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News archive 2010: Research stories

A forest elephant. Photo by Nicholas Georgiadis.
Seeing double: Africa's two elephant species

Posted on Wednesday 22 December 2010

Contrary to the popular belief of many scientists and members of the public, new research confirms that Africa has two – not one – species of elephant.

L-R: The Vice-Chancellor of the University of York, Professor Brian Cantor; The Institute’s Director, Professor Howard Wilson; Head of EPSRC’s Physical Sciences Programme, Dr Andrew Bourne.
New research centre aims for major advances in plasma science

Posted on Tuesday 21 December 2010

The University of York and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) have established a partnership to create a world-leading, interdisciplinary plasma research centre.

Detail of 'Hogarth's Studio in 1739' by E.M.Ward, 1863, copyright of York Art Gallery
University of York announces major cultural programme with China

Posted on Monday 6 December 2010

Scholarships, cultural exchange and joint research planned for The Jiangning Foundation

Medication. Photo: Flickr/draconianrain
'Better support for patients needed' to reduce £300 million NHS medicines waste

Posted on Tuesday 23 November 2010

New research published today by the York Health Economics Consortium, based at the University of York, and The School of Pharmacy, University of London, finds that in England in 2009 NHS primary and community care prescription medicines waste cost £300 million.

Children in a classoom. Photo Flickr/dey
International workshop at York on education in emergencies

Posted on Monday 15 November 2010

International scholars will gather this week for a major symposium hosted by the University of York focusing on the role of education in recovery and development of crisis-torn societies.

A child reading. Photo: tiffanywashko
Language intervention provides educational benefits for pre-school children

Posted on Tuesday 2 November 2010

A pre-school language intervention programme can significantly improve the educational lives of children with poorly developed speech and language skills, according to new research by psychologists at the University of York.

Man sleeping. Photo: craigmdennis/flickr
Collecting your thoughts: you can do it in your sleep!

Posted on Tuesday 2 November 2010

It is one thing to learn a new piece of information, such as a new phone number or a new word, but quite another to get your brain to file it away so it is available when you need it.

Tiger with pumpkin. Photo: Helen Philips
Animals 'carve' pumpkins for Hallowe'en

Posted on Friday 29 October 2010

As Hallowe'en approaches, the animals at Flamingo Land Theme Park and Zoo are being given their own pumpkins to 'carve'.

A container ship. Photo: Flickr/jdnx
Emissions from consumption outstrip efficiency savings

Posted on Tuesday 26 October 2010

Emissions from consumption growth have exceeded carbon savings from efficiency improvements in the global supply chain of products consumed in the UK, according to new research by Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) at the University of York and the University of Durham.

Electron-beam lithography systems are widely used by researchers to pattern wires, dots, rings and sophisticated integrated structures on a submicron length scale.
Yorkshire gets £4 million electron lithography facility

Posted on Wednesday 20 October 2010

One of the most high-resolution electron-beam lithography systems in Europe will soon be helping scientists in Yorkshire break new ground in nanotechnology.

The National Gallery. Photo: Flickr/arn77aud
York signs research partnership with the National Gallery

Posted on Tuesday 19 October 2010

Art historians at the University of York announce today a new research agreement with the National Gallery.

Stethoscope (c) Flickr/ernstl
Improving the productivity of the NHS in England

Posted on Thursday 14 October 2010

The NHS could cut expenditure by £3.2billion without reducing the number of patients treated if all parts of the country were as productive as the South West, according to a report published today by the Centre for Health Economics at the University of York.

Angela Baker lost her husband to the blood cancer non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Her fellow 'Calendar Girls', Tricia Stewart and Lynda Logan, attended the plaque unveiling at St James’s University Hospital.
York unveiled as 'Centre of Excellence' in blood cancer research

Posted on Tuesday 12 October 2010

Original WI 'Calendar Girls' Tricia Stewart and Lynda Logan joined researchers and doctors today (Tuesday, 12 October) to help unveil York and Leeds as a 'Yorkshire Centre of Excellence' of the national blood cancer charity Leukaemia & Lymphoma Research.

