peak Fringe, Cheshire Plain and Mersey Valley’, Chester Archaeological Society Journal, 86, 131-133.

Hardwick, I.J. (2014) ‘NAIS: Upland Pilot, Burton-in-Kendal and Dalton, Cumbria and Lancashire: An Archaeological Landscape Investigation’, English Heritage Research Report Series 10/2014. Portsmouth: English Heritage.

Linford, P.K., Payne, A.W., Linford, N.T., Edwards, Z. and Hardwick, I.J. (2014) ‘Ham Hill, Stoke Sub Hamdon, Somerset: Report on Geophysical Surveys, November 2013’, English Heritage Research Report Series 67/2014. Portsmouth: English Heritage.

Hardwick, I.J. and Payne, A.W. (2014) ‘Horton Enclosure, Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire: Report on Geophysical Survey, October 2013’, English Heritage Research Report Series 5/2014. Portsmouth: English Heritage.

Linford, N.T., Linford, P.K, Hardwick, I.J. and Payne, A.W. (2013) ‘Stonesfield Roman Villa, Oxfordshire: Report on Geophysical Surveys, September 2013’, English Heritage Research Report Series 59/2013. Portsmouth: English Heritage.

Linford, N.T., Linford, P.K, Hardwick, I.J. and Payne, A.W. (2013) ‘Lakes and Dales NAIS, Kitridding Hill, Lupton, Cumbria: Report on Geophysical Survey, July 2013’, English Heritage Research Report Series 56/2013. Portsmouth: English Heritage.

‘Endurance and Change: Exploring the Effects of Boundaries, Borders and Frontiers in Northern Britain’ – Academic Two-Day Conference: conference co-organised with Kirstin Barnard, Caitlin Kitchener, Aubrey Steingraber (University of York) and Samuel Bromage (University of Sheffield). October 2020 [pending]. York
‘Roman Military Landscapes’ – Conference Session [49G], IALA 5th ‘Landscape Archaeology Conference’: session co-organised with Al Oswald (University of York) and Chris Jones (Northumberland National Park). 17-20 September 2018. Newcastle & Durham.

Teaching and Impact

‘Themes in Historical Archaeology: Roman’ – 2nd Year Undergraduate Level, Seminar-Leading and Formative Essay Marking. Role: Tutor (GTA), also involved in Course and Session Design. Academic Years Taught: 2018/19, 2019/20.
‘Archaeological Excavation: Field School’ – 1st Year Undergraduate Level, Demonstrating / Teaching in Excavation and Recording, and Marking. Role: Excavation Supervisor (GTA). Academic Years Taught: 2017/18, 2018/19.
‘Field Archaeology: Landscape Survey Techniques’ – 1st Year Undergraduate Level, Demonstrating / Teaching in Survey Techniques and Applications. Role: Demonstrator (GTA). Academic Years Taught: 2018/19, 2019/20.
‘Accessing Archaeology’ – 1st Year Undergraduate Level, Demonstrating / Teaching on Field Trip. Role: Demonstrator (GTA). Academic Years Taught: 2018/19.

Contact details

Ian Hardwick
University of York
Department of Archaeology
King's Manor
Exhibition Square