The Department of Theatre, Film, Television and Interactive Media (TFTI) engages actively with the University's research themes. Two feature prominently in our work for obvious reasons:
'Culture and Communication' covers a great deal of research in TFTI. We continually engage with many forms of culture and the ways in which it can communicate with society. We understand the cultural sphere as a place in which questions that evade simple answers can be identified, formulated and articulated. 'Creativity' underpins much of the Department's outputs. We examine the methods and means of developing creativity, and the ways in which creativity itself may offer ways for approaching social, industrial and historical issues.
In addition, we also conduct research that interacts with the Research Themes of 'Health and Wellbeing' and 'Technologies for the Future'. These reflect the breadth of our research and the Department's interdisciplinary reach.
However, sound recreations are the only means by which sound interaction and its effects on perception can be understood. As a result, this project used digital audio technologies to recreate York's 15th and 16th century soundscapes. Combining recreations of the acoustics of the performances spaces with recordings of audio extracts from the Mystery Plays, this project allows a reflection on the impact of the soundscapes on audiences, both in the past and the present.The York Mystery Plays are a series of plays that narrate events of relevance to the Christian faith and were performed regularly from the late fourteenth century up to 1569 on wagons in the streets of York, a tradition revived in 1994. Research into the staging and performance decisions of these historic productions has paid little attention to acoustic considerations, mostly focusing on theoretical or textual analyses instead.
This piece of interdisciplinary research explores acting processes in British television from the perspective of the actor and their techniques, placing actors at the centre of this examination of television performance.
By analysing the experiences of actors at various stages in their careers, and investigating the training provided by British drama schools for television performance, this research is designed to inform both performance scholarship within the academy and training provisions within the industry.
The process of rehearsal is often ephemeral and multi-layered. Performances develop from nothing to fully fledged productions but there is little or no way to easily document or facilitate this using existing technologies. This project undertook the task of assessing how digital tools could support and augment this process, by looking at two key aspects, data capture and data visualisation.
To that end a mobile application that could capture video data in a lightweight and unobtrusive manner was developed. This allowed parts of rehearsals to be recorded without disturbing the rehearsal process. In addition a method of visualising this captured video data was developed, allowing artists and production teams to document, interpret, reflect on and develop the ongoing rehearsal processes.
People in the UK spend, on average, nearly 4 hours per day watching television, as factual and fictional stories unfold which help us learn about and assign meaning to the world around us. Object-Based Broadcasting (OBB) represents the next step in the evolution of television. OBB refers to media with the ability to reconfigure itself based upon the device, environment and/or context in which it is being consumed.
This project is focused on demonstrating the power OBB as a delivery mechanism for accessible, adaptable, autonomous, conversational, interactive, immersive and personalised televisual experiences. Leveraging significant prior research, we are refining underlying abstract models capable of representing rich narrative spaces and implementing a mature OBB architecture, delivering a robust and scalable end-to-end IP-based form of broadcasting.
The adoption of digital technologies such as virtual and mixed reality has high potential for museums and heritage organisations, providing them the opportunity to reach new audiences and explain the stories behind their exhibits in engaging and innovative ways.
Navigating between the different technologies and understanding the value they bring can be extremely challenging given the pace at which digital technology is moving. In collaboration with York Museums Trust, we are designing and implementing an experimental mobile Virtual Reality (VR) experience for York’s Castle Museum. This experience blends immersive, collaborative and place-based storytelling with physical experiences of objects and built space.
Since 1992, the role of culture and the creative industries within Europe has increased in importance, and the EU has developed increasingly comprehensive cultural and media policies. Yet knowledge is limited about which European films and television drama series travel well within Europe, how Europeans engage with screen fictions from or about other European nations, and the role those fictions play in constructing a sense of belonging to and identifying with Europe.
