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Dr Susan Forde
Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow



Susan completed her PhD in War and Peace at Liverpool Hope University where she lectured in International Relations and was part of the steering committee of The Archbishop Desmond Tutu Centre for War and Peace Studies.

She has published on local peace, conflict transformation, the use of post-conflict divided space, and mapping as a methodology, in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina and also Cape Town, South Africa.

Susan has a monograph published with Palgrave Macmillan and has published in Cooperation and Conflict, and The Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. 



The Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellowship was awarded for Dr. Forde's research project: Spatial agency, and spaces of peace and conflict in Cape Town, South Africa. The research project will focus on the experiences of youth (16-35-year-olds) in the city through three key areas, experiences of community spaces, expectations of experiences shaped by community spaces, and hope or plans for community space. 
Dr Forde has wider research experience in the area of post-conflict studies and divided cities, with research previously conducted in Mostar, Bosnia, and Herzegovina and Belfast, Northern Ireland. Related research experience and interests include space and place, peace and conflict, mapping as a methodology, street art, participatory research, creative methodologies, sport as a form of peacebuilding. 


Selected publications

Articles in peer-reviewed journals

Forde, S. (2022) The violence of space and spaces of violence: Peace as violence in unequal and divided spaces. Political Geography. 
Forde, S., Kappler, S & Björkdahl, A (2021). Peacebuilding, Structural Violence & Spatial Reparations in Post-Colonial South Africa. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding
Forde, S. (2020) From Lion's Head to MuizenbergThe Journal of Narrative Politics. Vol. 6. No. 2

Forde, S. (2019) Socio-spatial agency and positive peace in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Space and Polity. 

Forde, Susan (2018) Cartographies of Transformation in Mostar and Cape Town: Mapping as Methodology in Divided Cities Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding 

Forde, Susan (2016) The bridge on the Neretva: Stari Most as a stage of memory in post-conflict Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina.  Cooperation and Conflict 51 (4), 467-483 

Book chapters

Forde, S. (2020) Human Geography and Peacebuilding, in The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies (editors Richmond, O. and Visoka, G.). Palgrave Macmillan. 

Forde, Susan and Stefanie Kappler (2014) “Connecting the Local and the Global - Understanding International Relations through Global Networks”, in Kishor Vaidya (ed.) International Relations and Diplomacy for the Curious: Why Study International Relations and Diplomacy, Curious Academic Publishing.


Forde, Susan (2018) Movement as Conflict Transformation, Rescripting Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina.  Re-thinking Peace and Conflict Studies. Palgrave Macmillan.

Online Articles

Forde, S. (2020) “Social Justice Where Transitional Justice Failed: Universal Basic Income in South Africa and Spatial Considerations of Service Delivery” Antipode Interventions.

Forde, S. (2019) Gender-based violence, gang violence and military deployment in Cape Town. Africa at LSE. 


Susan Forde image

Contact details

Dr Susan Forde
Department of Politics and International Relations
University of York
YO10 5DD

Feedback and Guidance hours, (Autumn term)  research leave