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KITE‌‌‌ Publications

Journal Articles




  • Thorn, J.P., Bignoli, D.J., Mwangi, B. and Marchant, R.A., 2022. The African Development Corridors Database: a new tool to assess the impacts of infrastructure investments. Scientific data9(1), p.679.
  • Seki, H.A., Thorn, J.P., Platts, P.J., Shirima, D.D., Marchant, R.A., Abeid, Y., Baker, N., Annandale, M. and Marshall, A.R., 2022. Indirect impacts of commercial gold mining on adjacent ecosystems. Biological Conservation275, p.109782.
  • Kariuki, R.W., Capitani, C., Munishi, L.K., Shoemaker, A., Courtney Mustaphi, C.J., William, N., Lane, P.J. and Marchant, R., 2022. Serengeti’s futures: Exploring land use and land cover change scenarios to craft pathways for meeting conservation and development goals. Frontiers in Conservation Science, p.92.
  • Silva, F., Coward, F., Davies, K., Elliott, S., Jenkins, E., Newton, A.C., Riris, P., Vander Linden, M., Bates, J., Cantarello, E., Marchant, R. and Contreras, D.A., 2022. Developing transdisciplinary approaches to sustainability challenges: The need to model socio-environmental systems in the longue durée. Sustainability14(16), p.10234.
  • Courtney Mustaphi, C.J., Rucina, S.M. and Marchant, R., 2022. Late Pleistocene montane forest fire return interval estimates from Mount Kenya. Journal of Quaternary Science.
  • Marchant, R. and Cuni Sanchez, A., 2022 Special Issue Editorial: Mountains under Pressure Land. 11, 8, 5 p., 1283.
  • Sang, C.C., Olago, D.O., Nyumba, T.O., Marchant, R. and Thorn, J.P., 2022. Assessing the Underlying Drivers of Change over Two Decades of Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics along the Standard Gauge Railway Corridor, Kenya. Sustainability14(10), p.6158.
  • Punwong, P., Promplin, S., Lomchantrasilp, C., Soonthornampaipong, P., Englong, A., Marchant, R., Selby, K. and Chirawatkul, P., 2023. Documenting a thousand years of environmental and anthropogenic changes on mangroves on the Bangkok coast, the upper Gulf of Thailand. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany32(1), pp.17-34.
  • Chen, S., Li, G., Zhuo, Y., Xu, Z., Ye, Y., Thorn, J.P. and Marchant, R., 2022. Trade-offs and synergies of ecosystem services in the Yangtze River Delta, China: response to urbanizing variation. Urban Ecosystems25(1), pp.313-328.
  • Omukuti J, Barrett S, White P, Marchant R, Averchenkova A, (2022) The green climate fund and its shortcomings in local delivery of adaptation finance. Taylor Francis Online
  • Crezee B, Dargie G, Cuni-Sanchez A, et al (2022) Mapping peat thickness and carbon stocks of the central Congo Basin using filed data.  Nauture Geoscience  Mapping peat thickness and carbon stocks of the central Congo Basin (PDF , 9,819kb)
  • Sang C, Olago D, Nyumba T, Marchant R, Thorn J, (2022) Assessing the Underlying Drivers of Change over Two Decades of Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics along the Standard Gauge Railway Corridor, Kenya.
  • Marchant R, Cuni-Sanchez A, Special Issue Editorial: Mountains under Pressure. Land Special Issue Ediotorial: Mountains under Pressure (PDF , 199kb)
  • Mahu E, Sanko S, Kamara A, Marchant R, et al (2022) Climate Resilience and Adaptation in West African Oyster Fisheries: An Expert-Based Assessment of the Vulnerability of the Oyster Crassostrea tulipa to Climate Change  @MDPI Open Access Climate Resilience and Adaptation in West African Oyster Fisheries (PDF , 2,741kb)
  • Punwong P, Promplin S, Lomchantrasilp C , Soonthornampaipong P,  Englong A, Marchant R, Selby K, Chirawatkul P, (2022) In press Documenting a thousand years of environmental and anthropogenic changes on mangroves on the Bangkok coast, the upper Gulf of Thailand. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.
  • Parween R, Marchant R (2022) Traditional knowledge and practices, sacred spaces and protected areas, technological progress: Their success in conserving biodiversity. Conservation Science and Practice
  • Wilkinson JL, Boxall A, Kolpin D, Marchant R, Cuni-Sanchez A. (2022) Pharmaceutical pollution of the world's rivers. PNAS 119 8
  • United Nations Environment Programme, (2021) Future Proofing infrastructure to address the climate, biodiversity and pollution crises. UNEP, Nairobi.
  • Gannon KE, Pettinotti L, Conway D, Surminski S, Ndilanha E, Nyumbi T, (2022) Delivering the Sustainable Development Goals through development corridors in East Africa: A Q-Methodology approach to imagining development futures. Environmental Science & Policy, Vol 129 P56-57










