My research explores how adopting a phenomenological perspective towards chronic fatigue, and unfortunate and poorly understood condition, provides a uniquely rich understanding of its experience, specifically regarding its relationship to experiences of depression. I offer a philosophical examination of the two phenomena, and explore the idea chronic fatigue is generally meaningfully similar to, and perhaps sometimes indistinguishable from, depression. I also explore some of the practical considerations that follow from this analysis, engaging with material from social epistemology in order to demonstrate that better understanding the relationship between chronic fatigue and depression can help to tackle certain injustices experienced by patients.
My research is in metaphysics and the philosophy of mathematics. In many areas of philosophy there are debates between those who postulate abstract objects and nominalists who prefer to postulate only concrete objects. Abstract object theories are attractive because of their explanatory power and their fit with intuition and ordinary language usage. Nominalist theories are attractive because they offer a clear account of epistemology and do not posit mysterious objects. However, nominalist theories often pay for this with a dramatic loss of simplicity, whereas abstract object theories are committed to mysterious objects. I aim to see if postulating a third kind of object, the ‘quasi-abstract’, can help to resolve these debates. Specifically, I want to see if appealing to quasi-abstract objects in the philosophy of mathematics can help us deal with epistemological concerns without sacrificing simplicity and explanatory power, if the project is successful then I believe it can be extended to other areas of debate and bridge gaps between nominalist and abstract object theories.
The aim of my research is to examine the role that ignorance plays in contemporary problems in the metaphysics of consciousness.
Where is Moral Responsibility Located for the Effects of an Autonomous System's Actions?
Supervisor: Steve Holland
Trauma often occurs collectively, in catastrophes such as terror, war, and natural disasters. However, also personal traumata like domestic abuse or the unexpected loss of a loved one do not concern the affected individual alone but have a severe impact on intersubjective and social experience. Many people suffering after traumatic experiences do not only experience flashbacks, amnesia, and dissociation; they often cease to experience others as other subjects that offer possibilities for interaction. The individual’s ability to take the other’s perspective, attune to their physical and mental states, or to have an empathic connection is thereby impacted. I suggest that the intersubjective experience of the traumatised individual is impacted. With my research, I wish to contribute to the discussion of post-traumatic psychopathologies from a principally phenomenological perspective. The main question I pursue is to what extend posttraumatic experience involves a disturbance of intersubjectivity and which implications this view might have. I question whether PTSD is a useful concept in this inquiry.