Professor Dianna J Bowles
Emerita

Profile

Career

 

2012 - Emeritus Professor Department of Biology, University of York
2008 - 2012 Chair of Biochemistry CNAP, Department of Biology, University of York
2001 - 2008 Founder/Director of CNAP / Weston Chair of Biochemistry Department of Biology, University of York
1994 - 2000 Established Chair Department of Biology, University of York
1990 - 1993 Director of the Centre for Plant Biochemistry & Biotechnology University of Leeds
1979 - 1993 Lecturer and Senior Lecturer in Biochemistry, Reader and Personal Chair in Plant Biochemistry University of Leeds
1978 Postdoctoral Research Fellow University of Regensburg, Germany. EMBL, Heidelberg, Germany
1976 - 1977 Postdoctoral Research Fellow University of Cambridge
1976 Postdoctoral Research Fellow The Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel
1975 Postdoctoral Research Fellow University of Regensburg, Germany
1973 - 1975 Postdoctoral Research Fellow University of Kaiserslautern, Germany
1973 PhD Biochemistry University of Cambridge
1970 BSc Botany  University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

 

Research

Overview

I am interested in understanding the natural world at the molecular level. As a scientist, I also believe we have a responsibility to pursue our interests in biology to benefit society and develop natural solutions to the problems facing people across the world and their environments.

My major research outputs and impacts have concerned plant biology, biochemistry and chemical biology. This initially involved the study of the membrane compartments involved in making the plant cell wall and other glcoproteins and glycolipids. Through the role of glyco-molecules in plant defence and stress responses, I became interested in local and systemic cell signaling during a plants response to injury. This led on to our discovery of a large multigene family of enzymes playing a key role in metabolic management and cellular homeostasis. We cloned , characterized and made a recombinant platform for chemical biology of these small molecule glycosyl transferases, thereby increasing our fundamental knowledge of the enzymes and their properties and using them to make new flavours, fragrances and pharmaceutical products.

My interest in the bioactivity of natural products encouraged me to work on the plant, Artemisia annua. I led, together with Professor Ian Graham, a six year, large, multidisciplinary project, funded by the Gates Foundation, to develop improved varieties of the plant for production of artemisinin, a key treatment of malaria. In parallel, I collaborated with Dr Jack Lim and Profeesor Paul Kaye, to explore the human health impact of structural decorations on plant natural product scaffolds found in the diet. We discovered an exquisite level of specificity in relation to stimulating cytokines of inflammation.

Since I have lived in the Uplands, I have also become interested in sheep, particularly locally adapted sheep such as the Herdwicks. My research in this area has focused on determining the spatial distribution of breeds and currently we are building on those data and using DNA-based techniques to explore their genetic distinctiveness and utility of traits for  future food security and environmental sustainability.

Discoveries

Discovery that decoration of plant natural product scaffolds affect inflammatory cytokines.

Discovery that genetic variation in Artemisia annua can lead to the identification of individuals for use as parents for the development of new improved and robust hybrids.

Discovery that locally adapted native sheep breeds of the UK are highly geographically concentrated, their genetic resources are unique and the breeds are endangered through their endemism.

Awards

  • Election to the European Molecular Biology Organisation (2001)
  • Fellow of the RSA (Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce) (2002)
  • President of the Herdwick Sheep Breeders' Association (2003)
  • Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) (2003)
  • Award from Yorkshire Forward: personal contribution to Bioscience in the region (2004)
  • Elected Fellow of the Society of Biology (2010)


Current projects

  • Exploring the genetic distinctiveness of Heritage Sheep Breeds in the UK

Publications

Selected publications

Lim E-K, Mitchell PJ, Brown N, Drummond RA, Brown GD, Kaye PM and Bowles DJ (2013) Regiospecific methylation of a dietary flavonoid scaffold selectively enhances IL-1b production following Toll-like receptor 2 stimulation in THP-1 monocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry. On-line and In press.

