Accessibility statement

Financial Statement Analysis and Valuation - MAN00144M

« Back to module search

  • Department: The York Management School
  • Module co-ordinator: Dr. Jairaj Gupta
  • Credit value: 20 credits
  • Credit level: M
  • Academic year of delivery: 2023-24

Module will run

Occurrence Teaching cycle
A Semester 2 2023-24

Module aims

This module covers fundamental analysis which is an economic framework for business analysis and valuation, based primarily on financial accounting information. The focus is on integrating key concepts from Economics, Business Strategy, Accounting and Finance while evaluating the information content of financial statements to generate forecasts, informing capital markets, implementing investment strategies, and performing valuations of firms and securities. All lectures are backed by relevant discussions on cutting-edge research in the areas of Business Valuation and Market-based Accounting. Learners will also be encouraged to analyse financial statements and reports of real firms, and explore empirical studies using real financial databases like CSMAR, Datastream, I/B/E/S, Compustat, CRSP etc. These practices will also allow students to explore how the value of a stock or an operating asset in an efficient market reflects investors’ expectations of its future performance. This module further aims to equip students with key security analysis and valuation techniques commonly applied in trading rooms and investment firms of the financial industry. Throughout the module, a reasonable amount of time will also be spent on critical discussions pertaining to the role of theories and industry practices introduced, in promoting ethical and sustainable business practices.

Module learning outcomes

After successful completion of the module students will be able to:

  • Critically understand the conceptual basis of financial reporting and financial statement analysis through the lens of investing and valuation.

  • Calculate, apply, and interpret appropriate financial ratios using financial statements and data from financial databases like CSMAR, Datastream, Compustat, etc.

  • Perform strategy analysis to identify firms’ profit drivers and key risks, and how businesses create value.

  • Critically explain how firms’ assets, liability and earnings numbers may be affected by their accounting choices, opportunistic financial reporting, and differences in analysts’ information environment.

  • Understand, explain, and apply accruals-based and cash flow-based models relevant to business forecasting and fundamental valuation.

  • Apply forecasting techniques to business, and understand the foundation of relative valuation models such as cash and earnings-based models, P/E, book-to-market ratios etc.

  • Demonstrate written communication skills in relation to the analysis of company financial statement information from a valuation and risk perspective.

  • Critically integrate and apply concepts from Business Strategy, Accounting and Finance to analyse business plans and company valuation.

Academic and graduate skills

  1. Advanced subject specific knowledge and understanding

  2. Cognitive (thinking) skills: through self-study and assessments

  3. Analytical skills required to undertake finance calculations and/or estimations.

  4. Communication: via written assignments, online discussion boards, virtual study groups and tutorials;

  5. Ability to conduct research into financial issues independently through data collection, analysis, synthesis and reporting.

Module content

Indicative content are as follows:

  • Understanding financial statements through the lens of investing and valuation.

  • Discounted cash flow valuation

  • Relative valuation

  • Reformulated financial statements and ratio analysis

  • Analysis of profitability, growth, earnings, and business strategy

  • Forecasting and valuation analysis

  • Earnings quality and earnings management

  • Analysts’ forecasts, recommendations, and information environment

  • Equity security analysis and valuation

  • Credit risk analysis and management


Task Length % of module mark
Essay : 2,000 word individual report
N/A 50
Group work : 5,000 word group assignment
N/A 50

Special assessment rules



Task Length % of module mark
Essay : 2,000 word individual report
N/A 50
Essay : Open assessment
N/A 50

Module feedback

Feedback will be given in accordance with the University Policy on feedback in the Guide to Assessment as well as in line with the School policy.

Indicative reading

The essential readings are:

Penman, Stephen H., Financial Statement Analysis and Security Valuation, 6th Ed, McGrawHill, (2022).

The information on this page is indicative of the module that is currently on offer. The University is constantly exploring ways to enhance and improve its degree programmes and therefore reserves the right to make variations to the content and method of delivery of modules, and to discontinue modules, if such action is reasonably considered to be necessary by the University. Where appropriate, the University will notify and consult with affected students in advance about any changes that are required in line with the University's policy on the Approval of Modifications to Existing Taught Programmes of Study.