Posted on 24 May 2005
Nanoquanta, an international collaboration part-funded by the European Union's Framework Programme Six, will create a permanent European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility (ETSF) on the lines of the synchrotron facilities successfully shared by researchers across Europe.
Dr Lucia Reining, CNRS Research Director of the École Polytechnique in Paris, says that "over the last two decades, European research and training networks have increasingly contributed to the development of scientific communities. In order to share this benefit more widely between scientists and with society, we have to find new forms of working together. The ETSF will be a major help for us to answer this challenge."
The project builds on a 15-year collaboration between a number of prominent Condensed Matter Theory groups in Europe. Their scientific work focuses on the properties of electronic excited states in matter, particularly nanostructures, as well as nanoelectronics and the energetics of atomic motion on the nanometre scale.
Many of the theoretical approaches and computational solutions which are commonly used in the framework of calculations of electronic excitations from first principles have been developed in this network. The ETSF concept will attempt to meet the challenge of bringing understanding of these techniques to a wider community. Until now, support for such work by the EU and national organisations has concentrated on self-contained, fixed-term research projects and networks with no permanent opportunity for other researchers to benefit from the new theoretical and computational developments. The ETSF concept has been devised to ease and encourage this kind of collaboration between researchers. Like a synchrotron, the ETSF will be a professionally-managed 'knowledge centre' in which expertise, theory and the associated software will be employed in different ways according to the interests and background of users.
At its core will be a number of collaborating research groups, some specialising in theory development, others in the development of software. The ETSF will also build a broad and federal community of research groups working on similar topics. Users of the facility will be a much larger and varied group, composed of researchers from the public or private sector wishing to benefit from developments in the field of electronic excitations. The ETSF will also provide long-term specialised training for users and for doctoral students, as well as producing Masters-level modules.
Martin Stankovski, a doctoral student at the University of York, says that "Nanotechnology has enormous potential for the industry, but deeper theoretical knowledge of the science involved is often missing in the broader research communities, especially in the private sector. With the ETSF we have the opportunity to get the experience and knowledge of our research out where it will be of direct use."
Network Coordinator: Professor Rex Godby, University of York
Deputy Coordinator: Dr Lucia Reining, Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés
Network Administrator: Mr Tony Patman, University of York
Topics of the Nanoquanta Network Integration
Establishing the Infrastructure of the ETSF
- Training and Reach-Out
- External relations
- Society issues (to develop a strategy concerning social issues for young scientists)
- Isolate a Zero-Dimensional Structure and Conquer its Environment
- One-dimensional Systems and their Composites
- Computing Total Energy and Excited States at Surfaces and Interfaces
- Fundamental Knowledge for Advanced Materials
- Integration of theory and code developments
Nanoquanta External Funding Sources
- European Union: Sixth EU Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development.
- Belgium: Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique.
- France: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique, École Polytechnique (Palaiseau).
- Germany: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft.
- Italy: Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia, University of Rome 'Tor Vergata'.
- Spain: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia
- Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)
- Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC)
- Universidad del País Vasco
- United Kingdom: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.