Onyekuru NA, and Marchant R (2016). Assessing the economic impact of climate change on forest resource use in Nigeria: A Ricardian approach. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology220, pp.10-20.

Book Chapters

  • Kariuki R, Marchant R, Willcock S (2018). Ecosystem services in Africa. In: Binns T, Lynch K and Nel E (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of African Development. Routledge, Oxford, UK.
  • Boswell AK, Marshall AR, Njilima FM (2014). Tuitunze Misitu Yetu: Kwa nini Misitu ni Muhimu na Tufanye nini Kuitunza? [Keeping Our Forests: Why Forests Are Important And What Should We Do To Keep It?]CIRCLE, York, ISBN TBC
  • Marshall AR, Fashing P (2011). Colobus angolensis palliatus. In: Rowe N (ed.) All the World’s Primates. Pogonias Press, Charlestown, Rhode Island, USA
  • Marshall AR, Rovero F, Struhsaker TT (2011). Procolobus gordonorum. In: Rowe N (ed.) All the World’s Primates. Pogonias Press, Charlestown, Rhode Island, USA
  • Boswell AK, Marshall AR (2011). Saving Our Forests: Why Are Forests Important and What Can We Do to Save Them? CIRCLE, York, ISBN 978-0-9569862-0-7
  • Marchant R, Lovett JC (2011). Tropical environmental dynamics: A modeling perspective. In: Bush M, Flenley J, Gosling W (eds.) Tropical Rainforest Responses to Climatic Change. Springer Praxis Books. pp 381-409
  • Marshall AR, Munishi PKT (2011). Valuing the Arc: measuring and monitoring forest carbon for offsetting. In: Kareiva P, Ricketts T, Daily G, Tallis H, Polasky S (eds.) The Theory and Practice of Ecosystem Service Valuation. Oxford University Press, Oxford
  • Marchant R, Taylor DM (2010). Historical biogeography as a basis for Nature conservation. In: Millington AC, Blumler M, Schickhoff U (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Biogeography. Sage Publications, NY
  • Marchant R, Brewer S, Webb T (2009). Holocene deforestation: a history of human environmental interactions, climate change and extinction. In: Turvey S (ed.) Extinctions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
  • Marchant R (2008). Tanzania. In: Philander G (ed.) Encyclopaedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications, New York. pp 948-950
  • Marchant R (2008). Uganda. In: Philander G (ed.) Encyclopaedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications, NY. pp 993-994
  • Lovett JC, Marchant R, Marshall AR, Barber J (2007). Tropical moist forests. In: Hester RE, Harrison RM (eds.) Issues in Environmental Science and Technology (Vol. 25). Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge. pp 161-192
  • Marchant R (2007). Late Holocene environmental change and cultural response in south-western Uganda. In: Lille M, Ellis S (eds.) Wetlands Archaeology and Environments. Oxbow Books. pp 275-288
  • Termansen M, McClean CJ, Skov-Petersen H (2007). Comparison of discrete-choice modeling and accessibility-based approaches: a forest recreation study. In: Wise S, Craglia M (eds.) GIS and Evidence-Based Policy Making. Taylor and Francis. pp 313-328
  • Lovett JC, Marchant R, Taplin J, Küper W (2005). The oldest rainforests in Africa: stability or resilience for survival and diversity? In: Purvis A, Gittleman JL, Brooks TM (eds.) Phylogeny and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp 198-229

PhD Theses

PhD archive. For PhDs in progress, see here

pre-2015 Journal Articles

2015  2014  2013  2012  2011  2010  2009  Older (2005-2008)


