The setting of goals - and the measurement of progress towards them - is, for most staff, addressed by the performance management process. However, the progress of new staff is reviewed under the probation process.
During probation, your manager will make you aware of the performance standards expected of you, and you will be given the support, training and feedback needed to achieve those standards.
With your manager, you will next agree specific objectives for your induction period and the remainder of your probationary period. These objective can include development activities where you and your manager think that they will help you meet your goals.
Your initial objectives should be established in your first week. However, another meeting within your first month may help you produce a more complete development plan.