English language requirements 2021/22: research degrees

If you're a non-native English speaking applicant you must provide evidence of your English language ability.

Exceptions

You do not need to provide evidence of your English language abilities if any of the following conditions apply:

  • You're a UK national
  • You're a national from a majority English speaking country as specified by the UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI):
    • Antigua and Barbuda
    • Australia
    • The Bahamas
    • Barbados
    • Belize
    • Canada
    • Dominica
    • Grenada
    • Guyana
    • Ireland
    • Jamaica
    • Malta
    • New Zealand
    • St Kitts and Nevis
    • St Lucia
    • St Vincent and the Grenadines
    • Trinidad and Tobago
    • United States of America
  • You've completed a degree either in the UK, Ireland or in a country listed above. The degree must have been completed within two and a half years of the course start date here at York
  • You've completed a degree within two and a half years of your start date which has been taught in English. You will need to provide official confirmation from the institution where you completed your degree that the medium of instruction was in English.

For more information see UKVI Tier 4 Guidance from October 2019 (PDF).

Accepted tests

The following tests are accepted for entry into degree-level courses:

  • International English Language Testing System (IELTS) (Academic)
  • PTE Academic
  • Cambridge Certificate in Advanced English (CAE)
  • Cambridge Proficiency (CPE)
  • TOEFL IBT (internet based and special home edition) (TOEFL MyBest score is not acceptable for meeting the English language requirement)
  • Trinity ISE
  • Duolingo.

We seek formal confirmation of all test results. If you are intending to take a TOEFL test please enter our Designated Institution code 3065 on your test form.

We must be able to verify your test within two years of completion, but you may have completed the test up to two and a half years prior to the start date of your course. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test or multiple different tests.

The requirements for these tests vary by academic department.

If you require a Student Visa

If you're applying for an on-campus pre-sessional English course and require a Student Visa (formerly Tier 4 Visa) then you must take a UK government approved Secure English Language Test (gov.uk). Only IELTS for UKVI (Academic), Trinity ISE or PTE Academic UKVI can be accepted for entry to pre-sessional courses.

For more information about visas and English language requirements see General Student Visas (Tier 4) (gov.uk).

Academic department requirements

  • IELTS: 6.5, with a minimum of 6.5 in Writing and no less than 6.0 in all other components
  • PTE Academic: 61, with a minimum of 61 in Writing and no less than 55 in all other components
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with a minimum of 176 in Writing and no less than 169 in all other components
  • TOEFL: 87, with a minimum of 23 in Writing and a minimum of 21 in all other components
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 110 in production and 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with a minimum of 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 169, with no less than 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79, with a minimum of 17 in Listening, 18 in Reading, 20 in Speaking and 17 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Pass in all components
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 169, with no less than 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79, with a minimum of 17 in Listening, 18 in Reading, 20 in Speaking and 17 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Pass in all components
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with no less than 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components

PhD Applied Linguistics/PhD TESOL

  • IELTS: 7.0, with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 61 in each component
  • CAE and CPE: (from January 2015) 185, with no less than 176 in each component
  • TOEFL: 96, with no less than 23 in each component
  • Trinity: Level 3, with 'Distinction' in each component
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components

