Harriet Over
Anniversary Research Lecturer

Profile

Biography

  • 2013- Anniversary Research Lecturer, University of York
  • 2009 – 2013 Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig
  • 2006 – 2009 PhD, Developmental Psychology, University of Cardiff
  • 2005 – 2006 MSc, Social Science Research Methods, University of Cardiff
  • 2004 – 2005 Postgraduate Diploma in Psychology, University of Cardiff
  • 2000 – 2003 BA History and Politics, University of Sheffield

Research

Overview

The overarching goal of my research is to provide a social psychological perspective on cultural transmission.  I am interested in how human unique forms of culture emerge and, in consequence, where differences between cultural groups come from.  In order to investigate these questions, my collaborators and I conduct research into social learning and social motivation in infants, young children and adults.

Projects

  • Social imitation:  I am interested in the motivations and preferences that underlie children’s tendency to copy other people.  In this work, I explore how children use imitation as a means by which to affiliate with those around them and form long lasting bonds with their group members.

  • Social motivation: I explore children’s sensitivity to social exclusion, as well as the types of strategies they use to avoid exclusion from the group.  In recent work, I have been investigating cross-cultural differences in these social motivations in children and adults.

  • Intergroup cognition and behaviour:  I conduct research into how children respond to members of their own group relative to members of other groups, as well as into the types of expectations they have about social groups. 

Grants

I currently hold an ESRC Future Research Leaders grant.

Collaborators

  • Malinda Carpenter, University of St. Andrews
  • Yarrow Dunham, Yale University
  • Steven Tipper, University of York
  • Michael Tomasello, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
  • Ayse Uskul, University of Kent

Publications

Selected publications

  • McLoughlin, N., Tipper, S., & Over, H. (in press). Young children perceive less humanness in outgroup faces. Developmental Science.
  • Over, H. (2016).The origins of belonging: Social motivation in infants and young children. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371, 1-8.
  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2009). Eighteen-month-old infants show increased helping following priming with affiliation.  Psychological Science, 20, 1189-1193.
  • Over, H., & Uskul, A. (2016). Culture moderates children’s responses to ostracism situations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110, 710-724.
  • Ploetner, M., Over, H., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2015). Young children show the bystander effect in helping situations.  Psychological Science, 26, 499-506.

Full publications list

2017 and in press

  • McLoughlin, N., Tipper, S., & Over, H. (in press). Young children perceive less humanness in outgroup faces. Developmental Science.
  • Uskul, A.K. & Over, H. (in press). Culture, social interdependence and ostracism. Current Directions in Psychological Science.  
  • Steinbeis, N., & Over, H. (in press). Priming behavioural control encourages helping in childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.
  • White, L.O., Klein, A.M., Graneist, A., von Klitzing, K., Hill, J., Over, H., & Crowley, M. (in press). Narrating ostracism away? Preschoolers tell more affiliative and mentalistic stories after exclusion. Frontiers in Psychology.

2016

  • Catmur, C., Cross, E.S., & Over, H. (2016). Understanding self and others: From origins to disorders.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371.
  • Misch, A., Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2016).  I won’t tell: Young children show loyalty to their group by keeping group secrets.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 142, 96-106.
  • Oostenbroek, J., & Over, H. (2016). The cultural transmission of social information. in S. S. Obhi and E.S. Cross (Eds.) Shared representations: Sensorimotor foundations of social life.  Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp 136-151.
  • Over, H. (2016).The origins of belonging: Social motivation in infants and young children. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371, 1-8.
  • Over, H. & Over, D.E. (2016). Deontic reasoning and social norms: Broader implications. In N. Galbraith, E. Lucas, & D.E. Over (Eds.) The thinking mind: The use of thinking in everyday life. Hove, UK: Psychology Press, pp 54-66.
  • Over, H., & Uskul, A. (2016). Culture moderates children’s responses to ostracism situations.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110, 710-724.
  • Over, H., Vaish, A., & Tomasello, M. (2016). Do young children accept collective responsibility for the negative actions of ingroup members? Cognitive Development, 40, 24-32.
  • Pawling, R., Kirkham, A., Tipper, S.P, & Over, H. (2016). Memory for incidentally perceived social cues: Effects on person perception. British Journal of Psychology, 108, 169-190.  
  • Ploetner, M., Over, H., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2016). What is a group? Young children’s perceptions of different types of groups and group entitativity. PLOSONE, 11, 1-14.
  • Richter, N., Over, H., & Dunham, Y. (2016). The effects of minimal group membership on three-year-olds’ social preferences, estimates of similarity and behavioural attribution. Collabra, 2, 1-8.
  • Song, R., Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2016).  Young children discriminate genuine from fake smiles and expect people displaying genuine smiles to be more prosocial. Evolution and Human Behavior, 37, 490-501.

2015

  • Oostenbroek, J., & Over, H. (2015). Young children contrast their behaviour to that of outgroup members. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 139, 234-241.
  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2015). Children infer friendship and status relations from watching others imitate. Developmental Science, 18, 917-925.
  • Ploetner, M., Over, H., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2015). Young children show the bystander effect in helping situations.  Psychological Science, 26, 499-506 .
  • Ploetner, M., Over, H., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2015). The effects of collaboration and group membership on prosocial behaviour, liking, affiliation and trust.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 139, 161-173.
  • Song, R., Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2015). Children draw more affiliative pictures following priming with ostracism.  Developmental Psychology, 51, 831-840.

2014

  • Beier, J.S., Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2014). Young children help others to achieve their social goals.  Developmental Psychology, 50, 934-940.
  • Buttelmann, D., Over, H., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2014). Eighteen-month-olds understand false belief in an unexpected-contents task. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 119, 120-126.
  • Misch, A., Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2014). Young children’s understanding of loyalty to the group.  Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 126, 19-36.
  • Uskul, A., & Over, H. (2014). Responses to social exclusion in cultural context: Evidence from farming and herding communities. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 106, 752-771. 

2013

  • Engelmann, J., Over, H., Herrmann, E., & Tomasello, M. (2013).  Young children care more about their reputation with ingroup members and possible reciprocators. Developmental Science, 16, 952-958.
  • Haun, D.B.M., & Over, H., (2013). Like me: A homophily-based account of human culture. In P.J. Richerson, and M. Christiansen, (Eds). Cultural evolution. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2013).  The social side of imitation.  Child Development Perspectives, 7, 6-11.
  • Over, H., Carpenter, M., Spears, R., & Gattis, M. (2013). Children selectively trust individuals who have imitated them. Social Development, 22, 215-224.

2012 and earlier 

  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2012).  Putting the social into social learning: Explaining both selectivity and fidelity in children’s copying behaviour.  Journal of Comparative Psychology, 126, 182-192.
  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2012). Imitative learning in humans and animals in N. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the sciences of learning (pp. 1499-1501). Springer.
  • Tennie, C., & Over, H. (2012). Cultural intelligence is key to explaining human tool use. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35, 242-243.
  • Over, H., & Gattis, M. (2010). Verbal imitation is based on intention understanding. Cognitive Development, 25, 46-55.
  • Holcombe, A.O., Altschuler, E.L., & Over, H. (2009). A developmental theory of synaesthesia, with long historical roots. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 26 (2), 227-229. 
  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2009).Eighteen-month-old infants show increased helping following priming with affiliation.  Psychological Science, 20, 1189-1193.
  • Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2009).  Priming third-party ostracism increases affiliative imitation in children.  Developmental Science, 12, F1-F8.

Harriet_Over_004

Contact details

Dr Harriet Over
Anniversary Research Lecturer
Department of Psychology
Room PS/C103

Tel: 01904 322906