  • AA Kimaro, M Mpanda, J Rioux, E Aynekulu, S Shaba, M Thiong’ 2015. Is conservation agriculture ‘climate-smart’ for maize farmers in the highlands of Tanzania? Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 105, 105: 217–228.
  • MM Mathew, MR Munjuga, NJ Cordeiro, R Coe, DA Ofori, AJ Simons, 2015. Early survival and growth of Allanblackia stuhlmannii (Clusiaceae): a threatened tropical rainforest tree of high economic value in Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 53 (4): 572-580.
  • Capitani CNorfolk O, Platts P, Burgess N, Mukama K, Mbilinyi B, Malugu I, Munishi P, Marchant, R (2015). Exploring the future land use-biodiversity-climate nexus in East Africa: an application of participatory scenario analysis. GLP Newsletter – Newsletter of the Global Land Project, Issue 12, November 2015: pp 10-13.
  • Courtney Mustaphi CJ, Shoemaker, AC, Githumbi ENKariuki R, Muriuki RM, Rucina SMarchant R (2015). Historical ecology perspectives of changes in Amboseli, Kenya. GLP Newsletter – Newsletter of the Global Land Project, Issue 12, November 2015: pp 26-29. [Link to full issue]
  • Marlon, J. R., Kelly, R,. Daniau, A.-L., Vannière, B., Power, M. J., Bartlein, P., Higuera, P., Blarquez, O., Brewer, S., Brücher, T., Feurdean, A., Gil-Romera, G., Iglesias, V., Maezumi, S.Y., Magi, B., Courtney Mustaphi, C. J., Zhihai, T. 2015. Reconstructions of biomass burning from sediment charcoal records to improve data-model comparisons. Biogeosciences Discussions 12 (22), 18571-18623
  • Cuní Sanchez A (2015). Report ASEC-dryland-Forests (PDF , 1,305kb)‌. 16pp.
  • Pas Schrijver A, van der Plas GW, Courtney Mustaphi CJ (eds.) (2015). Field diary. Issue 1 July 2015. 17pp.
  • Howard RJ, Tallontire AM, Stringer L, Marchant R (2015). Unravelling the notion of "fair carbon": key challenges for standards development. World Development 70, 343–356 (PDF , 415kb)
  • Platts PJOmeny PAMarchant R (2015). AFRICLIM: high-resolution climate projections for ecological applications in Africa. African Journal of Ecology 53, 103-108 | AFRICLIM 3.0, doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.1284624
  • Woodroffe SA, Long AJ, Punwong P, Selby K, Bryant CL, Marchant R (2015). Radiocarbon dating of mangrove sediments to constrain Holocene relative sea-level change on Zanzibar in the southwest Indian Ocean. The Holocene 25, 820-831
  • Dearing J, ..., Marchant R, et al. (2015). Social-ecological systems in the Anthropocene: the need for integrating social and biophysical records at regional scales. The Anthropocene Review, 2(3), 220-246
  • Shirima DD, Pfeifer MPlatts PJ, Totland Ø, Moe SR (2015). Interactions between canopy structure and herbaceous biomass along environmental gradients in moist forest and dry miombo woodland of Tanzania. PLoS ONE, 10 (11). e0142784. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0142784





