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Dr Enrico Reuter

BSc/MSc Social Sciences (Lille/Münster), PGCAP (York), PhD (Münster)

  • Senior Lecturer in Public and Social Policy
  • ​Associate Dean for Teaching & Learning and Student Experience


Areas of expertise

  • Labour markets and employment policies, in particular self-employment
  • Politics of social policy and democratic theory
  • State theory and public policy
  • Public management and public service reform
  • Social exclusion and vulnerability
  • Critical social theory

Academic biography

I am a Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in Public and Social Policy, teaching students on the Schools's undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in social and public policy as well as in public administration and management, with a particular focus on public services and finance, employment, and social protection. Since the academic year 2022/23, I have been an ​Associate Dean for Teaching & Learning and Student Experience in the School for Business and Society.

My research interests in a broader sense evolve around the conflictual nature of social policies and public services, to analyse the political drivers behind the transformations of welfare systems and to assess how these changes impact on social integration and democratic government.

More specifically, I currently work on two research themes: changes in employment conditions and labour market policies, in particular regarding self-employment; and questions of state capacity and legitimacy, notably with respect to public services.

Before my time at York, I worked briefly as Lecturer and Programme Director at Birkbeck College London and as an Associate Lecturer at the University of Münster. My academic background is in Political Science and Sociology, subjects I studied on a bi-national programme at the Institut d'Etudes politiques in Lille (France) and at the University of Münster (Germany).

PhD supervision interests

  • Labour markets and employment policies
  • Politics of social policy and democratic theory
  • State theory and public policy
  • Public service and welfare reform
  • Social exclusion, poverty and vulnerability
  • British, French and German public policy and politics
  • European social policy
  • Comparative social and public policy
  • Qualitative methods

Professional activities

Research and publications

Current research interests and projects

  • Self-employment, labour market policies and social protection
  • State capacity and legitimacy with regards to public services


Reuter, E. (2023). Asynchronous online learning and teaching: principles of programme design, teaching practice, and study support. In Irving, Z. (Ed.) Teaching Social Policy, International, Comparative and Global Perspectives. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp. 172-186.

Caraher, K. and Reuter, E. (2023). Employment, self-employment and taxation. In Lymer, A., May, M. and Sinfield, A. (Eds.) Taxation and Social Policy. Bristol: Policy Press, pp. 67-86.

Reuter, E. (2022). Postmodernist Perspectives. In Alcock, P., Haux, T., McCall V. and May, M. (Eds). The Student's Companion to Social Policy. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 98-105. 

Reuter, E. (2021). Book review: Democratic professionalism in public services by Jane Lethbridge. Social Policy and Administration. Available on early view at:

Caraher, K. and Reuter, E. (2020). ‘Risk privatisation and social investment, Self-employment in the United Kingdom’. Zeitschrift für Sozialreform / Journal of Social Policy Research, 66(3), 261-283. Available at: 

Caraher, K. and Reuter, E. (2019). 'Mind the gaps: Universal Credit and self-employment in the United Kingdom'. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, Available as fast-track article online: 

Reuter, E. (2019). Reviving popular sovereigntism: The French radical left and the nation-state. In J. M. Roberts and J. Ibrahim (Eds). Contemporary Left-Wing Activism Vol 1, Democracy, Participation and Dissent in a Global Context. Abingdon/New York: Routledge, pp.181-196.

Caraher, K. and Reuter, E. (2017). 'Vulnerability of the 'Entrepreneurial Self': Analysing the Interplay between Labour Markets and Social Policy'. Social Policy and Society, 16(3), 483-496. Also available online:

Caraher, K. and Reuter, E. (2015). Work, vulnerability and social policy: Developing an actionable analytical framework. Paper presented at the Social Policy Association Annual Conference, Belfast.

Reuter, E. (2014). Politics of Public Service Reforms and their Legacy: The Role of Power, Coalitions and Ideas. Paper presented at the International Political Science Association World Congress, Montreal.

Reuter, E. (2014). Armuts- und Integrationspolitik im aktivierenden Sozialstaat, Frankreich und Grossbritannien im Vergleich. [Policies against poverty and for integration in activating welfare states, France and Great Britain compared]. PhD thesis, Graduate School of Politics at the University of Muenster. Available at:

Reuter, E. (2014). In our Out: Political Strategies of the radical left in France and Europe. Paper presented at the Political Studies Association annual conference, Manchester. Available at

Reuter, E. (2012). Idées et politiques sociales contre l’exclusion en Grande-Bretagne et en France. [Ideas and social policies against exclusion in Great-Britain and France]. In S. Martens & J.P. Révauger (Eds). Vers un modèle social européen? [Towards a European social model?]. Bordeaux: Presses Universitaires, pp. 285-303.

Reuter, E. (2008). The interrelation between ‘activation’ and social policy against exclusion in Great Britain and France. Paper presented at Institute for Employment Research conference, Nuremberg. Available at

Reuter, E. (2008). Weniger ist mehr - Plädoyer für einen ‚exklusiven’ Exklusionsbegriff. [Less is more - Arguments for an ‘exclusive’ definition of exclusion]. In R. Eickelpasch, C. Rademacher and P.R. Lobato (Eds). Metamorphosen des Kapitalismus - und seiner Kritik. [Metamorphoses of capitalism - and its critique]. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag, pp. 171-190.

Hoffmeister, D. and Reuter, E. (2007). Zentrale Annahmen und Perspektiven der Befragten. [Key assumptions and perspectives of the surveyed population]. In D. Hoffmeister (Ed). Von Bettlern und Business-Menschen: Städtische Armut am Beispiel Münster. [Of beggars and businessmen: Urban poverty in Münster]. Münster: Lit Verlag, pp. 155-178.


Degree programmes:

  • BA (Hons) Applied Social Science
  • BA (Hons) Criminology
  • BA (Hons) Social Policy
  • BA (Hons) Social Policy, Crime and Criminal Justice
  • Master of Business Administration - Public Sector Management
  • Master of Public Administration
  • Master of Public Administration - Comparative Applied Social and Public Policy, Evaluation and Research
  • Master of Public Administration - International Development
  • Master of Public Administration - Public Policy and Management
  • Master of Public Administration - Social and Public Policy


  • Co-Production and Democratisation of Public Services
  • Exploring Social Policy and Social Justice
  • Futures of Work
  • Introducing Social Policy
  • Policy Analysis for a Complex World
  • Public Finance (module leader)
  • Public Finance: Principles, Politics & Contemporary Issues (module leader)
  • Public-Private Partnerships in Public Services (module leader)
  • Social Inequalities
  • Work, Social Policy & Society (module leader)

Contact details

Dr Enrico Reuter
Senior Lecturer in Public and Social Policy
​Associate Dean for Teaching & Learning and Student Experience
School for Business and Society

Tel: +44 (0)1904 32 1252