In this module, you will develop your skills in acoustic phonetics and phonological analysis.
|Semester 2 2023-24
This module develops your skills in the phonetic and phonological analysis of language. It builds on the first-year Phonetics and Phonology module, and assumes some knowledge of articulatory phonetics, phonetic transcription and basic phonological concepts such as phonemes/allophones and syllables. The focus of this module is on two main areas: acoustic phonetics and advanced phonological analysis. We cover a range of topics within segmental (pertaining to individual speech segments) and suprasegmental (pertaining to units of speech larger than a segment) phonetics and phonology.
The module has a strong practical orientation: you will learn how to perform acoustic analyses of speech data, how to apply different theoretical approaches to phonological data and how to engage with original research articles in a critical way. You will also be introduced to a popular phonetic software package called Praat.
By the end of the module you will have an understanding of:
Acoustic representations such as waveforms and spectrograms
How various articulatory properties map onto the acoustic speech signal
Advanced concepts in phonology (e.g. phonological features, rule ordering, autosegments, phonological feet), and how these are open to theoretical debate
The range of phonological patterns these concepts are supposed to explain
By the end of the module you will also be able to:
Produce pictures of waveforms and spectrograms to insert in documents
Identify and label major acoustic landmarks such as formants, bursts and transitions
Identify examples of phonological patterns (from transcription or audio)
Use phonological concepts (such as syllables or rules) in an analysis
Present a phonological analysis according to the norms of the discipline
Engage with original research articles in phonetics and phonology
The module also develops a number of transferable skills, such as applying technical knowledge to data, learning to use new software and forming/presenting coherent arguments based on empirical facts.
Throughout the module, you will attend one lecture per week and one lab practical per week. Practical work in labs consists of exercises that review and develop lecture content. In your private study time, you should read the assigned readings, prepare assigned practical exercises in advance if requested, finish any tasks that you do not manage to complete in class during practicals, complete formative assignments and work on summative assignments.
Weeks 1-7: Segmental phonetics & phonology
In the first block, we focus on the phonetics and phonology of segments. The first three weeks introduce you to basic concepts in acoustic phonetics and the acoustic description of vowels and consonants. This complements the work you did in the first year on articulatory phonetics. In the remaining weeks we focus on a classic phonological approach, rule-based phonology.
Weeks 8-11: Suprasegmental phonetics & phonology
In the second block, we focus on acoustic phonetics and phonology beyond the level of the segment. This includes relationships between segments, syllables, stress, tones and intonation.
|% of module mark
Data-driven exercise & reading task 1 500 words
Data-driven exercise & reading task 2 1000 words
|% of module mark
Phonetics and phonology data exercises & reading task 1000 words
Formative feedback will be a combination of automatic feedback via the VLE and group-level feedback shared on the VLE. Model answers will also be made available via the VLE.
For summative assessments you will receive individual written feedback within the university mandated time limit.
Hayward, Katrina. (2000). Experimental phonetics. Longman.
Ladefoged, Peter. (2003). Phonetic Data Analysis. Wiley-Blackwell.
Nathan, G. (2008). Phonology: a cognitive grammar introduction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Davenport, M. & Hannahs, S. J. (2011). Introducing phonetics and phonology. London: Hodder.