With effective HIV treatment, people living with HIV (PLWH) can have a near-normal life expectancy. However, many PLWH smoke with the smoking prevalence among PLWH being much higher than in the general population. PLWH who smoke are twice as likely to die prematurely as non-smoking PLWH even when receiving effective HIV treatment. Unfortunately, smoking cessation interventions that are effective in general population smokers are not effective in helping PLWH who smoke to quit. There is a pressing need to understand PLWH’s smoking behaviour including its determinants, and on this basis, develop smoking cessation interventions that are tailored to their needs.
The main objective of the study is to investigate the smoking behaviour and factors associated with current smoking status among PLWH who are in HIV care so as to inform the design of innovative and effective PLWH focused smoking cessation interventions that are implementable and scalable in Uganda.
The study will address the following specific objectives:
|Funder:||Wellcome Trust / Centre for Future Health at the University of York|
|Start Date||December 2018|
|End Date||September 2019