IT Services principles 

Our principles guide our decision-making and the actions we take across IT Services. 

They help us to deliver the best possible service to staff and students across the University. They also help us aspire to keep improving and reach our strategic goals. 

We’ve developed them collaboratively with contributions across IT Services. We regularly review and encourage feedback on our principles. This enables us to continuously improve and adapt, as well as accurately reflect our aspirations.

Our principles: 

  1. We will develop as a learning organisation
  2. The customer is why we’re here
  3. We are committed to agility and the DevOps model
  4. We provide services for all that are free at the point of use
  5. We are cloud first
  6. Physical infrastructure is still critical
  7. Sustainability is at the heart of our decision making
  8. Security is embedded in all that we do
  9. We will operate collaboratively and transparently
  10. We will be strategic when engaging partners

We will develop as a learning organisation 

We value creativity, innovation and agility and vow to make 20% of time available to all staff for team building, training, learning, knowledge sharing, innovation, experimentation and realisation of good ideas. This needs to be flexible, it’s not intended to mean a day a week in a block, but to encourage a culture of learning and innovation and set the expectation that we can only allocate 80% of a person’s time to “normal” activities. It also helps us to attract talent. Considering the individual and role is essential, and it may be part of the day job in one situation and require taking time away from the desk in another. 

Our training budget will match our aspirations, and every member of staff will regularly discuss their training needs with their line manager. Training will meet the demands of IT in five years, not just the now and will be included as part of any procurement we do. 

We recognise that business systems will move to SaaS and want to help the staff that support these systems to support other areas of our infrastructure provision. 

We will send staff to the best conferences, seeking inspiration from outside HE and will always think about higher long-term value.

The best conferences add value. Learning that benefits the individual and the organisation changes the way we work and our vision, helps us to  network, influences the industry, and increases our reputation. We will always value paying for staff to attend a well-curated and useful experience rather than for them to attend a mediocre one for free.  

Multiple people attending conferences has proved valuable for team building, deep thinking and transformation of our work and this is something we will continue to encourage where appropriate. 

We seek and promote equality, diversity and inclusion in our teams. 

We are committed to developing our skills and capabilities in AWS and Azure. We will continue to learn from incidents, without assigning blame, and follow up on actions. Using an early and often approach we will share knowledge with each other, making sure that projects include dedicated time for knowledge exchange.

The customer is why we’re here 

We will remain customer centric, employ co-design principles, and use customer friendly language in all of our interactions. This means continuing to recognise the wide range of customers who come to us with varying needs and skills and using a flexible approach to address this.  

We aim to build services that are intuitive, reliable and stress-free (IT that “just works”) and are committed to accessibility. When designing and reviewing services we will engage with standards and diverse groups. We will use the same services we provide to our customers including assured devices, to expose ourselves to the frustrations our customers may experience. 

Service levels will be agreed with departments that allow services to be delivered in more efficient and effective ways, identifying internal and external customer pain points and seeking to provide self-service capability. We will also increase our focus on digital literacy and direct support for teaching and research. 


  1. Every time you open your laptop on campus the network should just work.
  2. Security controls should have the minimum possible impact on productivity (SSO and MFA once per session, not once per service.)
  3. All of our web accessible services must meet WCAG 2.1, whether developed or procured.

We are committed to agility and the DevOps model

The same teams will design, build and operate our infrastructure. Our approach will encourage continual improvement and incremental delivery against a product roadmap, rather than projects that succeed or fail in a single step. We will embed infrastructure staff into software delivery teams to deliver expertise where it is needed on projects. 

To improve efficiency and consistency we will automate what can be automated across all of our teams. We will develop an architecture capability and governance appropriate to the challenges of the University, ensuring that anything we create adds value and always looking within and outside of the sector for inspiration and innovation.

Monitoring should be comprehensive and proactive and alerts should contain context and give confidence that they require action.


  • We should be able to detect that someone is getting a poor wireless experience. This should generate a ticket with authentication logs and signal strength graphs attached.

We provide services for all that are free at the point of use

Where possible we will avoid the complexity and inefficiency of internal recharging and will support early career researchers who may not yet have external funding. Under this model we provide core services, networking, storage, virtual machines and HPC.  

We will ensure the core IT capital and revenue supports all University activities, including research and aim to provide an equivalent experience to all students, whether on-campus, online or studying from other countries, both taught and research. 

We will document the services we offer, including our storage options, so that customers can select the most appropriate service for their needs, and understand any costs when writing grant proposals. Charges may apply where higher levels of usage require us to purchase additional cloud or infrastructure capacity, or where we wish to discourage use of a service.

By ‘all’ we mean staff, student and academic visitors. Although defining our level of support for subsidies and companies that we interact with is beyond the scope of these principles, a common model is to provide standard services where there is no additional cost for delivery or impact on academic use of our facilities, and to charge for any additional.

We are cloud first

Recognising all the additional advantages of a cloud based approach and the need to consider long term direction, we will always consider using the cloud before implementing a local solution. We will accept a cost increase, not waiting for cloud to become cheaper than on-premise.  

We will promote the use of cloud for research computing over traditional models of owning physical hardware and will continue to engage with Finance to develop new models that require less capital and more revenue. 

Rather than trying to be fully cloud-agnostic we will continue our strategy of making full use of individual clouds and focus our development on AWS. 

