Employers in the UK must abide by employment legislation when employing staff. Even if you're only working part time you have the right not to be treated less favourably than a full time member of staff doing the same work. Some of the key issues you should be familar with include:
This is a minimum hourly rate of pay, to which most workers in the UK are entitled. This rate is reviewed every year. The current rate (as from April 2020) is:
Apprentice rate: £4.15 for apprentices aged under 19, or over 19 and in the first year of an apprenticeship (though your employer may pay more than this). Apprentices aged 19 or over who have completed the first year of their apprenticeship are entitled to the minimum wage for their age.
If you have any concerns that you are not being paid the correct rate, you can get confidential help and advice about the NMW. Call 0800 9172368 or find out more abut the National Minimum Wage and Living Wage.
You should be given a statement of the terms and conditions of your employment within 8 weeks of starting your job. This statement doesn't have to be written - it can also be oral, implied or a mixture of these. It should include information such as your job title, rate of pay, notice period, hours of work, holiday entitlement and details about pension schemes. Find out more about statement of terms and conditions of employment.
The WTR cover many aspects of working hours and help to ensure that employees do not work excessive amounts of time. The rule most relevant to students is that you are entitled to an uninterrupted break of 20 minutes if your working day is longer than six hours. Read more about your employment rights and the WTR.
Your rights as an intern depend on your employment status; you may qualify for at least the National Minimum Wage. There is advice for interns on the Government website.
It is illegal for employers to discriminate against you on the basis of certain characteristics:
Your employer has a legal responsibility to provide a safe working environment for you and must abide by the Health and Safety at work act which has specifc rules about a number of issues including: cleanliness, lifting and carrying, hours and rests, and machinery.
Workers in the UK make National Insurance (NI) contributions to build up entitlement to certain state benefits. All workers, including students, are required to have an NI number; how much you pay is calculated on your weekly earnings and is deducted automatically by your employer.
UK citizens are usually issued with a NI number at the age of 16. If you have lost your NI number you should contact the National Insurance Helpline on 0300 200 3500.
Important note: You will not be charged for an NI number – it is completely free.
Please do not use any website that charges a fee for this service.
If you are an international or EEA* student and want to work in the UK you will need to apply for an NI number once you are in the UK.
You may have a National Insurance Number on the back of your Biometric Residence Permit (2 letters, 6 numbers, 1 letter). If so, you do not need to apply for one. If you are not sure, check with the Immigration Advice Service or the Careers and Placements team.
Note: National Insurance Number applications have been suspended for EU/EEA students (Sept 2020) until further government notice, but you can still work by providing proof of right to work in the UK to your employer. Until 30 June 2021, this can be your passport or national ID card.
To get an NI number you will need to telephone the National Insurance Number Application line on 0800 141 2075. You will not be charged for the call, however waiting times for an answer can be very long. (If you have hearing or speech difficulties, call the text phone on 0800 141 2438.)
You can expect to be asked these questions:
You will then be asked for the following information:
You will be invited for an interview at a Jobcentre Plus office. This is likely to be in York, Leeds or Hull.
The purpose of the interview is to check your identity, your status as a student, and check that you have a legal right to work in the UK. You will be told what documents you need to bring with you to your appointment – these may include:
It will take a few weeks for your letter containing your National Insurance number to arrive. You are allowed to start work before you receive your NI number, provided you can show an employer you have applied for it.
Anyone who works in the UK pays tax if they earn over their personal allowance each year – £12,500 for the period 6 April 2020 – 5 April 2021.
Find out more about how tax is calculated and what to do if you think you need to reclaim overpaid tax. Special rules apply if you work only in official university holiday periods so you should make sure you understand how the tax system works and that you are paying the correct amount.
Calculate net salary or 'take home pay' with Net salary calculator UK.
If you are applying for any of these types of opportunities:
take a look at our Before you apply pages for some additional information.
The Government website covers a wide range of employment issues.
Further advice from careers professionals working within Higher Education in the UK on key diversity issues including gender, race, disability/mental health, age and more is available on the Targetjobs website.