Other courses

  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with no less than 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 169, with no less than 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79, with a minimum of 17 in Listening, 18 in Reading, 20 in Speaking and 17 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with pass in all components
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 61 in each component
  • CAE and CPE: (from January 2015) 185, with no less than 176 in each component
  • TOEFL: 96, with no less than 23 in each component
  • Trinity: Level 3, with 'Distinction' in each component
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 169, with no less than 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79 with a minimum of 17 in listening, 18 in reading, 20 in speaking and 17 in writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Pass in all components
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 61 in each component
  • CAE and CPE: (from January 2015) 185, with with no less than 176 in each component
  • TOEFL: 96, with no less than 23 in each component
  • Trinity: Level 3, with 'Distinction' in each component
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 61 in each component
  • CAE and CPE: (from January 2015) 185, with no less than 176 in each component
  • TOEFL: 96, with no less than 23 in each component
  • Trinity: Level 3, with 'Distinction' in each component
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 61 in each component
  • CAE and CPE: (from January 2015) 185, with no less than 176 in each component
  • TOEFL: 96, with no less than 23 in each component
  • Trinity: Level 3, with 'Distinction' in each component
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 61 in each component
  • CAE and CPE: (from January 2015) 185, with no less than 176 in each component
  • TOEFL: 96, with no less than 23 in each component
  • Trinity: Level 3, with 'Distinction' in each component
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with a minimum of 7.0 in Writing and no less than 6.5 in all other components
  • PTE Academic: 67, with a minimum of 67 in Writing and no less than 61 in all other components
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 185, with a minimum of 185 in Writing and no less than 176 in all other components
  • TOEFL: 96 with a minimum of 24 in Writing and no less than 23 in all other components
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Distinction in all components
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 120 in Production and 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0 with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with a minimum of 61 in Writing and no less than 55 in all other components
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 185, with a minimum of 176 in Writing and no less than 169 in all other components
  • TOEFL: 96, with a minimum of 23 in Writing and a minimum of 21 in all other components
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 169, with no less than 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79, with a minimum of 17 in Listening, 18 in Reading, 20 in Speaking and 17 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Pass in all components
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with no less than 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0 with no less than 6.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 67, with no less than 55 in Listening and Speaking, a minimum of 61 in Reading and of 67 in Writing
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 185, with a minimum of 169 in Listening and Speaking, a minimum of 176 in Reading, and of 185 in Writing
  • TOEFL: 96, with a minimum of 21 in Listening and Speaking, a minimum of 23 in Reading, and of 24 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Distinction in all components
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (taken from January 2015): 169, with no less than 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79, with a minimum of 17 in Listening, 18 in Reading, 20 in Speaking and 17 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Pass in all components
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with a minimum of 7.0 in Writing and no less than 6.5 in all other components
  • PTE Academic: 67, with a minimum of 67 in Writing and no less than 61 in all other components
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 185, with a minimum of 185 in Writing and no less than 176 in all other components
  • TOEFL: 96 with a minimum of 24 in Writing and no less than 23 in all other components
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Distinction in all components
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 120 in Production and 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.0, with no less than 5.5 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 55, with no less than 51 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 169, with minimum 162 in each component
  • TOEFL: 79 with a minimum of 17 in Listening, 18 in Reading, 20 in Speaking and 17 in Writing
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Pass in all requirements
  • Duolingo: 100, minimum 90 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with a minimum of 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all requirements
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 7.0, with a minimum of 7.0 in Writing and no less than 6.5 in all other components
  • PTE Academic: 67, with a minimum of 67 in Writing and no less than 61 in all other components
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 185, with a minimum of 185 in Writing and no less than 176 in all other components
  • TOEFL: 96 with a minimum of 24 in Writing and no less than 23 in all other components
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Distinction in all components
  • Duolingo: 120, minimum 120 in Production and 110 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87 with no less than 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with a minimum of 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5, with no less than 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with a minimum of 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all components
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components
  • IELTS: 6.5 with a minimum of 6.0 in each component
  • PTE Academic: 61, with no less than 55 in each component
  • CAE and CPE (from January 2015): 176, with no less than 169 in each component
  • TOEFL: 87, with a minimum of 21 in each component
  • Trinity ISE: level 3 with Merit in all requirement
  • Duolingo: 110, minimum 100 in all other components

If you are a visiting student see your English language requirements by subject

If you've not met the departmental requirements

If you've taken one of the accepted tests but not met the departmental requirement, you may be eligible for one of our pre-sessional English language courses. These courses will provide you with the level of English needed to meet the conditions of your offer.