We recognise the advantages of SaaS, DBaaS and serverless infrastructure over infrastructure that requires us to maintain it and always seek to understand TCO (total cost of ownership) and environmental impact as part of that decision making process. 


  • We expect to move home directories to OneDrive, shifting a significant amount of on-prem data to the cloud.

Physical infrastructure is still critical

We expect that resilient physical data centres will be required for a number of years, necessitating the two physical locations with UPS, generator provision and other supporting plant. 

To enable senior leadership to make decisions about the future, we will develop a fully costed model for the data centres and the services hosted there. In the immediate future, we expect the majority of storage to continue to be hosted in our data centres, due to cost. 

The physical network infrastructure (wiring centres, cabling routes and cables between and within buildings) is essential to the operation of the wired and wireless networks, and we will review these to ensure they are adequate to support the availability expected of the network by staff and students. We note that improving wireless requires improving the wired infrastructure, as power and data requirements are continually increasing.

Sustainability is at the heart of our decision making

We recognise that environmental sustainability is a core University principle, and that the University is committed to “net zero carbon emissions on campus by 2030.” We will help our customers to understand the total impact, financial and environmental of their decisions, and push to retire inefficient or redundant servers and services. 

We will work with DTEF colleagues to gain a full understanding of the energy consumption of different approaches, including accurate, detailed and timely reporting, and factor this into the conversation around on-prem vs cloud. Where it is not environmentally or financially justified, we will avoid the repurposing of old equipment taking full account of energy consumption. 

To minimise the generation of e-waste, we will only purchase devices such as mobile phones that are supported for their useful lifespan and will always dispose of e-waste in a responsible way. To improve lifecycle management we will provide customers with information about all the IT services they are using. 

Where possible we will seek to reduce the number of systems we support, consider the viability of non-core systems and consolidate storage platforms. We understand that we have limited resources and need to focus our efforts on delivering high-quality, sustainable and supportable services. It is not always possible to retain systems where user numbers are falling and such services should be identified early and retired quickly.

Sustainability is also about services, and we will always consider lifecycle. We will look to our strategic platforms before we propose an alternative solution and will prefer to buy a competent and cost-effective third party solution rather than build our own.


  • We will remove old desktops from under desks and replace them with proper remote access solutions, and retire older, less energy efficient equipment.

Security is embedded in all that we do

We appreciate our role in promoting cyber security across the University. 

Security and privacy must be considered at the specification and design stage whether building our own or tendering for a solution, we will embrace the spirit of the GDPR as well as the technicalities of compliance. We will commit to zero trust as a design principle and aim to design services that consider who you are and your role, rather than where you are. 

To support the University’s data governance strategy and ensure we understand our information assets, we will work closely with data governance and risk colleagues, to assess risk and design and implement appropriate controls to meet the acceptable risk level. 

We will ensure that University devices, systems and services are secured through their lifecycle from secure commissioning and configuration, patch management to data and hardware disposal at end of life. 

As part of the 2021 cybersecurity paper we stated that further security improvements would be funded as part of digital transformation and business change, and we will review all new projects to ensure security, sustainability and infrastructure is funded appropriately. We will align our policies to ISO 27001.


  • We will ensure that personal data is never used in test systems unless there is a robust plan to secure it to the same level as in production systems.
  • We will move the University to a place where all work is performed on University assured devices.

We will operate collaboratively and transparently

We are committed to one IT service, and “Digital,”“Infrastructure” and “Customer Engagement” will work together to be more than the sum of their parts. 

We will fully participate in UCISA, RUGIT, RUGIT InfoSec, CiSP and Jisc information sharing initiatives. As we start to deliver a physical and digital infrastructure that supports the University’s ambitions, we will build strong relationships with our Estates & Facilities colleagues and ensure that we are present at the start of projects. 

We will organise activities that promote the possibilities of IT to senior stakeholders, and actively engage in the University strategy and transformational initiatives to deliver joined up physical and digital experiences. To ensure that they have the support, training, resources and expertise required to deliver secure services, we will engage with IT teams outside of IT. The library is a key partner, particularly in the digital literacy space, and we will continue to work very closely with them on all things digital. 

We recognise the dangers of siloed working and will open up our work and our thought processes to the widest appropriate audience. We will listen, think about the impact of our communication on others, assume the best in people, and behave with professional courtesy at all times.

The University's upcoming "Community without Limits" framework expands upon this, and will form an important part of our values.


  • Code repositories should be shared with all IT.
  • Where we feel able, we ask questions and talk about our work in more general Slack channels, rather than in individual team channels. We appreciate that individual slack channels may still be needed but we should aim to join and contribute to more general channels where appropriate, working hard to make these channels welcoming and accessible and avoiding siloed working.

We will be strategic when engaging partners

When negotiating contracts we will consider what services the supplier should be providing. By working to improve our supplier management we will avoid unconstrained cost escalation and ensure that suppliers are providing what we are paying for. 

We will seek to supplement our capabilities by engaging the correct partners, and avoid partners that do not align with our objectives or culture. When we find the right partner we will look to strengthen that relationship and work over longer time periods, rather than on a per-procurement or transactional basis. When contracts no longer represent value for money or the appropriate technology, we will seek to wind these down.