Oliver asking for more. Drawing by George Cruikshank
A Dickens of an idea conveys research through the senses

Posted on Wednesday 6 October 2010

One of the most memorable scenes in the works of Charles Dickens has helped to inspire a new University of York project that uses the senses to bring research to life.

Neanderthal man. Photo: Stefanie Krull, Neanderthal Museum, Mettmann, Germany
Neanderthals had feelings too, say York researchers

Posted on Tuesday 5 October 2010

Pioneering new research by archaeologists at the University of York suggests that Neanderthals belied their primitive reputation and had a deep seated sense of compassion.

Surgery. Photo: flickr/thinkpanama
Travelling for treatment: the case for and against

Posted on Monday 4 October 2010

Medical tourism is to go under the microscope in a major new study, led by an academic from the University of York, which aims to assess its potential advantages and disadvantages.

The conversion of St. Augustine
Changing faiths in early modern Europe

Posted on Tuesday 28 September 2010

Two University of York scholars are to lead a major investigation into the religious upheavals in 16th and 17th century Europe.

St Faith's Church, Little Witchingham, Norfolk. Photo: Andrea Kirkham, licensed to Christianity and Culture.
Bringing the rich history of parish churches to life at a touch

Posted on Tuesday 21 September 2010

Scholars at the University of York have joined forces with The Churches Conservation Trust (CCT) to use new technology to raise awareness of some of the most historic English churches and how visitors can help save them for the future.

James Lind. The James Lind Alliance Pressure Ulcer Partnership will help researchers to study the treatment and prevention of pressure ulcers to improve the understanding and care of patients.
Partnership gives research voice to pressure ulcer patients

Posted on Wednesday 15 September 2010

A new £1.75 million research project aims to give patients a voice in the search to find the most effective treatment for pressure ulcers.

Flocking starlings. Photo: Flickr/oldbilluk
It takes less than you think to create a starling spectacular

Posted on Wednesday 8 September 2010

Hundreds of starlings flocking at dusk have become a familiar sight in towns and cities across the UK.

Marbled white butterfly (c) Jenny Hodgson
Is organic farming good for wildlife? – It depends on the alternative...

Posted on Monday 6 September 2010

Even though organic methods may increase farm biodiversity, a combination of conventional farming and protected areas could sometimes be a better way to maintain food production and protect wildlife.

Researchers call for greater engagement of older people on climate change issues.
New rules of engagement for older people and climate change

Posted on Thursday 26 August 2010

A new study by researchers in the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) at the University of York calls for better engagement of older people on climate change issues.

Needle. Photo: Flickr/reway2007
Extreme social stigma holds back drug recovery

Posted on Tuesday 24 August 2010

The junk of society – dangerous, unpredictable and, crucially, only having themselves to blame – is how society thinks of drug users and former users, according to a new study by a University of York academic.

An exhaust pipe (Flickr/brotherM)
Researchers say how to reduce UK transport carbon emissions by 76 per cent by 2050

Posted on Monday 16 August 2010

Researchers at the Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York have achieved a significant breakthrough in climate change policy by showing how to make drastic cuts in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from transport.

Barley field. Photo: Flickr/net_efekt
Gene discovery could help to boost crop yields

Posted on Thursday 12 August 2010

A discovery by scientists at the University of York of a vital feature of a plant's temperature sensing and growth mechanism could help to increase yields from crops.

Star Carr Yorkshire Mesolithic hunters and fishers in temporary camp. From an original drawing by Alan Sorrell.
Stone Age remains are Britain's earliest house

Posted on Tuesday 10 August 2010

Archaeologists working on Stone Age remains at a site in North Yorkshire say it contains Britain's earliest surviving house.

Illustration: City of London, London Metropolitan Archives, Custumal 12 (Liber Albus), folio 60r, the first page of the Inspeximus  of Henry IV confirming royal grants to the City of London, written by the scribe Richard Frampton and with red marginal annotations by Richard Osbarn.  Photograph by L.R.Mooney. Reproduced with permission of London Metropolitan Archives.
London Guildhall: cradle of English Literature

Posted on Monday 9 August 2010

Two University of York researchers have found evidence that the London Guildhall served as the cradle of English Literature in the late Middle Ages.

