Rob Marchant is part of the Sciencific Leadership Council for the Mountain Research Initiative (MRI).MRI is a non-profit organization that promotes global change research in mountain regions across borders and disciplines through connection, communication, and collaboration – with a view to supporting pathways towards sustainable mountain development.
Supported by the GCRF and working with the Universities of Exeter and Ghana we are researching how plastics breakdown in the environment, become part of the sediments as nano particles and then pass into the marine food-chain, ultimately bioaccumulating in fish for human consumption. The project is a pilot phase to initiate a long-term interdisciplinary collaboration with the Environmental Protection Agency of Ghana ad the Fisheries Minstry from Nigeria to develop more sustainable future fishereries and pathways for waste plastic management.
Supported by the GCRF and led by Prof Henrice Altink at the University of York we are researching the social and environmental impacts of small scalle gold mining in Ghana. The team is comprised of historians, linguists social and environmental scientists from Ghana and York to understand the past, present and future interactions between people, the environment and mining. The project is a pilot phase supported by GCRF-QR funding to initiate a long-term interdisciplinary collaboration between the Universites of Ghana and York that aims to develop an evidence base for environmental, social and health interactions of un-regulated gold mining.
Current research suggests that society may not meet Paris Agreement climate mitigation goals to keep global temperature rise below 1.5-2.0 oC, and global biodiversity losses are at accelerated rates similar to the ‘big five’ mass extinctions in the fossil record. The aim of this project is to initiate a long-term interdisciplinary collaboration to explore the baseline conditions for Earth habitability under long-term future global environmental change to influence adaptation research, policy, and practice.
KITE partners: Rob Marchant.
The Vetenskapsrådet (VR, Swedish Research Council) in association with Sida and Formas has funded a multiyear project titled ‘Adaptation & Resilience to Climate Change‘ that runs parallel and has overlapping focal areas to the REAL project (see below). The grant forms part of the VR/Sida/Formas Sustainability and resilience – Tackling climate and environmental change research programme. The project is lead by Paul Lane at Uppsala University and involves Anneli Ekblom (Uppsala University), Linus Munishi (Nelson Mendela African Institute of Science and Technology, Arusha), and Rob Marchant (York).
The concept of 'development corridors' is increasingly used to support economic growth in Africa, driven by international as well as national interests. Development corridors have tremendous development potential yet they face significant challenges. These include uneven development impacts, traversing so-called "underutilised" lands that are generally already populated and managed, and vulnerability to climate change. Such challenges result in a lack of appropriate research capacity in the region. This proposal aims to addresses these challenges through engagement with decision makers and by developing relevant capacity within research institutions and researchers in eastern Africa, China and the UK.
KITE partner: Rob Marchant
Working across all major equatorial mountains in Africa we are understanding the impacts of climate and land use change on mountain communties and how these different populations are adapting.
Fuel availability can constrain human occupation of desert environments – fuel availability is as important as water, food and building materials. The aim of AHEAD is to reveal the use of fuelwood resources in negotiating human survival in three contrasting desert areas in South America over the long-term; from foraging subsistence societies to colonial mining exploitation.
KITE partners: Delphine Joly and Rob Marchant
LandCover6k addresses land-cover change across the globe that is climate-induced, natural, AND human-induced due to anthropogenic land use from ca. 1-2 millenia before the start of agriculture. It brings together paleoecologists, historians, archeologists, and modellers to explore and provide new information about anthropogenic land cover change. It aims to create products suitable for climate modellers and climate change policy makers.
The Adaptation for Ecosystem Resilience in Africa (AFERIA) is a two-year project to disseminate and communicate research results, insights and interactions of climate change and food security developed from a previous research and development project (CHIESA-Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa see below).
Lead partners are: Jimma University, Ethiopia; Pangani Basin Water Board (PBWB), Tanzania; Taita Environmental Research and Resource Arc (TERRA), Kenya; University of York, UK; University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; University of Helsinki, Finland
Sub-Saharan Africa, the poorest region globally and arguably the area with the highest dependence on agriculture and ecosystem services to sustain livelihoods, is characterized by economic growth, rising populations and upward development trajectories—all of which threaten sustainability pledges. Predictive scenarios can be used to define future environmental, social and economic development targets. However, for scenarios to be useful, socially significant and fit within existing governance at local, national and international levels, they need to develop. The working group will develop a position/methods paper and form a critical mass of diverse expertise that will be well-placed to feed into existing projects and actively contribute to developing opportunities in this area.
WUN+ Partners: University of Copenhagen, Denmark; Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund; University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; ICIPE, Nairobi; The Met Office Hadley Centre, UK; Oxfam International; Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden; Tanzanian Forest Conservation Group, Tanzania; UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF),Tanzania; World Wildlife Fund (WWF), USA; World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
KITE partner: Rob Marchant
Supported by BBSRC and working with Dr Anthony Onyakuru from the University of Lagos we have been looking at the economic costs of climate change on agricultural communities across Nigera. The project has particularly looking at the costs of adapation to increased climatic variability across the region
Working with the University of Chaing Mai on a project led by Dr Richard Friend under support of the GCRF we are looking at the role large multinational organisations in driving land use change in northern Thailand, particulary the extension of maize farming and the creating of smoke.
KITE partner: Rob Marchant
AAREA was an ERC-funded interdisciplinary research project (PI Daryl Stump) examining the long-term sustainability of two east African agricultural systems (Engaruka in Tanzania and Konso in Ethiopia) through a combination of archaeological, geoarchaeological, archaeobotanical and modelling techniques. In doing so the project aimed to move beyond a focus on these sites to present a frank and realistic appraisal of the role archaeology can play in sustainability debates worldwide, and to actively engage with broader developmental and conservationist agendas by directly liaising with governmental and non-governmental agencies that explicitly or implicitly act upon perceptions of long-term resilience.
Download the Policy Brief produced as part of AAREA.
The Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystem Services and Food Security in Eastern Africa (CHIESA) was a four-year (2011 to 2015) research and development project aimed at increasing knowledge on the impacts of climate change on ecosystem services in the Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot (EABH). CHIESA was funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, and coordinated by the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe) in Nairobi, Kenya.
Download Policy Briefs produced as part of CHIESA.
REAL was a Marie Curie Actions Innovative Training Network (ITN), funded by the European Commission. The aim of REAL was to provide a longer-term historical perspective on human-environment interactions to enable future long-term sustainable use of East Africa’s fragile environment and resources.
The Nigerian government has over the years tried to combat desertification and deforestation by encouraging various afforestation and reforestation interventions. Some of the which include: Arid zone afforestation, World Bank Forestry II, Tropical Forestry Action 2 Programme, Nigerian Environmental Management Project, VISION 2010 of the Green Agenda and the Great Green Wall of 2014. This project will assess the impact of these interventions on identified hotspots and also assess the change dynamics of land productivity and climate change. This project is sponsored by the Commonwealth Postdoctoral Fellowship Scheme.
KITE partners: Esther Makinde and Rob Marchant