Bowles, DJ (2012) Preserving our heritage of native sheep breeds. Proceedings of the Sheep Veterinary Society In press

Graham, I.A., Besser, K., Blumer, S., Branigan, C.A., Czechowski, T., Elias, L., Guterman, I., Harvey, D., Isaac, P.G., Khan, A.M., Larson, T.R., Li, Y., Pawson, T., Penfield, T., Rae, A.M., Rathbone, D.A., Reid, S., Ross, J., Smallwood, M.F., Segura, V., Townsend, T., Vyas, D., Winzer, T., Bowles, D.  (2010)  The genetic map of Artemisia annua L. identifies loci affecting yield of the antimalarial drug artemisinin.  Science 327, 328-331.

External activities

Memberships

Current

  • Member of Yorkshire Agricultural Society Council
  • Founder and Chair of the YAS Advisory Group, Farmer-Scientist Network
  • Founder, Director and Chair of the Trustees, The Sheep Trust
  • Founder, Aelred's Grange project
  • Public lectures and outreach activities on the properties and uses of plant natural products, food and farming, livestock biodiversity 

Previously

Reviewing

  • Founder and Editor-in-Chief of The Plant Journal 1991-2002
  • Editorial Board, Essays in Biochemistry 1992-2000
  • OST GM Science Review Panel 2002-2004
  • The Royal Society Working Group on Biofuels 2006-2007
  • Board of Reviewing Editors, Science 2006-2008
  • Sainsbury Laboratory Governing Council 2004-2007

Development of non-food uses of plants

  • Founder DTI-sponsored Plant Protein Club 1997-2001
  • OST Foresight FCCI Industrial Task Force 1999-2001
  • Member of Government-Industry Forum on Non-Food Crops 2001-2004
  • Co-Founder and Director of the National Non-Food Crops Centre 2003-2005
  • Co-Founder  and Chair of the UK DTI-funded Knowledge Transfer Network, Bioscience for Business 2006-2008
  • Board Member of the TSB-funded Knowledge Transfer Network, "The Bioscience KTN" 2008-2013
  • Chair of the Plant Sector Group of the Bioscience KTN 2008- 2013
  • BBC Rural Affairs Advisory Committee 2002-2004

Research Council and Government Agencies

  • AFRC Institute of Plant Science, John Innes, Research Visiting Group 1993
  • AFRC Plants and Environment Research Grants Board 1993-1994
  • BBSRC Molecular Plant Pathology Initiative Steering Group 1994
  • BBSRC Plant Cell Wall Initiative Steering Group 1996
  • BBSRC Wealth Creating Products of Plants Initiative Research Grant Assessment Panel 1995-1996
  • BBSRC Training Awards Panel 1995-1997
  • BBSRC Biochemistry and Cell Biology Committee 1996-1997
  • BBSRC Committee on Studentships and Fellowships 1997-2000
  • BBSRC Innovation Advisory Panel 1997-1998
  • BBSRC Strategy Board 1997-1998
  • MAFF [Defra] Central Science Laboratory Ownership Board 1995-2001
  • MAFf [Defra] National Co-ordination Committee on the protection of biodiversity of the UK farm animal genetic resources 2001-2002
  • ODA Scientific Advisory Committee of the Plant Sciences Programme 1993-1997
  • Chair, ODA Working Group into Rice Transformation for the  UK 1994

Policy  input into the European Commission

  • Steering Group of the US-EC Taskforce in Biotechnology Research, Bioproducts from Plants 2004-2008
  • Director of  a Science to Support Policy project: EPOBIO, "Realising the Economic Potential of Sustainable Resources - bioproducts from non-food crops" 2005-2008
  • EU DGXII Directorate, Life Sciences and Technologies External Advisory Group on Cell Factories 1998-2003
  • Chair of the External Advisory Group to the European Commission FP7 for the Thematic Priority 2 on "Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology" 2006-2008


Professor Dianna J Bowles

Contact details

Prof. Dianna J Bowles OBE
Department of Biology (Area 9)
University of York
Heslington
York
YO10 5DD