Researchers visited forests at varying distances up to 220 km from Tanzania’s largest city, Dar es Salaam, in 1991 and again in 2005, tracking the trees that remained. Photo: Flickr/aj82
Scientists show exploitation of tropical forests near growing cities is like 'over-fishing'

Posted on Tuesday 3 August 2010

A new study by an international team of scientists has demonstrated that the exploitation of tropical forests is similar to ‘over-fishing’ in the world’s oceans.

Safeguarding Young People found that the needs of 11-17 year olds were not always met by child protection processes which are more geared to protecting younger children. Photo: Flickr/Leonrw
New research highlights child protection needs of older children

Posted on Wednesday 21 July 2010

A new approach to child protection for older children is urgently needed in order to ensure their safeguarding, according to a three year study, published today by The Children's Society, the NSPCC and the University of York and funded by the Big Lottery.

The study demonstrates the long term cost of rising levels of youth unemployment associated with young people between the ages of 16 and 18 who are not in education, employment or training (NEET). Photo: Flickr/_saturnine
Public spending to rise if youth projects are cut, says research

Posted on Wednesday 21 July 2010

Cutting spending on youth support could be a false economy, according to new research by academics at the University of York.

Two images of extra-radical mycelium of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF). Left image shows AMF hyphae around a root while the right image shows massive hyphal proliferation in a patch of organic matter at the same time point. Image by Angela Hodge.
Scientists uncover fungi's role in the cycle of life

Posted on Wednesday 14 July 2010

The nitrogen cycle is the natural process that makes nitrogen available to all organisms on earth. Scientists at the University of York have discovered that one of the world’s most common and ecologically important groups of fungi plays an unsuspected role in this key natural cycle.

A computer-generated image of how the Church of Holy Trinity, Micklegate, York looked in 1450
New technology unlocks the history of our parish churches

Posted on Thursday 8 July 2010

To walk through a parish church is to walk through the history of England, and now new technology is making that journey available to all.

Imaging the migration of the thymus gland
Scientists take new step to understanding cell migration

Posted on Tuesday 6 July 2010

Research led by a scientist at the University of York and Hull York Medical School (HYMS) has thrown new light on the way organs migrate during development in the body.

Professors Simon Duckett and Gary Green
New scanning technology developed in £7m research centre

Posted on Thursday 1 July 2010

The development of a new magnetic resonance imaging technology that could revolutionise the way medical conditions are diagnosed and treated is to take a major step forward as a £7m research centre is established at the University of York.

Professor Robert Edwards
New joint research appointment for plant scientist

Posted on Tuesday 29 June 2010

A leading plant scientist is to take up the joint appointment of a Chair in Crop Protection in the Centre for Novel Agricultural Products (CNAP) in the Department of Biology at the University of York and Chief Scientist in the Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera).

Afghanistan. Photo: flickr/pthread1981
Major study spotlights Gulf states' humanitarian aid

Posted on Thursday 24 June 2010

Researchers at the University of York have completed the first detailed study into the role of Arab Gulf states in providing humanitarian assistance to countries affected by conflict.

Dan Snow
Cameras roll as Dan Snow praises York research institute

Posted on Wednesday 23 June 2010

Historian and broadcaster, Dan Snow, has gone on film to promote the 'brilliant' work of the University of York's Institute for the Public Understanding of the Past (IPUP).

LCD screen photo: garrett-k
LCD television waste ‘could help prevent bacterial infections’

Posted on Friday 18 June 2010

The fastest growing waste in the EU could soon be helping to combat hospital infections, according to scientists at the University of York.

V&A Museum (flickr/loscuadernosdejulia)
University launches new partnership with the V&A

Posted on Thursday 17 June 2010

Art historians at the University of York will work with experts at one of the world’s leading museums in a major new research partnership.

A homeless man (Flickr/tjuk1980)
UK’s largest ever poverty and social exclusion research project

Posted on Thursday 27 May 2010

Academics from the University of York are part of a high-powered team that will carry out the largest ever research project on Poverty and Social Exclusion in the United Kingdom which is launched today.

