The social and economic impacts of Zika among women in Brazil are severe. Public health systems are chronically underfunded, resulting in women shouldering much of the care when babies are born with congenital Zika syndrome, which may cause microcephaly (smaller head circumference).
Community health workers (CHWs) and social movements work closely with these women, becoming their most important support structures. Research has identified the important contribution of CHWs, but their potential to make a difference at community-level is both under-recognised and under-mobilised by policymakers.
This research project is in collaboration with Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, a leading public health research institution in Latin America, and social movements in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. It involves extensive consultation and fieldwork including interviews, focus groups and meetings with CHWs and community representatives. Using these participatory methodologies, we have been able to identify important gaps in public health policies in response to the Zika virus.
Through providing training and support programmes, the project has developed the capacity of Brazil's CHWs, as well as creating long term capacity for mothers to claim rights for children with congenital Zika syndrome.
Our work has sensitised state actors to the need for more inclusive health policies. We have produced health-related materials to assist public health campaigns.
We have developed CHWs’ capacity to address the needs and demands of Zika-affected populations and to influence policymaking decisions. This was achieved primarily by engaging in organisational and leadership skills development, training activities, and the co-production of health-related educational materials.
We have partnered CHWs with grassroots mothers’ social movements reclaiming agency over their lives and their children’s health and social care.
We have extended our capacity building and leadership development initiatives to these movements to enhance their ability to claim rights and achieve long-term transformational change.