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LLM Art Law

Gain specialist legal knowledge of the art trade

2018/19 entry

Length

1 year full-time

Start date

September 2018 (term dates)

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The global trade in art is now estimated at over $45 billion (TEFAF Art Market Report 2017). In this growing and evolving market, the need for experts to negotiate, defend, analyse and understand the art world is ever more apparent.

Art law is an exciting and fast-developing area, tackling issues surrounding the legal treatment of fine art and cultural heritage. Our LLM in Art Law is a unique collaborative and interdisciplinary course, co-taught by academic specialists from York Law School and the Department of History of Art.

You'll gain a deep understanding of the complex legal, artistic, social and ethical issues in the art world, and learn essential skills of analysis and negotiation.

A wide range of networking opportunities and masterclasses - in addition to a compulsory field trip - means you'll gain practical, in-depth knowledge of the field, invaluable for careers in the trade or further academic study.

Standing out from the crowd

Gain a unique, interdisciplinary perspective with the only art law course in the country taught across Law and History of Art.

Hands-on experience

Some of your modules will include problem-based learning; a modern, dynamic learning method. You'll also complete a compulsory field trip, allowing you to experience some of the realities of working in the industry.

Leading research

The Department of History of Art and York Law School were ranked 3rd and 5th respectively in the latest assessment of UK research (REF 2014).

Course content

The LLM in Art Law will provide you with a comprehensive appreciation of the complexities of art law, whether or not you have an existing legal or art history background.

The course consists of:

  • Two introductory modules (10 credits each)
  • Three core taught modules (20 credits each)
  • One taught option module (20 credits)
  • Dissertation (80 credits)

There is also a compulsory field trip as part of the course, which will demonstrate some of the realities of working in the industry.

Modules

Core modules

Research Skills and Methods (10 credits) will cement your knowledge of a variety of research methodologies and key research skills. At the end of the module, you'll prepare a proposal for your dissertation.

Legal Systems: Sources & Operation (10 credits) will introduce the study of art law in its international context, by considering methods for undertaking comparative legal studies. It will provide you with an introduction to the workings of common law compared to codified civil law.

Art: A Problematic Life Cycle (20 credits) considers the key pressure points at which legal problems may arise during the 'life cycle' of art - from creation to sale, deaccession or destruction.

Art: Commodity or Valuable (20 credits) focuses on the inherent tension between art as a financial asset or commodity to be bought and sold, and art as a cultural good.

Law and Art: Parallel Perspectives (20 credits) is explicitly co-taught by academics from both the History of Art department and York Law School, with joint sessions considering issues such as the definition of ‘art’, artistic processes and originality.

Option modules

You'll choose one module from the Department of History of Art. This module will allow you to consider your chosen topic from both a legal and art historical point of view, as well as build up your specific-subject knowledge.

Examples of provisional modules for 2018 include:

Please note, modules may change to reflect the latest academic thinking and expertise of our staff.

Dissertation

You'll write a 15,000 word dissertation on an art law topic of your choice, under the supervision of a member of staff from either York Law School or the Department of History of Art. You'll prepare your dissertation proposal during the 'Research Skills and Methods' module.

There is wide flexibility in choosing your topic and you're encouraged to make the most of the interdisciplinary nature of the course.

The York approach

Every course at York is built on a distinctive set of learning outcomes. These will give you a clear understanding of what you will be able to accomplish at the end of the course and help you explain what you can offer employers. Our academics identify the knowledge, skills, and experiences you'll need upon graduation and then design the course to get you there. Find out more about our approach to teaching and learning.

Students who complete this course will be able to:

  • Evidence a systematic understanding at an advanced level of the interaction of institutions, participants, regulations, and market practices operating in the art world at a national, Anglo-American, European and international level, and their impact on the development of aspects of art law and policies. 
  • Demonstrate a sophisticated facility in understanding, contextualising, synthesising and applying legal, art historical and art law sources, evidence and research to a wide range of complex and integrated situations.
  • Exhibit a high-level ability to acquire knowledge and skills in separate disciplines of law and art history; coupled also with the ability to synthesise both disciplines and demonstrate significant capacity in evaluating critically the dynamic interaction between law and art history, when applied to legal, commercial, artistic and ethical art law problems.
  • Demonstrate assured application and adaptation of problem-solving skills involving analysis and evaluation of facts, parties’ interests and objectives, and identification of legal, ethical, commercial and practical issues and risks, and an advanced ability to work independently and collaboratively to develop effective and creative solutions to unfamiliar and complex problems.
  • Evince a highly developed ability to reflect and be constructively critical of own personal development and achievement both when working individually and collaboratively. Recognise and implement the personal responsibilities inherent in the process of self-directed learning at an appropriate level for postgraduate study and continuing professional development.
  • Demonstrate confident and effective communication at an advanced level, both verbally and in writing, suitable for a variety of audiences; present well-reasoned, nuanced arguments, opinions and advice, supported by critically evaluated evidence and abiding by recognised norms of academic and professional integrity.
  • Undertake efficient and effective independent and collaborative reserach strategies to identify, retrieve and evaluate appropriate legal and art historical sources, methodologies, rules, principles andtheories relevant to diverse, complex and integrated legal, art historical, practical or theoretical problems.
  • Demonstrate enhanced skills of independent learning, including an ability to plan, time-manage, implement and complete a substantial independent research project in art law, utilising the skills and knowledge developed on the programme drawn from legal and art historical studies and critically applied to a chosen research question.