  • Ahrends A, Burgess ND, Gereau RE, Marchant R, Bulling MT, Lovett JC, Platts PJ, Kindemba VW, Owen N, Fanning E, Rahbek C (2011). Funding begets biodiversity. Diversity and Distributions 17, 191-200
  • Ahrends A, Rahbek C, Bulling MT, Burgess ND, Platts PJ, Lovett JC, Kindemba VW, Owen N, Sallu AN, Marshall AR, Mhoro BE, Fanning E, Marchant R (2011). Conservation and the botanist effect. Biological Conservation 144, 131-140
  • Feldpausch TR, ..., Marshall AR, et al. (2011). Height-diameter allometry of tropical forest trees. Biogeosciences 8, 1081-1106 (PDF , 3,369kb)
  • Finch JMMarchant R (2011). A palaeoecological investigation into the role of fire and human activity in the development of montane grasslands in East Africa. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 20, 109-124
  • Fisher B, Turner RK, Burgess ND, Swetnam RD, Green J, Green RE, Kajembe G, Kulindwa K, Lewis SL, Marchant RMarshall AR, Madoffe S, Munishi PKT, Morse-Jones S, Mwakalila S, Paavola J, Naidoo R, Ricketts T, Rouget M, Willcock S, White S, Balmford A (2011). Measuring, modeling and mapping ecosystem services in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania. Progress in Physical Geography 35, 595-611
  • van Geel B, Gelorini V, Lyaruu A, Aptroot A, Rucina SMarchant R, Damste JSS, Verschuren D (2011). Diversity and ecology of tropical African fungal spores from a 25,000-year palaeoenvironmental record in southeastern Kenya. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 164, 174-190
  • Klorvuttimontara S, McClean CJ, Hill JK (2011). Evaluating the effectiveness of Protected Areas for conserving tropical forest butterflies of Thailand. Biological Conservation 144, 2534-2540
  • Laurance WF, ..., Marshall AR et al (2011). Global warming, elevational ranges and the vulnerability of tropical biota. Biological Conservation 144, 548-557
  • Platts PJ, Burgess ND, Gereau RE, Lovett JC, Marshall ARMcClean CJ, Pellikka PKE, Swetnam RD, Marchant R (2011). Delimiting tropical mountain ecoregions for conservation. Environmental Conservation 38, 312-324 (PDF , 1,782kb)‌ | Dryad Digital Repository
  • Proctor S, McClean CJ, Hill JK (2011). Protected areas of Borneo fail to protect forest landscapes with high habitat connectivity. Biodiversity and Conservation 20, 2693-2704
  • Shirima DD, Munishi PKT, Lewis SL, Burgess ND, Marshall AR, Balmford A, Swetnam RD, Zahabu EM (2011). Carbon storage, structure and composition of miombo woodlands in Tanzania's Eastern Arc Mountains. African Journal of Ecology 49, 332-342
  • Swetnam RD, Fisher B, Mbilinyi BP, Munishi PKT, Willcock S, Ricketts T, Mwakalila S, Balmford A, Burgess ND, Marshall AR, Lewis SL (2011). Mapping socio-economic scenarios of land cover change: A GIS method to enable ecosystem service modelling. Journal of Environmental Management 92, 563-574


  • Ahrends A, Burgess ND, Milledge SAH, Bulling MT, Fisher B, Smart JCR, Clarke GP, Mhoro BE, Lewis SL (2011). Predictable waves of sequential forest degradation and biodiversity loss spreading from an African city. PNAS 107, 14556-14561 (PDF , 1,119kb)
  • Burgess ND, Bahane B, Clairs T, Danielsen F, Dalsgaard S, Funder M, Hagelberg N, Harrison P, Haule C, Kabalimu K, Kilahama F, Kilawe E, Lewis SL, Lovett JC, Lyatuu G, Marshall AR, Meshack C, Miles L, Munishi PKT, Nashanda E, Shirima D, Swetnam RD, Willcock S, Williams A, Zahabu E (2010). Getting ready for REDD+ in Tanzania: progress and challenges. Oryx 44, 339-351
  • Chaigneau T, Ahrends A, Argent J, Riddhiraska N, Marchant R (2010). Moist lower montane rainforest classification: a case study from Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda. African Journal of Ecology 48, 807-815
  • Marchant R (2010). Understanding complexity in savannas: climate, biodiversity and people. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2, 101-108
  • Marchant RFinch J, Kinjanjuyi R, Muiruri VMumbi CPlatts PJRucina S (2010). Palaeoenvironmental perspectives for sustainable development in East Africa. ‌
  • Marshall AR, Jørgensbye HIO, Rovero F, Platts PJ, White PCL, Lovett JC (2010). The species-area relationship and confounding variables in a threatened monkey community. American Journal of Primatology 72, 325-336
  • Platts PJAhrends A, Gereau RE, McClean CJ, Lovett JC, Marshall AR, Pellikka PKE, Mulligan M, Fanning E, Marchant R (2010). Can distribution models help refine inventory-based estimates of conservation priority? A case study in the Eastern Arc forests of Tanzania and Kenya. Diversity and Distributions 16, 628-642
  • Rucina SM, Muiruri VM, Downton L, Marchant R (2010). Late Holocene savanna dynamics in the Amboseli Basin, Kenya. Holocene 20, 667-677
  • Torres AB, Marchant R, Lovett JC, Smart JCR, Tipper R (2010). Analysis of the carbon sequestration costs of afforestation and reforestation agroforestry practices and the use of cost curves to evaluate their potential for implementation of climate change mitigation. Ecological Economics 69, 469-477