The MeCETES project fills this gap by ascertaining how films and television drama enable audiences to encounter other European cultures, the conditions under which those fictions are produced and circulate within Europe, and their consequences for the project of cultural integration, identity building and diversity. We focus on the period 2005-2015, combining a Europe-wide overview with case studies relating to the UK, Denmark and Belgium, where the three research teams are based.
Prof Duncan Petrie, Dr Laura Mayne
During the 1960s British cinema achieved unprecedented levels of critical and commercial achievement. Hollywood investment supported British films and London became a hub of international collaboration. Half a century on, this project examines some of the key industrial and cultural dimensions underpinning this success.
Drawing on under-explored or new archival sources, this project investigates the topic in two key strands. The first explores the financing, production, distribution and exhibition of British films. Whilst the other considers the close connections between cinema and other innovative cultural forms, including television, advertising, popular music and fashion. There is also a focus on the tension between the novelty and innovation synonymous with the decade and the persistence of continuity and tradition.
This project investigated how such broadcasts change the experience of live events, and how they alter the spectrum of media through which performances occur. It also seeks to address the new challenges this emerging hybrid medium introduces for practitioners, critics and institutions for the creation, reception and funding of live theatre and events.Since 2009, live-streamed theatre broadcasts have emerged as a significant cultural phenomenon, aiding public access to – and representing a new practice for – key international, national and regional institutions. These have included the National Theatre, the Royal Shakespeare Company, Pilot Theatre, Forced Entertainment, and cinema distributors around the world.
Agricultural research and policy have struggled to meet the diverse needs and realities of individual farmers and consumers, leading to research and policies that are either inefficient or biased towards a few, vocal, stakeholders. Networked digital media provides new opportunities to consult, involve, and organize individuals at scale; however, these opportunities have been explored unsystematically across agri-food.
This project therefore convenes experts in digital media, agriculture, and environmental research with farmer and consumer stakeholders to identify how digital media can best empower individual farmers and consumers to inform agricultural research and policy and organize collective interests. Sandpit-style workshops and stakeholder consultations with design concepts will map the state of the art and key opportunities and challenges; develop, prioritise, and validate scenarios; and forge a multidisciplinary network across N8 universities and non-academic partners in the UK and developing countries to frame future large-scale impact-driven research endeavors.
Dr Sandra Pauletto
This project built upon a previous public engagement project Jane’s story-Chronic health issues of adolescents: is the world listening? which portrayed the journey of a young woman with a chronic medical problem through a 360-degree narrative, sound and visual piece.This project aimed to find new ways to communicate health information to young people effectively using interactive media. In particular the project investigated the use of sound and music in alcohol-related interactive health communication applications.
Dr David Hickman, Dr Sandra Pauletto
Tales from Two Cities is a decade-long documentary project, to be recorded entirely in localities within two of the world’s largest so-called ‘megaslums’: Orangi Town in Karachi and Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl (Neza) in Mexico City.
Over the next decade, this ambitious project will build a ground-level portrait of lives inside these expansive and new urban landscapes – impacted by migration, conflict, corruption, organised crime and climate change.
But this is also the story of invisible peoples shaping unseen changes. How sustainable are these changes? To what extent are Neza and Orangi now post-slum cities? And what does this mean for the people who have built their lives there? The inhabitants will tell us themselves, as their stories unfold over the next ten years.
Tales from Two Cities is intended to be much more than an observational account of people’s lives within Neza and Orangi. Through collaborations with city-based NGOs and others, the project will offer support in developing and disseminating the work of Orangi’s and Neza’s emerging journalists, writers, archivist-historians and filmmakers.
The catastrophes of the 20th century tore gaping holes in the cultural fabric of Europe. This project seeks to help re-knit certain threads across those gaps. We aim to inject new life into recently rediscovered musical, theatrical, and literary works by Jewish artists, many of which were thought lost or have, until recently, languished in obscurity.
The thirteen researchers in our international, interdisciplinary team are all motivated by a desire to recover and engage anew with artefacts from the Jewish archive, to stimulate the creation of new works, and to challenge the very essence of what archives are and what they mean in today’s society.
