Cutting down: insights from qualitative studies of smoking in pregnancy
Hilary Graham, Kate Flemming, David Fox, Morag Heirs, Amanda Sowden
The adverse effects of smoking in pregnancy are minimised if the mother quits completely in early pregnancy. Smokers are therefore advised to quit abruptly; cutting down is not recommended either as a method of, or alternative to, quitting. However, most pregnant smokers do not quit and cutting down is widely reported. Evidence comes primarily from quantitative studies; qualitative research has contributed little to understandings of cigarette consumption in pregnancy. In consequence, little is known about the place and meaning of cutting down for pregnant smokers. The paper investigates this important dimension of maternal smoking. It explores perceptions and experiences of cutting down among pregnant smokers by examining data from a systematic review of qualitative studies of smoking in pregnancy. Read more...
Cochrane protocols: the icing on the PROSPERO cake
We are pleased to announce that new Cochrane protocols are now being automatically added to PROSPERO, the international prospective register of systematic reviews in health and social care.
The Cochrane Collaboration has always been a strong supporter of the principle of registration of protocols for all systematic reviews. This support has been mobilised in the agreement that new Cochrane protocols published from 1 October 2013 onward are to be included in PROSPERO. Joint work to develop an automated upload of key features from new Cochrane protocols for interventions and diagnostic test accuracy reviews means this information will be available within PROSPERO without adding to the work of Cochrane reviewers. Read more...