Current Project Past Projects


Current Projects

Refugia of Futures Past

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Current research suggests that society may not meet Paris Agreement climate mitigation goals to keep global temperature rise below 1.5-2.0 oC, and global biodiversity losses are at accelerated rates similar to the ‘big five’ mass extinctions in the fossil record. The aim of this project is to initiate a long-term interdisciplinary collaboration to explore the baseline conditions for Earth habitability under long-term future global environmental change to influence adaptation research, policy, and practice.

https://www.whiterose.ac.uk/collaborationfunds/refugia-of-futures-past/

KITE partners: Rob Marchant.


Adaptation & Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC)

 

The Vetenskapsrådet (VR, Swedish Research Council) in association with Sida and Formas has funded a multiyear project titled ‘Adaptation & Resilience to Climate Change‘ that runs parallel and has overlapping focal areas to the REAL project (see below). The grant forms part of the VR/Sida/Formas Sustainability and resilience – Tackling climate and environmental change research programme. The project is lead by Paul Lane at Uppsala University and involves Anneli Ekblom (Uppsala University), Linus Munishi (Nelson Mendela African Institute of Science and Technology, Arusha), and Rob Marchant (York).

http://www.real-project.eu/sida-funded-adaptation-resilience-to-climate-change-project/

KITE partners: Rob MarchantColin Courtney MustaphiClaudia CapitaniRebecca Kariuki


Training for Development: East AFrican Growth Corridors and the China to Africa connection (ACACIA)

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The concept of 'development corridors' is increasingly used to support economic growth in Africa, driven by international as well as national interests. Development corridors have tremendous development potential yet they face significant challenges. These include uneven development impacts, traversing so-called "underutilised" lands that are generally already populated and managed, and vulnerability to climate change. Such challenges result in a lack of appropriate research capacity in the region. This proposal aims to addresses these challenges through engagement with decision makers and by developing relevant capacity within research institutions and researchers in eastern Africa, China and the UK. 

http://gtr.rcuk.ac.uk/projects?ref=ES%2FP011500%2F1

KITE partner: Rob Marchant


African Sky Forests (AFRI-Skyfor)

‌More information coming soon.

KITE Partners: Aida Cuni-SanchezRob Marchant


A Human and Environmental History of the Atacama Desert: Understanding Ecological and archaeological interactions in arid areas of South America

Fuel availability can constrain human occupation of desert environments – fuel availability is as important as water, food and building materials. The aim of AHEAD is to reveal the use of fuelwood resources in negotiating human survival in three contrasting desert areas in South America over the long-term; from foraging subsistence societies to colonial mining exploitation.

KITE partners: Delphine Joly and Rob Marchant


LandCover6k

LandCover6k addresses land-cover change across the globe that is climate-induced, natural, AND human-induced due to anthropogenic land use from ca. 1-2 millenia before the start of agriculture. It brings together paleoecologists, historians, archeologists, and modellers to explore and provide new information about anthropogenic land cover change. It aims to create products suitable for climate modellers and climate change policy makers.

KITE partners: Rob MarchantColin Courtney MustaphiOli BolesClaudia CapitaniSuzi Richer


 The Adaptation for Ecosystem Resilience in Africa (AFERIA)

The Adaptation for Ecosystem Resilience in Africa (AFERIA) is a two-year project to disseminate and communicate research results, insights and interactions of climate change and food security developed from a previous research and development project (CHIESA-Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa see below).

Lead partners are: Jimma University, Ethiopia; Pangani Basin Water Board (PBWB), Tanzania; Taita Environmental Research and Resource Arc (TERRA), Kenya; University of York, UK; University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; University of Helsinki, Finland

http://chiesa.icipe.org/index.php/aboutaferia

 KITE partners: Rob MarchantPhilip PlattsClaudia Capitani


World Universities Network (WUN): Resilient Pasts and Sustainable Futures? Designing Socially Significant Scenarios

Sub-Saharan Africa, the poorest region globally and arguably the area with the highest dependence on agriculture and ecosystem services to sustain livelihoods, is characterized by economic growth, rising populations and upward development trajectories—all of which threaten sustainability pledges. Predictive scenarios can be used to define future environmental, social and economic development targets. However, for scenarios to be useful, socially significant and fit within existing governance at local, national and international levels, they need to develop. The working group will develop a position/methods paper and form a critical mass of diverse expertise that will be well-placed to feed into existing projects and actively contribute to developing opportunities in this area.

Participating Universities: The University of LeedsThe University of Western AustraliaThe University of York

WUN+ Partners: University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund; University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; ICIPE, Nairobi; The Met Office Hadley Centre, UK; Oxfam International; Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden; Tanzanian Forest Conservation Group, Tanzania; UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF),Tanzania; World Wildlife Fund (WWF), USA; World Conservation Monitoring Centre.

KITE partner: Rob Marchant

https://wun.ac.uk/wun/research/view/resilient-pasts-and-sustainable-futures-designing-socially-significant-scenarios


Eco regional assessment and mapping of cost effective adaption strategies to the impact of climate change among crop farmers in West Africa

More information coming soon!

KITE partners: Anthony OnyekuruRob Marchant


Northern Thailand Scenarios

More information coming soon!

KITE partner: Rob Marchant


Previous Projects

Archaeology of Agricultural Resilience in Eastern Africa (AAREA)

AAREA was an ERC-funded interdisciplinary research project (PI Daryl Stump) examining the long-term sustainability of two east African agricultural systems (Engaruka in Tanzania and Konso in Ethiopia) through a combination of archaeological, geoarchaeological, archaeobotanical and modelling techniques. In doing so the project aimed to move beyond a focus on these sites to present a frank and realistic appraisal of the role archaeology can play in sustainability debates worldwide, and to actively engage with broader developmental and conservationist agendas by directly liaising with governmental and non-governmental agencies that explicitly or implicitly act upon perceptions of long-term resilience.

Download the Policy Brief produced as part of AAREA.

https://aarea-project.eu/

KITE partners: Rob MarchantSuzi Richer


Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa (CHIESA)

The Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa (CHIESA) was a four-year (2011 to 2015) research and development project aimed at increasing knowledge on the impacts of climate change on ecosystem services in the Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot (EABH). CHIESA was funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, and coordinated by the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe) in Nairobi, Kenya.

Download Policy Briefs produced as part of CHIESA.

http://chiesa.icipe.org/

KITE partners: Rob MarchantClaudia CapitaniPhilip PlattsDereje DenuMathew MpandaDickens Odeny, Peter Omeny


Resilient Eastern African Landscapes (REAL)

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REAL was a Marie Curie Actions Innovative Training Network (ITN), funded by the European Commission. The aim of REAL was to provide a longer-term historical perspective on human-environment interactions to enable future long-term sustainable use of East Africa’s fragile environment and resources.

http://www.real-project.eu/

KITE partners: Rob MarchantColin Courtney MustaphiRebecca KariukiEsther Githumbi


Geospatial assessment of land productivity and climate change in Nigeria

The Nigerian government has over the years tried to combat desertification and deforestation by  encouraging various afforestation and reforestation interventions. Some of the which include: Arid zone afforestation, World Bank Forestry II, Tropical Forestry Action 2 Programme, Nigerian Environmental Management Project, VISION 2010 of the Green Agenda and the Great Green Wall of 2014. This project will assess the impact of these interventions on identified hotspots and also assess the change dynamics of land productivity and climate change. This project is sponsored by the Commonwealth Postdoctoral Fellowship Scheme. 

KITE partners: Esther Makinde and Rob Marchant