This research challenge area considers the complexity and dynamics of the relationships between economic, geographical, political, and social dimensions. 

We use innovative research approaches, including participatory methods and models, to understand the relationship between people and the environment, and to identify the interventions needed to bring about transformative change. 

Research foci are on natural resource management and the links between climate, land management, resource consumption, the economy and development. We also study social and environmental transformations, particularly around energy, fisheries, food systems and agricultural commodities, health, and wellbeing, transport systems, water resources, urbanization and climate change.