Research into Artificial Intelligence (AI) for non-player characters in games has made significant leaps over the last few years, emphasised by Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo and University of Alberta’s AI poker player beating world champions. However, the games industry is often reluctant to adopt this technology as it is risky to deploy, requires a deep understanding of recent advances in machine learning to implement and while the expert AI players it produces can be challenging, they may not necessarily be fun.
Therefore, this project is focused on working with game developers to understand how new AI and machine learning technologies can be introduced into their games and help them to adapt their design processes to incorporate these new approaches. Our ultimate aim is to deliver AI middleware and, where needed, the associated training or support to make these techniques accessible to any game developer, resulting in games which are both more challenging and, most importantly, more fun.
The City of York Council collects a large volume of data on the city, ranging from traffic lights to bus routes, incomes to school placements, overdue library books to litter bins. Analysis of this data can provide real insight into what's happening in the city and can inform policies which affect us all. By making the data widely available through the York “Open Data Platform” (ODP), the council hopes to engage people in what's happening in the City of York and enable them to be more open, more accountable, and more transparent.
The EPISODE project is using the DC Labs knowledge of games and gamification to develop ways to help people engage with this data in a playful and fun way. In the process they will learn about data and develop more of an interest in policy.
A core part of what makes well-designed games engaging is that they lay out the difficulty of challenges to follow the players’ growing skills, they are balanced. Every day, millions of citizen volunteers help scientists answer fundamental research questions by playing games, but because they work with real research tasks, which come in all shapes and sizes, performing this balancing is very difficult.
To solve this design problem, this project aims to develop a system that automatically estimates the skill of players and difficulty of given research tasks. selects the most fitting task for each player, and generates new, artificial tasks if there are no tasks matching the player’s skill available to keep the player engaged. The goal is to develop a suite of software modules that any citizen science game maker can easily implement to optimise engagement.
The devices (e.g. phones, smart thermostats and even cars) and organisations (e.g. councils, supermarkets) we interact with on a daily basis, record and store ever more data about things we do and care about. By empowering people to access and interpret this data, we can transform the way we understand and make decisions about key aspects of our lives (e.g. health and energy use) and have a greater say in how we are treated by the government and other groups.
This project will pioneer a new way of presenting data to the public that a large and diverse section of the population will be able to, and equally crucially, want to use. We propose that this can be achieved by creating personalised video stories that tell us how our data relates to our lives and the people around us.
The smartphone app will guide visitors to under-utilised attractions based on relevant real-time information, enticing behavioural change and allowing them to use the city more intelligently. In a two-way communication flow, gathered data will be fed back to optimise city services. Local businesses are also supported, e.g., by offering online vouchers or prizes within the game, having geo-localised the players. This project will efficiently and harmoniously enhance the city experience and services for both visitors and residents.With its remarkable historic heritage, York experiences many urban challenges, such as high crowd density and congestion at peak times. GAMBIT aims to assist city services, using a smartphone app that integrates existing data from the city management platform with real-time data gathered from the user.
With the number of visually impaired people in the UK expected to rise to 4 million by 2050, accessibility should not be an afterthought, but an intrinsic part of the creative workflows involved in Film and TV productions.
This project seeks to explore how sound design techniques can be used to rethink accessibility to film and television for visually impaired audiences by considering: the application of surround sound rendering, interactive media systems and first person narration. The project involves a collaboration with a Project Advisory Panel that includes representatives from both the film and television industry as well as the accessibility sector.
Cinematic Virtual Reality is a rapidly changing and emergent new medium building on film and television production. Working with Wild Rover Productions, a well-established broadcast television production company, this project explores the field in two complementary strands.
The first involves the development of new tools to enhance production of high-end Virtual Reality content, enabling producers to focus on storytelling rather than implementation. On the other hand, the second involves research into business aspects of this emerging medium, including the marketing and distribution of VR content, to develop effective monetisation strategies.