A shoal of fish (pixofstuff/Flickr)
Better synchronization helps fish deal with predator threat

Posted on Wednesday 26 May 2010

Fish alter their movements when under threat from predators to keep closer together and to help them to blend into the crowd, according to new research headed by scientists at the University of York.

The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, one of the leading galleries offering PhD studentships with the University of York (tderego/Flickr)
Studentships with leading galleries offered by the University of York

Posted on Monday 24 May 2010

Leading galleries are partnering with the University of York to offer three PhD students the opportunity to work with major collections.

Professor Sue Hartley
Leading ecologist to head new environmental research centre

Posted on Thursday 13 May 2010

A leading ecologist has been appointed to head a major new inter-disciplinary environmental research centre at the University of York.

Mammoth (TylerIngram/Flickr)
Mammoth DNA reveals natural selection clues

Posted on Wednesday 5 May 2010

A molecular biologist at the University of York has used the DNA of the woolly mammoth in new research that has added an important new dimension in the study of natural selection.

Fishermen at work in 1910
Fishing fleet working 17 times harder than in 1880s to make same catch

Posted on Tuesday 4 May 2010

The UK trawl fishing fleet has to work 17 times harder to catch the same amount of fish today as it did when most of its boats were powered by sail, according to new research.

Jenny Southgate and Simon Baker
York scientists win $300,000 to break new ground with bladder research award

Posted on Friday 23 April 2010

Two scientists from the University of York have won a major cash award from a European foundation to further their research to identify new treatments for bladder disease.

Microwave equipment in the Green Chemistry lab
New laboratory to help chemical revolution

Posted on Monday 19 April 2010

A major new suite of laboratories, to be opened this week, will help scientists in the Green Chemistry group at the University of York to advance research into clean synthesis, catalysis, novel materials and the application of renewable resources.

Nanoscience is among areas of research being discussed in Zhejiang
Joint seminars to address global challenges

Posted on Tuesday 13 April 2010

The University of York and Zhejiang University in China are taking part in two days of joint seminars that focus on some of the research strengths they share.

Tsetse fly (flickr/kibuyu)
New drugs hope to fight neglected tropical disease

Posted on Wednesday 31 March 2010

Scientists at the University of York, working with research colleagues in Dundee and Toronto, have made a breakthrough in identifying new treatments for a parasitic disease which proves fatal for tens of thousands of Africans each year.

US Flag (flickr/crazyemt)
Fulbright scholarships to foster transatlantic research links

Posted on Wednesday 31 March 2010

Two new scholarships have been launched to help foster closer research links between the University of York and the United States.

Monsoon (flickr/Eileen Delhi)
Monsoon raises pollution to new heights

Posted on Thursday 25 March 2010

Scientists at the University of York have played a key role in new international research which demonstrates how one of the world’s great natural phenomena is helping to increase pollution in the upper atmosphere.

Cigarette (flickr/lanier67)
Counting the cost of passive smoking in children

Posted on Wednesday 24 March 2010

Treating children made ill by passive smoking costs the National Health Service more than £23m a year, according to figures produced by researchers at the University of York.

A carpet tile
York researchers solve the sticky problem with carpet tiles

Posted on Thursday 18 March 2010

A new adhesive for use in carpet tiles which has been developed at the University of York could help dramatically reduce their impact on the environment.

A baby dancing - Flickr/JessandColin
New research shows babies are born to dance

Posted on Tuesday 16 March 2010

Researchers have discovered that infants respond to the rhythm and tempo of music and find it more engaging than speech.

Image of branching blood vessels
Research identifies potential new use for cancer treatment

Posted on Tuesday 16 March 2010

Drugs increasingly used to treat cancer could have a major impact on a wide range of infectious diseases, according to new research.

A pupil conducting a science experiment
Analysing the work of the National STEM Centre

Posted on Friday 12 March 2010

The success of a new centre aimed at raising the profile of science, technology, engineering and maths in schools will be assessed by University of York researchers.

Image of T cells in a granuloma
Imaging technique sheds light on hidden world of inflammation

Posted on Friday 12 March 2010

New understanding of the way the body reacts to infection through the work of scientists at the University of York and the Hull York Medical School will help improve vaccines, drugs and the use of computer modelling in medical research.

