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LLM Law (Juris Doctor)

Open the door to an international career in law

Year of entry: 2021 (September)


3 years full-time


York Law School

Start date

September 2021 (term dates)

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Learn from experienced legal professionals and world-class academics as you immerse yourself in realistic simulations of legal practice.

Intellectually challenging and skills-focused, this course will ensure you are ready to embrace the challenges of an international career in law. You'll be challenged to identify client interests, analyse legal issues, research relevant law and procedure and develop solutions.

We teach in small groups using our groundbreaking Problem Based Learning methodology to develop your personal, professional and legal skills.

You'll graduate with a unique combination of insight into how professional legal practice works. These legal and interpersonal skills and values will enable you to perform at the highest levels and in firms of all types. The JD (Juris Doctor) is recognised across the globe as an entry-level qualification into legal practice. Subject to any local requirements, completing this course could be a stepping stone to sitting Bar exams in jurisdictions as diverse as the USA, Australia and Hong Kong.


This degree is a Qualifying Law Degree (QLD)*, accredited by the Bar Standards Board and Solicitors Regulation Authority.

*The Solicitors Regulation Authority is making changes to the system of qualification in England and Wales. These may affect the status of 'Qualifying Law Degrees' for all Law Schools.

Research excellence

The Department was equal 5th in the Times Higher Education's rankings of the 2014 Research Excellence Framework assessment results, and had the highest overall proportion of research designated as internationally excellent or world-leading

Expert input

Law firms, governmental and nongovernmental organisations are involved in the design and delivery of all our courses

Problem-based learning

A key feature of some modules is problem-based learning - a modern, dynamic learning method that ensures you experience and understand law in its practical, social and theoretical contexts

Course content

In the first two years of the programme, you will work collaboratively with around 12 other students on a series of real-life legal problems. These will develop your knowledge of the core legal subjects:

  • Criminal Law
  • European Law
  • Obligations (Contract, Tort and Restitution)
  • Property Law (Land Law and Equity)
  • Public Law (Constitutional and Administrative Law) 

You will also develop an understanding of how professional ethics guide and inform practice, as well as vitally important legal skills such as critical thinking, communication and teamwork.

In your final year, you'll form a simulated Law Firm with a small group of fellow students, which will reflect the reality of legal practice. Under the supervision of a Supervising Partner, who will ordinarily have a background in legal practice, you will work on a variety of client matters and transactions, developed in consultation with legal practitioners. These will involve the core practice areas of a commercial law firm (business, real estate and dispute resolution).


Year 1

Core modules

Year 2

Core modules

Option modules

You'll also choose two option modules from options that may include:

Year 3

Core modules

Our modules may change to reflect the latest academic thinking and expertise of our staff.
Our course structures are changing in September 2023. Find out more about how this course may be affected.

The York approach

Every course at York is built on a distinctive set of learning outcomes. These will give you a clear understanding of what you will be able to accomplish at the end of the course and help you explain what you can offer employers. Our academics identify the knowledge, skills, and experiences you'll need upon graduation and then design the course to get you there.

Students who complete this course will be able to:

  • Explain and advise on relevant English and EU law applicable to businesses and their core commercial activities, and the operation and regulation of legal services markets, law firms, and legal professionals; and plan efficient and effective research strategies to identify, evaluate and apply relevant principles and regulation to diverse, complex and integrated legal and practical issues that affect such businesses.
  • Apply and adapt problem-solving skills developed through problem-based learning – analyzing and evaluating facts, parties’ interests and objectives, and identifying legal and practical issues, and risks - to deal confidently, creatively and in a structured manner, independently and collaboratively, to develop effective solutions to, and advise on, new, unfamiliar and complex problems commonly encountered in corporate commercial legal practice.
  • Develop well-reasoned, critical and creative arguments, theories and solutions to current legal issues and problems facing corporate commercial practitioners and clients, supported by researched evidence.
  • Integrate and adapt well-developed legal, academic and interpersonal skills to engage with clients, peers, and other professionals; including autonomous skills in interviewing, researching, problem-solving, advising, negotiating, communicating, case analysis; advocacy; planning; and basic project management; and apply these within the context of corporate commercial legal transactions and matters.
  • Communicate confidently and effectively, both verbally and in writing in a range of formats; presenting well-reasoned, structured, practical legal advice – adapted to intended recipients and audiences, whether public, professional or clients – in the context of corporate commercial legal transactions and matters.
  • Reflexively draw upon and apply a broad awareness of perspectives and interests in their work, taking into account ethical, social, political, professional, commercial, financial, business, international, policy, human rights, ethnic, gender and client interest considerations when evaluating corporate commercial transactions and matters, and solving problems.
  • Work efficiently and effectively, both independently and as a leading member of a team, and take the initiative to draw upon personal and interpersonal skills and attitudes developed as part of a student law firm to identify the applicability of these skills in the context of corporate commercial legal practice.
  • Record, reflect on and evaluate strengths, weaknesses and progress in their own and others' personal learning and professional development, to be able to identify and set future learning requirements and career goals to further personal professional ambitions.

Fees and funding

Annual tuition fees for 2021/22

Study modeUK (home)International and EU
Full-time (3 years)
This is the year 1 fee. Fees for future years are subject to confirmation.

