- Department: Centre for Medieval Studies
- Module co-ordinator: Prof. Craig Taylor
- Credit value: 20 credits
- Credit level: M
- Academic year of delivery: 2021-22
- See module specification for other years: 2020-21
Throughout the Middle Ages, writers from St Augustine to Christine de Pizan recounted the lives of others and themselves in diverse ways. By the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, there were longstanding traditions of life-writing about religious people and saints, philosophers and princes, not just in the form of chronological narratives, but also in other genres and forms such as debates, dialogues, visions and letters. This module will explore the ways in which late medieval French and English writers built upon these traditions to tell the stories of contemporary figures, from religious men and women to kings and aristocrats. These case-studies will open up windows into the diverse experiences of people across late medieval society, and also reveal important developments in writing and thinking about the past: many late medieval writers espoused standards of evidence that seem distinctly modern, drawing on reliable written sources, interviewing eyewitnesses, and cross-checking their facts wherever possible; others freely embellished and invented not only events and dialogue but the sources to support them. The module will also consider the ways in which writers and narrators inserted their own voices into their stories, together with wider developments in autobiographical writing, memoirs and eyewitness accounts by laymen that offer less mediated access to the ideas, values and emotions of different groups within society.
|A||Spring Term 2021-22|
The module aims to:
After completing this module students should:
a) Be familiar with medieval traditions of life-writing, and in particular the genres of autobiography, memoirs, biographies and letters.
b) Be familiar with late medieval historiographical developments and changing views of the past.
c) Be familiar with a range of case-studies of late medieval men and women, including not just the events of their lives but also the wider insight that this sheds upon the ideas and mentalities of the period.
Students will attend eight weekly two-hour seminars in weeks 2-9. The provisional outline for the module is as follows:
1. Medieval Traditions of Life-Writing
2. Royal Panegyrics (i): Saint Louis, king of France (d. 1270)
3. Royal Panegyrics (ii): Henry V (d. 1422) and Henry VI (d. 1471)
4. Religious Lives: Margery Kempe (d. c. 1438)
5. Chivalric Biography: the Black Prince (d. 1376) and Marshal Boucicaut (d. 1421)
6. Narrators & Writers: Jean Froissart (d. c. 1405) and Christine de Pizan (d. 1429)
7. Military memoirs: Jean de Bueil’s Le Jouvencel (c. 1465)
8. Trial Records: Joan of Arc (d. 1431)
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Following their draft essay task, students will receive oral feedback consisting of comments and a discussion with their tutor. All students are encouraged, if they wish, to discuss the feedback on their procedural work during their tutor’s student hours.
For the summative assessment task, students will receive their provisional mark and written feedback within 20 working days of the submission deadline. The tutor will then be available during student hours for follow-up guidance if required.
For term time reading, please refer to the module VLE site. Before the course starts, we encourage you to look at the following items of preliminary reading:
Winstead, Karen A. The Oxford History of Life-Writing Volume I: The Middle Ages. Oxford, 2018.
Delogu, Daisy. Theorizing the ideal sovereign: the rise of the French vernacular royal biography. Toronto, 2008.
Understanding medieval primary sources. Using historical sources to discover medieval Europe. Ed. Joel T.
Rosenthal. Abingdon, 2012.