Previously funded research and publications are listed below by research cluster.
As the UK comes to terms with the devastating aftermath of the global financial crisis, and bankers’ conduct during this time comes under the ‘spotlight’, this monograph project of Sarah Wilson's looked at the occurrence of financial white collar crime in Britain since 1850, focusing particularly on the way that British society responded to this “crime of ambivalence” (Aubert 1952), and what the lasting implications of these attitudinal patterns might be.
Funded by the ESRC, this interdisciplinary project involved Caroline Hunter, YLS, Jo Bretherton, Centre for Housing Policy, University of York and Sarah Johnsen, Herriot Watt University. It explored how local authority officers understand and use different medical evidence when making decisions whether applicants are vulnerable for the purposes of the Housing Act 1996, Part 7. The overall aim of the study was to provide a rigorous, theoretically informed account of the basis on which homelessness officers make such decisions. A summary of the research findings is available:
Funded jointly by the UK’s ESRC and the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences, and led by Simon Halliday and Colin Scott of UCD, the project explored the management of liability risks by public authorities and considered their significance for public service delivery. It used the delivery of road maintenance services as its case study and compared practices in Ireland and Scotland. See Halliday, S, Ilan, J and Scott, C ‘The Public Management of Liability Risks’, (2011) Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 31(3) 527-550; and ‘Street-Level Tort Law: The Bureaucratic Justice of Liability Decision-Making’ (2012) Modern Law Review 75(3), pp. 647-67
Led by Laurence Etherington and Stuart Bell, this project explored liability issues arising from the management of historically contaminated sediments in and around the UK’s ports and harbours, together with the application of the Polluter Pays Principle in this context. This was part of a larger project (conducted with a team of experts from government and other disciplines) funded by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Crown Estate: Developing a UK Strategy for Managing Contaminated Marine Sediments. The Marine Management Organisation is producing guidance to assist in the implementation of the decision framework.
Kathryn Wright with Hussein Kassim, Political Science, University of East Anglia, undertook this interdisciplinary ESRC-funded project which investigated the evolution of reforms in EU competition policy through empirical research involving elite interviews with EU and national civil servants. A second strand of the project explored the origins, role and operation of the European Competition Network, challenging the conventional wisdom about European networks in other policy areas
There were three publications from The Reform of the EU Competition Policy and the European Competition Network project:
Conference paper for the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Standing Group on Regulatory Governance, Dublin, June 2010 Read paper.
Centre for Competition Policy research bulletin article issue May 2010, pp. 6-7 Read article.
'Bringing Regulatory Processes Back In: The Reform of EU Antitrust and Merger Control' (2009) 32(4) West European Politics 738-755 Read article.
Jenny Steele was awarded a three year Major Research Fellowship by the Leverhulme Trust. The project produced a conceptual analysis of liability insurance, which is unique in giving as much attention to insurance - and its role in economy and society - as it does to liability. The research reflected on the relationship between law, primarily what is called ‘private’ law, and the needs of the society and economy it serves.
Simon Halliday was part of a team with Stephen Holland (Department of Philosophy) and Sarah Nettleton (Department of Sociology), being led by Celia Kitzinger (Department of Sociology), which was awarded pump priming funding from the University of York's Centre for Chronic Diseases and Disorders. The team explored, from various disciplinary perspectives, decision-making around individuals suffering a chronic disorder of consciousness (including: coma, post-coma unresponsiveness, the vegetative state and the minimally conscious state).
Lorraine Talbot was awarded a two year Research Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust to discover the conditions under which the company may become fit for social purpose. The study examined how corporate legal mechanisms were used to sidestep rather that confront an entrenched recession, while still enabling capital owners to massively increase their personal wealth. It shows how companies have enabled capital to capture the value created by the labour force. This is executed by obfuscating the relationship between capital and labour through the commodification of capital’s claims.
In the recent neoliberal period, marked by substantial crises, this has created a class of the super-rich, the super-poor and a diminishing middle class. The study claims that companies increase economic inequality, assert unwarranted political power and stymy growth and innovation. The study examined these claims through case studies of multinational companies.
The study concluded with developing reforms in respect of companies which have ceased in making sufficient profits but still have a social function. It shows they may continue through devolved ownership to its labour force and why that is morally defensible. In the alternative the study sets out policies on how innovation may be encouraged in companies and how the public can have a direct claim on these progressions.