Students on a Student Visa (formerly Tier 4 Visa) are not currently permitted to study part-time at York.

For courses which are longer than one year, the tuition fees quoted are for the first year of study. Fees for subsequent years are subject to increase (no more than 2% each year).

Fees information

UK (home) or international fees? The level of fee that you will be asked to pay depends on whether you're classed as a UK (home) or international student. Check your fee status

Find out more information about tuition fees and how to pay them.

Funding information

Discover your funding options to help with tuition fees and living costs.

We'll confirm more funding opportunities for students joining us in 2021/22 throughout the year.

If you've successfully completed an undergraduate degree at York you could be eligible for a 10% Masters fee discount.

Living costs

You can use our living costs guide to help plan your budget. It covers additional costs that are not included in your tuition fee such as expenses for accommodation and study materials.

Teaching and assessment

You’ll work with world‐leading academics who’ll challenge you to think independently and excel in all that you do. Our approach to teaching will provide you with the knowledge, opportunities, and support you need to grow and succeed in a global workplace.

Coronavirus (Covid-19): changes to courses

We've made some changes to the way our courses are delivered to minimise potential disruption from the ongoing global pandemic.

Teaching format

York Law School is the only Law School in the UK to build its LLM (JD) programme around problem-based learning. In PBL, you will encounter a range of authentic 'problem' scenarios raising a wide range of legal issues. These will usually involve more than one area of law, so you will come to understand the interrelationships between areas of law that exist in practice and society, and you will see the 'messiness' of law as it arises in real-world contexts.

Your firm will be faced with complex legal issues as part of each of your modules. You will learn to identify the key legal principles and establish what you know and what you need to ascertain in order to unravel the problem. Through the process, you will reflect on deeper social and theoretical issues, such as questions of justice, fairness and human rights. Tutor-facilitators will guide you through particular points and issues, helping you to gain the maximum possible from each study.

You'll also learn through a range of other resources including plenary lectures, written subject guides and a variety of relevant material in our virtual learning environment.

Teaching location

York Law School is located on Campus East. Nearly all of your teaching will take place within the Law and Management building or nearby on Campus East.

About our campus

Our beautiful green campus offers a student-friendly setting in which to live and study, within easy reach of the action in the city centre. It's easy to get around campus - everything is within walking or pedalling distance, or you can always use the fast and frequent bus service.

Assessment and feedback

You'll produce a range of internal and client-focused reports and pieces of legal advice, legal documents and presentations. You'll also prepare an extended piece of professional writing in the form of a major piece of client advice or a practice know-how report set by a current legal professional.

Careers and skills

The LLM Law (Juris Doctor) is a key stepping stone to legal practice in jurisdictions across the globe. As an internationally recognised qualification with an emphasis on combining functioning legal knowledge and a strong base of practice skills, it provides a clear pathway into the law and legal services sector and corporate/commercial practice.

The PBL approach together with masterclasses from practitioners and professionals develops students' commercial and client awareness. You'll have access to Link Days with law firms, plus a full range of employability sessions and networking opportunities on legal and other careers, arranged and facilitated by the Law School's dedicated law employability tutor.

Career opportunities

Many graduates pursue careers such as:

  • Lawyer
  • Litigation Paralegal Solicitor
  • Commercial in-house lawyer
  • Attorney-at-law

Some of our students also go on to work in sectors not directly related to law such as:

  • Finance
  • Health and Social Work
  • Public Administration
  • Retail

Transferable skills

  • Time management
  • Research skills
  • Communication and presentation skills
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Project management
  • Reasoning and judgement
  • Document and case analysis
  • Negotiation and mediation
  • Advocacy

Entry requirements

Typical offer
Undergraduate degree 2:1 or equivalent
International pre-masters programme Pre-masters from our International Pathway College
Other international qualifications Equivalent qualifications from your country

Additional requirements

You will need to submit an example of written work with your application. Please see our guidance on submitting written work.

English language

If English isn't your first language you may need to provide evidence of your English language ability. We accept the following qualifications:

Minimum requirement
IELTS 7.0, minimum 7.0 in Writing and 6.5 in all other components
C1 Advanced and C2 Proficiency 185, minimum 185 in Writing and 176 in all other components
Duolingo 120, minimum 120 in Production and 110 in all other components
PTE Academic 67, minimum 67 in Writing and 61 in all other components
TOEFL 96, minimum 24 in Writing and 23 in all other components
Trinity ISE III Distinction in all components

For more information see our postgraduate English language requirements.

If you've not met our English language requirements

You may be eligible for one of our pre-sessional English language courses. These courses will provide you with the level of English needed to meet the conditions of your offer.

The length of course you need to take depends on your current English language test scores and how much you need to improve to reach our English language requirements.

After you've accepted your offer to study at York, we'll confirm which pre-sessional course you should apply to via You@York.


You can apply and send all your documentation electronically through our online system. You don’t need to complete your application all at once: you can start it, save it and finish it later.

Part of our selection process involves a formal interview. The interview is designed to explore and assess attributes and competencies, such as your suitability for problem-based learning, from your written application. We want to identify students who are best suited to our unique learning environment, and so are likely to thrive here. It is also a means by which you can find out more about the programme. If you want to find out more, you can read our interview guide.

As we interview, we do not require the LNAT to apply for our course.

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