Peter M. Lee, 24 August 1940 — 10 March 2017
Peter is no longer with us, but his remarkable web pages live on! They are currently maintained by Simon Eveson.
Tony Sudbery's obituary notice
has also appeared in the Guardian, among other places.
Materials for the History of Statistics
Portraits of Statisticians
Life and Work of Statisticians
The Cornell Historic Math Book Collection
Digital Mathematical Library (DML)
e-Resources for the history of Mathematics
Earliest Known Uses
Figures from the History of Probability and Statistics
Insurance and its History
The Jahrbuch Project
Journ@l Electronique d'Histoire des Probabilités
etde la Statistique
Major Texts on the Subject
Oscar Sheynin, Theory of Probability: A Historical Essay
(published by NG Verlag 2005, ISBN 3-938417-15-3)
- Stephen M Stigler, The History of Statistics: The Measurement
of Uncertainty before 1900, Cambridge, MA, and London: Belkap
Press of Harvard University Press 1986.
- Stephen M Stigler, Statistics on the Table: The History of
Statistical Concepts and Methods, Cambridge, MA, and London:
Harvard University Press.
- Anders Hald, A History of Probability and Statistics and their
applications before 1750, New York, etc.: Wiley 1986.
- Anders Hald, A History of Mathematical Statistics from 1750 to
1930, New York, etc.: Wiley 1998.
- Anders Hald, A history of parametric statistical inference from
Bernoulli to Fisher, 1713-1935, New York, etc.: Springer, 2007.
Mac Tutor History of Mathematics Archive
National Cataloguing Unit for the Archives of Contemporary Scientists
New Dictionary of Scientific Biography
Outline History of Game Theory
University of York Examination Papers
University of York Library
Four views of an astragulus:;
Plate 1 from F N David,
Games, Gods and Gambling, London: Griffin 1962
(this picture is on the web at
General Bill of Mortality for the Year
1665; illustrated on p.101 of F N David, Games, Gods and
Gambling, London: Griffin 1962 (this picture is on the web at
- Cubic and Quartic Equations (LaTeX source) or
Cubic and Quartic Equations (pdf file).
Retail Stock Shrinkage; from
"Mastering Management. Applied Statistics" by S Howell,
Financial Times 1996 July 5.
A 5 x 5 Latin square laid out at Bettgelert
Forest in 1929 to study the effect of exposure on Sitka spruce,
Norway spruce, Japaneses larch, Pinus contorta and Beech.
Photograph taken about 1945;
Plate 6 from J F Box, R.A. Fisher: The Life of a Scientist,
New York: Wiley 1978 (this picture is on the web at
Layout of Bettgelert Experiment as gif file;
Layout of Bettgelert Experiment as Word file;
A similar picture occurs as Plate 7 in J F Box, R.A. Fisher:
The Life of a Scientist, New York: Wiley 1978.
- Matrix Derivation of the Sum of
nk (LaTeX source) or
Matrix Derivation of the Sum of
nk (pdf file).
Scene at Gare Montparnasse,
22 October 1895. From front cover of J R Taylor, An
Introduction to Error Analysis, Oxford University Press 1982
for Mill Valley, CA: University Science Books (this picture is on
the web at http://leganerd.com/2010/10/22/incidente-ferroviario-della-stazione-montparnasse/).
on the History of the Normal Law (LaTeX source) or
Information on the History of the Normal
Law (pdf file).
Figures 7, 8 and 9 from F Galton, Natural Inheritance,
London: Macmillan 1889, Chapter V, p.63.
The two-stage quincunx and the law of
reversion from F Galton, "Typical laws of heredity", Nature
15 (1877), 492-495, 512-514 and 532-533 = Proceedings of the
Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 (1877) 282-301,
reprinted in S M Stigler, The History of Statistics:
The Measurement of Uncertainty Before 1900, Cambridge, MA:
Belknap Press of Harvard University Press 1986, Fig. 8.6, p.280.
The 'Pascal' triangle as depicted in A.D. 1303
from the front of Chu Shi-Chieh's Ssu Yuan Yü Chien.
It is entitled `The Old Method Chart of the Seven Multiplying
Squares' and tabulates the binomial coefficients up to the
Reproduced as Fig. 53 on p. 55 of The Shorter Science and
Civilisation in China. An abridgment by Colin A. Ronan of
Joseph Needham's original text. Volume 2: Volume III and a section of
Volume IV, Part I of the major series, Cambridge University Press 1981
(this picture is on the web at
This page is maintained by
Peter M Lee
Revised 5 April 2016