Gribbles
Seafarers’ scourge provides hope for biofuel future

Posted on Monday 8 March 2010

For centuries, seafarers were plagued by wood-eating gribble that destroyed their ships, and these creatures continue to wreak damage on wooden piers and docks in coastal communities.

Mother and daughter
Mothers and daughters throw light on social changes in UK and HK

Posted on Monday 8 March 2010

Social scientists at the universities of York and Hong Kong are working on a new study examining how women’s lives have changed in the UK and the former colony. The research is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (UK) and the Research Grants Council (Hong Kong).

A pea aphid
Genome of crop pest reveals nature of a complex symbiosis

Posted on Wednesday 24 February 2010

New research involving scientists at the University of York into the genome sequence of a major feed pest provides an unprecedented opportunity both to understand its biology and to help to develop biological methods of control.

Udzungwa Red Colobus Monkey. Photo: Dr Andrew Marshall
Understanding the threat to monkey numbers from forest decline

Posted on Thursday 18 February 2010

Monkey populations in threatened forests are far more sensitive to damage to their habitat than previously thought, according to new research.

Traffic jam in Nairobi. Picture by Flickr/Rogiro.
Tackling transport and environment in Africa

Posted on Thursday 11 February 2010

Researchers at the University of York are leading an international effort to tackle problems such as traffic congestion, air pollution and road safety in Africa.

A Painted Lady butterfly
Migrating insects fly in the fast lane

Posted on Friday 5 February 2010

A study involving researchers at the University of York sheds new light on the flight behaviours that enable insects to undertake long-distance migrations, and highlights the remarkable abilities of these insect migrants.

Image of brain scan taken during acupuncture
York study maps the effects of acupuncture on the brain

Posted on Thursday 4 February 2010

Important new research about the effects of acupuncture on the brain may provide an understanding of the complex mechanisms of acupuncture and could lead to a wider acceptability of the treatment.

Theo van Doesburg, Simultaneous Counter-Composition 1929-30. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Reproduced with permission of Tate Modern.
York art historian’s new light on the international avant-garde

Posted on Wednesday 3 February 2010

An art historian at the University of York has a key role in the first major exhibition in the UK on the Dutch avant-garde artist, Theo van Doesburg.

Female plant-eating insects such as caterpillars have evolved to lay eggs on hosts on which their offspring fare best
Insect study shows mothers know best

Posted on Friday 29 January 2010

The old maxim 'mother knows best' has more than a grain of truth, a study of insects' maternal instincts has revealed.

Young people who felt that their family got along well had much higher average levels of well-being than those who did not. Photo: Flickr/Renfield
Family conflict 'significantly harms children's happiness'

Posted on Wednesday 27 January 2010

Children’s well-being is more strongly influenced by levels of family conflict than by family structure, according to new research by the University of York and The Children’s Society into what makes young people happy.

Work in York Structural Biology Lab
Insulin research points way to better diabetes treatments

Posted on Tuesday 26 January 2010

New research that significantly improves our understanding of how insulin interacts with cells in the human body is published today.

Stethoscope (c) Flickr/ernstl
The NHS and the cost-benefit dilemma

Posted on Monday 25 January 2010

New research by health economists at the University of York has raised concerns over any move to broaden the range of costs and economic benefits considered in the analysis of new NHS treatments.

Taken from The Art Journal Illustrated Catalogue: the industry of all nations, 1851.
Research to inspire new interest in Victorian sculpture

Posted on Thursday 21 January 2010

A major new research project will provide a fresh perspective on the rich artistic culture of Victorian Britain.

A researcher inspects young Artemisia plants growing in culture at the University of York. Photo: John Houlihan
New genetic map will speed up plant breeding of the world's most important medicinal crop

Posted on Thursday 14 January 2010

Plant scientists at the University of York have published the first genetic map of the medicinal herb Artemisia annua.

Stonehenge. Photo: Wessex Archaeology
Uncovering the secrets of Stonehenge with new research

Posted on Wednesday 6 January 2010

A new research project that promises to significantly improve our understanding of Stonehenge is going ahead after receiving an £800,000 grant.

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