This course will examine some of the surviving iconographic schemes in the Minster, looking not just at the stained glass, but also at the remaining medieval sculpture and monumental paintings so as to give as comprehensive a view as possible of the imagery in the Minster.
|A||Autumn Term 2021-22|
York Minster is the largest Gothic cathedral in northern Europe. It preserves the most extensive collection of medieval stained glass in Britain, dating from the late twelfth to the early sixteenth century. Its architectural sculpture is of great variety and importance. In its thirteenth-century chapter house it boasts one of Europe’s most remarkable feats of structural engineering, designed to showcase a decorative display of exceptional richness manifest in several media. By the end of the Middle Ages its choir housed the largest late-medieval shrine base in England, while an earlier cult site remained a focus for pilgrim interest. Much of this medieval imagery has survived and further light is shed by the antiquarian record, which is exceptionally rich.
This course will examine some of the surviving iconographic schemes in the Minster, looking not just at the stained glass, but also at the remaining medieval sculpture and monumental paintings so as to give as comprehensive a view as possible of the imagery in the Minster. We will start with the earliest standing part of the building, viz the transepts and chapter house. While following a broad chronological outline, so as to situate the works of art within the architectural development of the building, we shall focus on material which exemplifies the great variety of imagery, both theological and religious, and secular and humorous, within the Minster; and we shall be able to draw on literature which ranges from early antiquarian sources up to a number of very recent studies.
The art and imagery of the Minster will also be considered in relation to other contemporary schemes both at home and abroad. Seminars will be conducted both in the building and in the class-room and we will take full advantage of current conservation projects in order to gain privileged access to some of the Minster’s most extraordinary treasures.
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Feedback on summative assessment within 20 working days.
N. Dawton, The York Chapter House: notes on the trumeau Virgin and the iconographic significance of the building, in H. Weston and D. Davies, eds., Essays in Honour of John White (1990), 48-54.
J. Aberth, The sculpted heads and figures inside the Chapter House of York Minster, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, CXLII (1989), 37-45.
H. McLaughlin, Monstrous beauties and lovely deformities: the marginal sculptures of the York Minster Chapter House, York Historian XV (1998), 2-15.
D.E. OConnor and J. Haselock, The stained and painted glass, in G.E. Aylmer and R. Cant, eds., A History of York Minster (1977), 334-41.
C. Norton, The medieval paintings in the Chapter House, Friends of York Minster Annual Report, 1996, 34-51.
F. Harrison, The Painted Glass of York (1927), 22-30, 38-46, 198-203.
D.OConnor & J. Haselock, The stained and painted glass in G.E. Aylmer & R. Cant (eds.), A History of York Minster (1977), 341-364.
S. Brown, Stained Glass at York Minster (1999), 33-55.
C Winston & W.S. Walford, On an Heraldic Window in the North Aisle of York Minster, Arch.Jnl., XVII (1860), 22-34, reprinted in C. Winston, Memoirs Illustrative of the Art of Glass-Painting (1865), 265-284.
P. Hardwick, The Monkey s funeral in the Pilgrimage Window, York Minster, Art History, 23.2 (2000), 290-99.
J.A. Knowles & J.T. Hareman, The Penancers Window in the Nave of York Minster, Jnl.British Soc. Master Glass-Painters, V (1934), 177-184 (Minster Library).
E.C. Norton, Klosterneuburg and York: artistic cross-currents at an English cathedral, c. 1330, Wiener Jahrbuch f ¼r Kunstgeschichte, XLVI/XLVII (1993-4), 519-32.
T.W. French and D.E. O Connor, York Minster. A Catalogue of Medieval Stained Glass. The West Windows of the Nave (1987), esp. 3-4, 15-18.
D.E. OConnor and J. Haselock, The stained and painted glass, in G.E. Aylmer and R. Cant, eds., A History of York Minster (1977), 319-25, 341-46, 358-64 (on the clerestory glazing).
S. Brown, Stained Glass at York Minster (1999), 44-54.
F. Harrison, The Painted Glass of York (1927), 30-38 (ditto).
Y.E. Weir, A Guide to the Heraldry in York Minster (1986), 22-8 (on the nave arcade and clerestory shields).
S. Oosterwijk and C. Norton, Figure sculpture from the twelfth-century Minster, FYMAR, 1990, 11-30 (on re-used sculpture on the upper parts of the exterior).
C. Norton St William of York (2006) covers the life and the development of the cult up to 1226.
D. Knowles, The case of St William of York, Cambridge Historical Journal, 5.2 (1936), 162-77,
212-14, reprinted in D. Knowles, The Historian and Character (1963), 76-97
C. Wilson, The Shrines of St William of York (1977), 1-17 is essential, but in need of revision
J.J.G. Alexander and P. Binski, eds., Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagenet England, 1200-1400 (1987), nos. 513-6.
D.E. O Connor & J. Haselock, The stained and painted glass, in G.E. Aylmer and R. Cant, A
History of York Minster (1977), 340, (see also prints in the photographic collection of C/H n III), and 350-54
G.F. Wilmot, A discovery at York, Museums Journal, 52.2 (May 1957) 35-6
S. French, York Minster. The Great East Window (1995).
J. Rickers, Glazier and Illuminator: The Apocalypse Cycle in the East Window of York Minster and its Sources, Jnl. of Stained Glass, XIX No. 3 (1994-95). 269-75
C. Norton, Sacred Space and Sacred History, the glazing of the eastern arm of York Minster in R. Becksmann, ed Glasmalerei im Kontext- Bildprogramme und Raum Funktionen (2005) 167-81
C. Norton, Richard Scrope and York Minster, in P.J.P Goldberg, ed Richard Scrope- Archbishop, Rebel, Martyr (2007) 138-213 and 138-56.
T.W. French, The dating of the Lady Chapel in York Minster, Antiquaries Jnl., LII (1972), 309-319.
T.W. French, The dating of York Minster choir, YAJ, LXV (1992), 123-133.
C. Norton, Richard II and York Minster, in S. Rees Jones (ed.), The Government of Medieval York (1997), 56-87.
D.OConnor & J. Haselock, The stained and painted glass in G.E. Aylmer & R. Cant (eds.), A History of York Minster (1977), 364-378.
F. Harrison, The West Choir Clerestory Windows in York Minster, YAJ, XXVI (1922), 351- 73.
S. Brown, Stained Glass at York Minster (1999), 57-81.
F. Drake, Eboracum: or the History and Antiquities of the City of York (1736, reprinted 1978), Book II, pp.410ff, esp. plan opp. p.491 and pp.494-514; see also for chantries on pp.529-30. There is a copy in the KM.