  • Finch JM, Hill TR (2008). A late quaternary pollen sequence from Mfabeni Peatland, South Africa: reconstructing forest history in Maputaland. Quaternary Research 70, 442-450
  • Marshall AR, Lovett JC, White PCL (2008). Selection of line-transect methods for estimating the density of group-living animals: lessons from the primates. American Journal of Primatology 70, 452-462
  • Mumbi CTMarchant R, Hooghiemstra H, Wooller MJ (2008). Late Quaternary vegetation reconstruction from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Quaternary Research 69, 326-341
  • Platts PJMcClean CJ, Lovett JC, Marchant R (2008). Predicting tree distributions in an East African biodiversity hotspot: model selection, data bias and envelope uncertainty. Ecological Modelling 218, 121-134
  • Topp-Jørgensen JE, Marshall AR, Brink H, Pedersen UB (2008). Quantifying the response of tree hyraxes (Dendrohyrax validus) to human disturbance in the Udzungwa Mountains. Tropical Conservation Science 1, 63-74 (PDF , 272kb)
  • Bowkett A, Rovero F, Marshall AR (2007). The use of camera-trap data to model habitat selection by antelope species in the Udzungwa Mountain forests, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 46, 479-487
  • Marchant R (2007). The importance of the Indian Ocean for climate change in East Africa (in Japanese). Ship and Ocean News 13, 282-284
  • Marchant RMumbi C, Behera S, Yamagata T (2007). The Indian Ocean dipole - the unsung driver of climatic variability in East Africa. African Journal of Ecology 45, 4-16 (PDF , 1,165kb)
  • Lovett JC, Marshall AR (2006). Why should we conserve primates? African Journal of Ecology 44, 113-115
  • Lovett JC, Marshall AR, Carr J (2006). Changes in tropical forest vegetation along an altitudinal gradient in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 44, 478-490
  • McClean CJ, Doswald N, Kuper W, Sommer JH, Barnard P, Lovett JC (2006). Potential impacts of climate change on Sub-Saharan African plant priority area selection. Diversity and Distributions 12, 645-655
  • Pearson RG, Thuiller W, Araujo MB, Martinez-Meyer E, Brotons L, McClean C, Miles L, Segurado P, Dawson TP, Lees DC (2006). Model-based uncertainty in species range prediction. Journal of Biogeography 33, 1704-1711
  • Rovero F, Struhsaker TT, Marshall AR, Rynne TA, Pedersen UB, Butynski TM, Ehardt CL, Mtui AS (2006). Abundance of diurnal primates in Mwanihana forest, Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania: a multi-observer comparison of line-transect data. International Journal of Primatology 27, 675-698
  • Termansen M, McClean CJ, Preston CD (2006). The use of genetic algorithms and Bayesian classification to model species distributions. Ecological Modelling 192, 410-424
  • Burgess ND, Brown J, Westaway S, Turpie S, Meshack C, Taplin J, McClean C, Lovett J (2005). Major gaps in the distribution of protected areas for threatened and narrow range Afrotropical plants. Biodiversity and Conservation 14, 1877-1894
  • Marchant R, Behling H (2005). Special issue: Late quaternary tropical ecosystem dynamics. Quaternary Research 64, 283-283
  • Marshall AR, Topp-Jørgensen JE, Brink H, Fanning E (2005). Monkey abundance and social structure in two high elevation forest reserves in the Udzungwa Mountains of Tanzania. International Journal of Primatology 26, 127-145
  • McClean CJ, Lovett JC, Küper W, Hannah L, Sommer JH, Barthlott W, Termansen M, Smith GF, Tokumine S, Taplin JRD (2005). African Plant Diversity and Climate Change. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92, 139-152