Click here to download the Chicago style Guide.

Chicago referencing style

As used in:

  • English (as well as MLA)

  • History

  • History of Art

  • Music

    An A to Z of Chicago example citations and references

    Click here for this popup: Commonly used sources

    Click here for this popup: Other sources

The guide has been compiled using The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.).

Chicago is a style using footnotes to detail in-text citations, with a reference list/ bibliography of all sources cited, presented at the end of the piece of work in alphabetical order by author.

It is important to give page numbers for in-text citations in the following circumstances:

  • when quoting directly
  • when referring to a specific detail in a text (for example, a specific theory or idea, an illustration, a table, a set of statistics)
  • when giving a paraphrase or summary of a text.

Examples below show the full footnote for different sources and a shortened version for if the source is cited again. A corresponding reference that would appear in the reference list/ bibliography is also given. It is important also to note in some examples where departments have a particular preference regarding the information to include in the references.


The full Chicago Manual of Style Online is now available to University of York students here. Please be aware that this is the full publishing style guide and is very comprehensive. It is recommended that you use the University of York Chicago Style Guide when you are familiarising yourself with the Chicago referencing style. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is suitable for advanced users with complex referencing queries, such as if writing a thesis or research paper..

Last Updated:16th September, 2015 |

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