Fees and funding

Annual tuition fees for 2018/19

Study modeUK/EUInternational
Full-time (1 year)£9,850£18,460

Fees information

UK/EU or international fees? The level of fee that you will be asked to pay depends on whether you're classed as a UK/EU or international student.

Funding information

Discover your funding options to help with tuition fees and living costs.

If you've successfully completed an undergraduate degree at York you could be eligible for a 10% Masters fee discount.

Home/EU students

International students

Living costs

You can use our living costs guide to help plan your budget. It covers accommodation costs and estimated social costs.

Teaching and assessment

You’ll work with world‐leading academics who’ll challenge you to think independently and excel in all that you do. Our approach to teaching will provide you with the knowledge, opportunities, and support you need to grow and succeed in a global workplace. Find out more about our approach to teaching and learning.

Teaching format

The LLM in Art Law uses a number of teaching methods, including problem-based learning (PBL). PBL provides you with the opportunity to work both individually and collaboratively (in a student law firm) on a variety of real-life simulations.

These simulations will enable you to experience the multi-faceted nature of art law disputes. The process of working through each case will help you to develop a broad range of legal and research skills, including:

  • reasoning and judgement
  • document and case analysis
  • problem solving
  • negotiation and mediation
  • advocacy

Additionally, you will have opportunities to develop your presentation and oral skills in debates and reading group sessions.

Teaching location

York Law School is located on Campus East. Nearly all of your teaching will take place within the Law and Management building or nearby on Campus East.

About our campus

Our beautiful green campus offers a student-friendly setting in which to live and study, within easy reach of the action in the city centre. It's easy to get around campus - everything is within walking or pedalling distance, or you can always use the fast and frequent bus service.

Assessment and feedback

Different modules use different types of assessment to provide variety and develop different transferable skills. These include presentations, posters, participation in seminars, client advice, coursework and your dissertation.

Careers and skills

Graduates from York Law School are widely in demand in the legal sector. Since 2009, an average of 94.2% of our graduates have secured employment or further study six months after leaving York.

You'll get active support in careers and development planning, both through structured sessions and workshops, and individual advice from our Employability Tutor.

We encourage you to get involved with our Careers and Development Programme. The bespoke programme includes several employers, providing an insight into the legal profession and the relevant recruitment processes. There is also help available for those of you who are thinking about non-legal employers or academic routes following your LLM.

Career opportunities

Although most graduates from York Law School choose to enter legal fields, others have gone on to gain employment in sectors such as:

  • finance
  • health and social work
  • public administration
  • retail

Graduates from the Department of History of Art benefit from excellent relationships with numerous museums and galleries and work in a wide-range of careers including:

  • museums, galleries and auction houses
  • cultural management
  • heritage and conservation
  • journalism and media
  • teaching
  • education
  • art administration

Finally, the research skills you'll develop are an excellent foundation for further research. Many of our successful LLM graduates have gone on to pursue PhD studies, both at York and elsewhere.

 

Transferable skills

Studying with York Law School means you will not only gain the necessary skills to become a legal professional but will also develop other transferable skills which are highly valued in any profession. These include:

  • research skills
  • communication and presentation skills
  • analytical and problem solving skills
  • project management
  • reasoning and judgement
  • document and case analysis
  • negotiation and mediation
  • advocacy

Entry requirements

Qualification Grade
Degree

Minimum 2:1 degree (or equivalent) in Law, History of Art, or another subject.

English language

If English isn't your first language you may need to provide evidence of your English language ability. 

  • IELTS: 7:0, with a minimum of 7.0 in Writing and no less than 6.5 in all other components
  • PTE: 67, with a minimum of 67 in Writing and no less than 61 in all other components
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 185, with a minimum of 185 in Writing and no less than 176 in all other components
  • CAE (before January 2015): 75, with 'Very Good' in Writing
  • CPE (before January 2015): B
  • TOEFL: 96 with a minimum of 24 in Writing and no less than 23 in all other components
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Distinction in all components

Applying

You can apply and send all your documentation electronically through our online system. You don’t need to complete your application all at once: you can start it, save it and finish it later.

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Department of History of Art, York Law School

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