This research programme aims to enhance two of the most richly characterised population based resources in the research area of early life course and inter-generational influences on the aetiology of mental disorder. Our focus reflects evidence from cohort studies, highlighted in the MRC Strategy for Lifelong Mental Health Research, suggesting that at least 75% of mental disorders are determined by factors acting before the age of 18 years. Considerations of statistical power and external validity mean that many questions on the epidemiology of mental disorder require multi-cohort resources. In addition to enhancement of the mental health capabilities of these premier cohort resources individually, we will also build the foundation of a future multi-cohort platform for mental health research.
CaP:MH aims to address the following challenges:
This will be achieved through the following indicative projects:
Project 4 will develop processes for ‘translating’ routinely collected data into usable variables for research. It will provide tools and processes that can be applied to future research using routinely collected mental health data. The project will enhance the existing cohort studies, by ‘translating’ routine data and accelerating progress towards making routinely collected mental health data accessible for research.
The work will be divided into 4 workpackages (WP):
WP1: Data mapping and pathways - In WP1 we will undertake a thorough mapping exercise of routinely collected mental health data that are linked, will be linked, or could be linked in each of the cohorts. We will map where data are held, who holds it, when it is collected and the kinds of data that are held e.g. Read codes, health care visits, free-text notes, prescriptions, as well as how this has changed over time. This may include interviews with key informants. Analyses of currently held data will inform this work.
WP2: Processes - Qualitative work with health professionals and patients (WP2) will develop our understanding of human factors that are associated with data collection locally. These include decision-making associated with entering data such as whether, and what, data are entered, Read code selection, completion patterns and assumptions made by health professionals or non-health professionals when entering data. As part of this work package we will also review the evidence on human and healthcare factors in mental health medical record keeping in the UK more generally.
WP3: Variable and analysis definition - In WP3 we will characterise the presence and timing of relevant mental health data. We will review the statistical, health service and epidemiological literature for least-bias approaches to classifying and analysing routine health data, with a focus on mental health data. We will then be in a position to develop algorithms that best predict cohort collected measures of ‘caseness’ during pregnancy and postnatally from routine data. Factors associated with unidentified mental illness will be modelled and methods to account for bias in the medical records explored. We will apply our work to characterise mental health in the postnatal period where only routinely collected data are available
WP4: Perinatal mental health analysis - Finally, in WP4 we will apply the understanding generated in WP1 and 2 and variables derived in WP3 to model the relationship between maternal mental ill health and selected child outcomes, and risk and protective factors.
|Funder:||MRC National Institute for Medical Research|
|Start Date:||March 2018|
|Expiry Date:||March 2020