- Department: Archaeology
- Module co-ordinator: Prof. Kevin Walsh
- Credit value: 20 credits
- Credit level: H
- Academic year of delivery: 2023-24
Today, many of us see the Mediterranean as a holiday destination - from the beaches of Spain to boat trips around the Greek islands and visits to the great Classical cities such as Rome and Athens. European farming has its origins in the Mediterranean. Once established, the origins of metalworking and complex societies also developed in and spread from this region. After the Minoan and Mycenaean periods, the great Classical civilisations and empires developed; the obvious examples are Greece and Rome. This module provides an overview of the development of all of these societies and emphasises the importance of interdisciplinary work in investigating Mediterranean archaeology.
A directed option - students must pick a Special Topic module and have a choice of which to take
|Semester 2 2023-24
Special Topics focus upon the archaeology of a well defined time, space or theme and the modules seek to allow students, in small groups to focus upon primary source material and to apply to it the theoretical and thematic perspectives learned over your first and second years. The aim is to facilitate the acquisition of deeper knowledge of one aspect of the past than has been possible in more general courses.
Specifically this module aims:
By the end of the module the students should be able to:
The Mediterranean is home to the most famous ancient civilisations, including the Greeks and Romans. This region comprises complex environmental and human histories; in many ways, both have been dynamic and unstable, but with periods of relative stability when infamous cultures and civilisations have developed.
The module will build upon some of the themes covered through earlier modules including (hunter-gatherers, the transition to farming, the development of the Roman world). We will start with an overview of the Mediterranean landscape and environment, as well as the main methodological approaches. We then consider the end of hunter-gatherer societies followed by an assessment of the transition to farming - This is followed by a review of the great Bronze Age cultures of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans, to name two. We then consider the Iron Age, the Etruscans, the Phoenicians, and other groups then dominated much of the region, and we will consider some key developments in these areas.
Throughout the module, we will consider how these different groups developed their economies and their religious and ideological systems. Just as importantly, we will also assess how these peoples related to and engaged with the incredible range of natural environments that characterise the Mediterranean. The module adopts a "landscape approach" assessing the background to the development of Mediterranean landscapes and then considering how people have exploited and managed their environments from the prehistoric periods through to the Roman Empire.
|% of module mark
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Formative: oral feedback from module leaders in class
Summative: written feedback within the University's turnaround policy
Bintliff, J.L. (2012) The complete archaeology of Greece: from hunter-gatherers to the 20th century A.D. /. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.
Broodbank, C. (2013) The making of the Middle Sea: a history of the Mediterranean from the beginning to the emergence of the Classical World / Cyprian Broodbank. Thames & Hudson.
Walsh, K. (2013) The archaeology of Mediterranean landscapes: human-environment interaction from the Neolithic to the Roman period / Kevin Walsh, University of York. Cambridge University Press.