Accessibility statement

Mathew Mpanda
KITE (External)



Mathew is working on the impacts of climate change on benefits and flows of ecosystem services along an altitudinal gradient on Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. His research focuses on (1) local people's perception of how climate change is impacting livelihoods, (2) soil characteristics along the altitudinal gradient, and (3) on-farm woody biomass, its availability and use.

Previously, Mathew worked to understand impact of forestland tenure changes on forest cover and stocking in part of Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania. During his undergraduate studies at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Mathew investiagted household woodfuel consumption in Ilala district, Dar es Salaam, linking urban energy supply and consumption with degradation and deforestation of the adjacent coastal forests.


2012-Present PhD Student University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2009-Present Scientist World Agroforestry Centre, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2007-2009 MSc Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania 
2005-2009 Forest Officer Amani Nature Reserve, Tanga, Tanzania
2001-2004 BSc Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania



PhD title: Impact of climate change on Ecosystem Services benefits and flows along an altitudinal gradient on Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Supervisors: Prof. Amos Majule, Dr. Robert Marchant and Dr. Fergus Sinclair

Funding: Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland (CHIESA Project)


The objective of the PhD study is to determine how ecosystem service flows (soil and above ground tree resources) vary across the agricultural landscape of the southern slopes of Mt. Kilimanjaro, and how these are impacted by environmental change at local and regional scales. Specifically, the PhD aims to:

  • assess the perception and adaption of local people on the impact of climate change and altitudinal level on ecosystem service flows in the study area
  • investigate soil health and carbon stocks in agricultural landscape in the study area
  • determine tree stocking parameters, tree diversity and biomass in the study area
  • model the relationship between the spatial distribution of trees and soil under climate change along the altitudinal gradient in the study area


Socio-economic information is collected using household questionnaire surveys, focused group discussions and discussion with key informants. Additional data are collected through transect walks across the villages in the study site. Tree information (species, stature, diameter at breast height) is being recorded in vegetation plots.

Research group(s)

York Institute for Tropical Ecosystems (KITE)


Selected publications

  • Kimaro A A, Mpanda M, Rioux J, Aynekulu E, Shaba S, Thiong’o M, Mutuo P, Abwanda S, Shepherd K, Neufeldt H, Rosenstock T S. In press. Is conservation agriculture ‘climate-smart’ for maize farmers in the highlands of Tanzania?Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst. Published online 29 June 2015.
  • Mpanda M, M Munjuga, M R Simons, A J Sawe, C T Cordeiro, N J Coe, R Ofori D. In press. Early survival and growth ofAllanblackia stuhlmannii (Clusiaceae): a threatened tropical rainforest tree of high economic value in Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology. Accepted 12 Aug 2015
  • Lalisa A. Duguma, Peter A. Minang, Mathew Mpanda, Anthony Kimaro and Dieudonne Alemagi. (2014). Landscape restoration from a social-ecological system perspective? In: Minang, P. A., van Noordwijk, M., Freeman, O. E., Mbow, C., de Leeuw, J., & Catacutan, D. (Eds.) Climate-Smart Landscapes: Multifunctionality in Practice. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). 63-73pp. 
  • Mpanda M. M., Munjuga M., Reyes T., Said A., Rutatina F., Kimaro A., and van Noordwijk M. (2014). Allanblackia, Butterflies and Cardamom: sustaining livelihoods alongside biodiversity conservation on the forest-agroforestry interface in the East Usambara Mountains, Tanzania. Forests, Trees and Livelihood, Vol. 23, Issue 1-2: 127-143p.
  • Rosenstock, T.S. Mpanda, M., Rioux, J. Aynekulu, E. Kimaro, A.A. Neufeldt, H. Shepherd, K.D. Luedeling, E. (2014). Targeting conservation agriculture in the context of livelihoods and landscapes. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 187 p47-51 2013372
  • Kimaro, A.A., Birhane, E., Mowo, J., Betemariam, E., Mpanda, M., Hadgu, K. (2014). Soil fertility management In: De Leeuw, J., Njenga, M., Wagner, B. and Iiyama, M. (Eds.), Tree resilience, an assessment of the resilience provided by trees in the drylands of Eastern Africa. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya p71-74 2014040
  • Duguma, L.A., Minang, P.A., Kimaro, A.A., Otsyina, R., Mpanda, M. (2013). Climate smart landscapes: Integrating mitigation, adaptation and development in Shinyanga region Tanzania. ASB Policy Brief No. 40, ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins. Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Munjuga, M. R., Gachuiri, A. N., Ofori, D. A., Mpanda, M. M., Muriuki, J. K., Jamnadass, R. H., Mowo, J. (2013). Nursery management, tree propagation and marketing strategy: a training manual for smallholder farmers and nursery operators Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), 84p.
  • Kashindye A., Mtalo E., Mpanda M., Liwa E. and Giliba R. (2013). Multi-temporal Assessment of Forest Cover, Stocking parameters and Above-ground Tree Biomass Dynamics in Miombo Woodlands of Tanzania. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 7 (7), pp. 611-623
  • Mpanda M. M., Luoga E. J., Kajembe G. C., and Tron E. H. (2011). Impact of forestland tenure changes on forest cover, stocking and tree diversity in Amani Nature Reserve, Tanzania. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, Vol 20, pp. 215–230
  • P. Z. Matata, B. M. Gama, A. Mbwaga, M. Mpanda and D. A. Byamungu (2011). Effect of Sesbania sesban fallows on Striga infestation and maize yield in Tabora Region of Western Tanzania. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management Vol. 2(10), pp. 311-317
  • Mathayo M. Mathew, Moses R. Munjuga, Henry J. Ndangalasi, Norbert J. Cordeiro. (2009). Aspects of the Flower and Fruit Biology of Allanblackia stuhlmannii (Clusiaceae), an endemic Tanzanian tree. Journal of East African Natural History 98 (1): 79-93
  • Munjuga, M., Ofori, D., Sawe, C., Asaah, E., Mpanda, M., Anegbeh, P., Peprah, T., Mwaura, L., Mtui, E., Sirito, C., Atangana, A., Henneh, S., Tchoundjeu, Z., Jamnadass, R., and Simons, T. (2008). Allanblackia stuhlmannii Propagation Protocol. World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi. 44pp
  • Abdallah, J. M., Mombo, F. M., Mgumia, F. H., Kingazi, S. P. and Mathew, M. (2007). Household Energy Crisis and Woodfuel Consumption in Urban Areas: A Case of Ilala District, Dar es Salaam-Tanzania. Journal of the Tanzania Association of Foresters, Dar es Salaam. Vol. 11, ISSN 0956-0269

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Contact details

Mr Mathew Mpanda
Scientist / PhD Student
World Agroforestry Centre
Tanzania Country Program
Mwenge Coca Cola Road
Mikocheni ‘B’ Industrial Area
Dar es Salaam

Tel: +255 22 2700660