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Stochastic Calculus & Black-Scholes Theory (Online Version) - MAT00029M

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  • Department: Mathematics
  • Module co-ordinator: Prof. Tomasz Zastawniak
  • Credit value: 20 credits
  • Credit level: M
  • Academic year of delivery: 2022-23

Related modules

Co-requisite modules

  • None

Prohibited combinations

  • None

Module will run

Occurrence Teaching cycle
A1 Autumn Term 2022-23 to Spring Term 2022-23
A2 Autumn Term 2022-23 to Summer Term 2022-23
B1 Spring Term 2022-23 to Summer Term 2022-23
B2 Spring Term 2022-23 to Spring Term 2023-24

Module aims

The module enables students to acquire in-depth knowledge of the main features of Ito stochastic calculus as applied in mathematical finance, including:

  • The role of the Ito integral and Ito formula in solving stochastic differential equations (SDEs);
  • Martingale properties of the Ito integral and the structure of Brownian martingales;
  • The mathematical relationships between wealth processes, investment strategies and option prices;
  • Change of measure techniques and Girsanov theorem.
  • Partial differential equation (PDE) approach, and in particular the Black-Scholes equation.
  • Feynman-Kac representation of option prices.

The emphasis is on fundamental concepts which underlie the main continuous-time models of option pricing, principally the Black-Scholes model. Both plain vanilla (European) and exotic options (for example, barrier options) are dealt with, and the relationship between the approaches based on martingale theory and partial differential equations is explored. The module aims to equip students with a thorough understanding of the sophisticated mathematical results and techniques encountered in financial market modelling.

Module learning outcomes

By the end of this module students should
a) Be competent in calculations involving the precise mathematical details of the definition and construction of the Ito integral, and understand its structure and properties;
b) Demonstrate fluency in the use of the Ito formula in applications;
c) Be able to solve linear SDEs;
d) Have a thorough grasp of Black-Scholes methodology, both in its PDE and martingale formulations, and its application in deriving option prices in continuous-time models;
e) Have a clear understanding of the impact of the simplifying assumptions in the Black-Scholes model, and understand the role of the 'Greek parameters';
f) Be able to use measure transformations to price European options via expectations of martingale measures, and apply martingale calculus in pricing options and finding optimal trading strategies in complete models;
g) Be familiar with the Feynman-Kac formula and its use in representing the price of an option;
h) Be able to compare European and exotic options, and to discuss the differences between their pricing methodologies;
i) Have a working knowledge of the mathematical analysis of the American put option (time allowing).


Task Length % of module mark
Coursework - extensions not feasible/practicable
N/A 100
Oral presentation/seminar/exam
Online Viva
N/A 0

Special assessment rules



Task Length % of module mark
Coursework - extensions not feasible/practicable
N/A 100
Oral presentation/seminar/exam
Online Viva
N/A 0

Module feedback

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Indicative reading

1. R.A. Dana and M. Jeanblanc, Financial Markets in Continuous Time, Springer 2001.

2. T. Bjork, Arbitrage theory in continuous time, Oxford University Press 1999.

3. M. Baxter and A. Rennie, Financial Calculus, Cambridge University Press 1996.

4. R.J. Elliott and P.E. Kopp, Mathematics of Financial Markets, Springer 1999.

5. P. Wilmott, Derivatives, Wiley 1997.

6. R. Korn and E. Korn, Option Pricing and Portfolio Optimization, Graduate Studies in Mathematics, vol. 31, American Mathematical Society, 2001.

7. D. Lamberton and B. Lapeyre, Introduction to Stochastic Calculus Applied to Finance, Chapmans & Hall/CRC, 2000.

The information on this page is indicative of the module that is currently on offer. The University is constantly exploring ways to enhance and improve its degree programmes and therefore reserves the right to make variations to the content and method of delivery of modules, and to discontinue modules, if such action is reasonably considered to be necessary by the University. Where appropriate, the University will notify and consult with affected students in advance about any changes that are required in line with the University's policy on the Approval of Modifications to Existing Taught Programmes of Study.