Torksey is widely known as a Viking winter camp from an entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for AD872. A growing body of archaeological evidence offers the potential of placing the site in its broader chronological and spatial context. Previous work has focussed on the pottery industry associated with an Anglo-Scandinavian town or burh. Recent metal detector finds have also suggested Torksey may be an Anglo-Saxon ‘productive site’, implying that Viking occupation must be seen in the context of pre-existing Saxon inhabitation.
The aim of the project is to understand the role and significance of Torksey by plotting the chronological and spatial development of the various centres of activity, which have been tentatively identified through metal detecting. These include a putative Anglo-Saxon riverine ‘beach market’, the Viking winter encampment and wider trading site, the Anglo-Scandinavian burh and the Torksey ware kilns. The project has major implications for wider understanding of the Viking Great Army and its interaction with local populations, the development of Anglo-Saxon burhs, and the evolving nature of trade and industry in the early medieval period, and its connections with power and ideology.
Funding has been provided by the British Academy, the Society of Antiquaries of London, the Universities of Sheffield and York, and the Robert Kiln Trust.
The Viking Torksey project is now being developed through a new four-year project with an expanded focus, entitled: "Tent to Towns: the Viking Great Army and its legacy".
"Viking Torksey: Inside the Great Army's winter camp", by Dawn Hadley and Julian D. Richards, Current Archaeology 281 (2013), 12-19
"The Great Viking Terror", by Julian Richards and Dawn Hadley, BBC History Magazine (Sept 2016), 36-41
Hadley, D.M. and Richards, J.D. “The Winter Camp of the Viking Great Army, AD 872-3, Torksey, Lincolnshire” Antiquaries Journal 96, 2016, 23-67
Hadley, D.M. and Richards, J.D. ‘The Viking winter camp and Anglo-Scandinavian town at Torksey, Lincolnshire – the landscape context’, in V E Turner, O A Owen and D J Waugh (eds), Shetland and the Viking World: Papers from the Seventeenth Viking Congress, Lerwick, 127–39, Shetland Amenities Trust, Lerwick, 2016
Richards, J.D. and Hadley, D.M. Archaeological Evaluation of the Anglo-Saxon and Viking site at Torksey, Lincolnshire
Samantha Stein (2011) Geoarchaeological report from Torksey, Lincolnshire, October-November 2011 University of Sheffield: Sheffield
Samantha Stein (2012) Geoarchaeological report from Torksey, Lincolnshire, July and November 2012 University of Sheffield: Sheffield
Brown, H. (2012) Geophysical Survey at Torksey, Lincolnshire: Magnetometer Survey of Land South of Torksey Castle Department of Archaeology, University of York: University of York
Richards, J.D. (2012) Torksey Test Trench 2012: Report on a Trial Trench Excavated near Torksey, Lincolnshire, 13-16 Dec 2012 Department of Archaeology, University of York: University of York
Brown, H. (2012) Magnetometer survey of land north of Torksey, Lincolnshire Department of Archaeology, University of York: University of York
Perry, Gareth; Stein, Samantha; Young, Jane (2012) Torksey Test-Pits 2011 University of Sheffield, Department of Archaeology: Sheffield.
Diana Mahoney Swales and Gareth Perry (2014) Torksey Evaluation Trench 2013. Report on an Evaluation Trench Excavated near Torksey, Lincolnshire 29 July - 2 August 2013 University of Sheffield: Sheffield
J.D.Richards: "The Viking Great Army at Torksey"
D.M. Hadley: "Viking Winter Camps in England: New Archaeological Evidence"