Dr. Daniel H. Baker



  • 2009-2012 - Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Aston University
  • 2007-2009 - Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of Southampton
  • 2004-2007 - PhD in Human Vision, Aston University
  • 2000-2003 - BSc(Hons) Psychology, University of Nottingham

Departmental roles

  • PhD admissions tutor
  • Department seminar organiser



Human vision, binocular vision, spatial vision, masking, amblyopia, binocular rivalry, computational modelling, psychophysical methods


2013-2014 - Royal Society Research Grant, "Binocular architecture of lateral inhibitory processes in human vision" (£13434).



Greta VilidaitÄ—, primary supervisor

Dave Coggan, co-supervisor


Full publications list

See also my Google scholar profile, and this list of published abstracts.

  • Johnston, P., Baker, D.H., Stone, R. & Kaufman, J. (2014). Thatcher’s Britain: a new take on an old illusion. Perception, 43(12): 1400-1403, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & VilidaitÄ—, G. (2014). Broadband noise masks suppress neural responses to narrowband stimuli. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 763, [DOI].
  • Zhou, J., McNeal, S., Babu, R.J., Baker, D.H., Bobier, W. & Hess, R.F. (2014). Time course of dichoptic masking in normals and suppression in amblyopes. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 55: 4098-4104, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Meese, T.S. (2014). Measuring the spatial extent of texture pooling using reverse correlation. Vision Research, 97: 52-58, [DOI].
  • Hess, R.F., Thompson, B. & Baker, D.H. (2014). Binocular vision in amblyopia: structure, suppression and plasticity. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 34: 146-162 [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Cass, J.R. (2013). A dissociation of performance and awareness during binocular rivalry. Psychological Science, 24(12): 2563-2568, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Meese, T.S. (2013). Regarding the benefit of zero-dimensional noise. Journal of Vision, 13(10): 26, 1-6, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. (2013). What is the primary cause of individual differences in contrast sensitivity? PLoS ONE, 8(7): e69536, [DOI].
  • Brascamp, J.W. & Baker, D.H. (2013). Psychophysics of binocular rivalry. In Miller, S.M. (ed.) The constitution of visual consciousness: lessons from binocular rivalry, 109-140. John Benjamins, Amsterdam. [Book] [Amazon]
  • Patryas, L., Parry, N.R.A., Carden, D., Baker, D.H., Kelly, J.M.F., Aslam, T. & Murray, I.J. (2013). Assessment of age changes and repeatability for computer-based rod dark adaptation. Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 251(7): 1821-1827, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Meese, T.S. & Georgeson, M.A. (2013). Paradoxical psychometric functions (“swan functions”) are explained by dilution masking in four stimulus dimensions. i-Perception, 4(1): 17-35, [DOI].
  • Meese, T.S. & Baker, D.H. (2013). A common rule for integration and suppression of luminance contrast across eyes, space, time, and pattern. i-Perception, 4(1): 1-16, [DOI].
  • Wallis, S.A., Baker, D.H., Meese, T.S. & Georgeson, M.A. (2013). The slope of the psychometric function and non-stationarity of thresholds in spatiotemporal contrast vision. Vision Research, 76: 1-10, [DOI].
  • Huang, P.C., Baker, D.H. & Hess, R.F. (2012). Interocular suppression in normal and amblyopic vision: spatio-temporal properties. Journal of Vision, 12(11): 29, 1-12, [DOI].
  • Baldwin, A.S., Meese, T.S. & Baker, D.H. (2012). The attenuation surface for contrast sensitivity has the form of a witch’s hat within the central visual field. Journal of Vision,12(11): 23, 1-17, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Meese, T.S. (2012) Zero-dimensional noise: The best mask you never saw. Journal of Vision, 12(10): 20, 1-12, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Meese, T.S. (2012) Interocular transfer of spatial adaptation is weak at low spatial frequencies. Vision Research, 63: 81-87, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Wallis, S.A., Georgeson, M.A. & Meese, T.S. (2012) The effect of interocular phase difference on perceived contrast. PLoS ONE, 7(4): e34696, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Wallis, S.A., Georgeson, M.A. & Meese, T.S. (2012) Nonlinearities in the binocular combination of luminance and contrast. Vision Research, 56(1): 1-9, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Meese, T.S. (2011) Contrast integration over area is extensive: a three stage model of spatial summation. Journal of Vision, 11(14), 14, 1-16, [DOI].
  • Meese, T.S. & Baker, D.H. (2011) A re-evaluation of achromatic spatiotemporal mechanisms: evidence for non-oriented monocular filters that are adaptable at high flicker speeds. i-Perception, 2(2): 159-182, [DOI].
  • Meese, T.S. & Baker, D.H. (2011) Contrast summation across eyes and space is revealed along the entire dipper function by a “Swiss cheese” stimulus. Journal of Vision, 11(1): 23, 1-23, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. (2010) Visual consciousness: the binocular rivalry explosion. Current Biology, 20(15): R644-R646, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Graf, E.W. (2010) Extrinsic factors in the perception of bistable motion stimuli. Vision Research, 50(13): 1257-1265, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Graf, E.W. (2010) Contextual effects in speed perception may occur at an early stage of processing. Vision Research, 50(2): 193-201, [DOI].
  • Meese, T.S., Challinor, K.L., Summers, R.J. & Baker, D.H. (2009) Suppression pathways saturate with contrast for parallel surrounds but not superimposed cross-oriented masks. Vision Research, 49(24): 2927-2935, [DOI].
  • Meese, T.S. & Baker, D.H. (2009) Cross-orientation masking is speed invariant between ocular pathways but speed dependent within them. Journal of Vision, 9(5): 2, 1-15, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Graf, E.W. (2009) Natural images dominate in binocular rivalry. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(13): 5436-5441, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Graf, E.W. (2009) On the relation between dichoptic masking and binocular rivalry. Vision Research, 49(4): 451-459, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Meese, T.S. & Hess, R.F. (2008) Contrast masking in strabismic amblyopia: attenuation, noise, interocular suppression and binocular summation. Vision Research, 48(15): 1625-1640, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Graf, E.W. (2008) Equivalence of physical and perceived speed in binocular rivalry. Journal of Vision, 8(4): 26, 1-12, [DOI].
  • Hess, R.F., Baker, D.H., May, K.A. & Wang, J. (2008) On the decline of 1st and 2nd order sensitivity with eccentricity. Journal of Vision, 8(1): 19, 1-12, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Meese, T.S., Mansouri, B. & Hess, R.F. (2007) Binocular summation of contrast remains intact in strabismic amblyopia. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 48(11): 5332-5338, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H. & Meese, T.S. (2007) Binocular contrast interactions: Dichoptic masking is not a single process. Vision Research, 47(24): 3096-3107, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Meese, T.S. & Georgeson, M.A. (2007) Binocular interaction: contrast matching and contrast discrimination are predicted by the same model. Spatial Vision, 20(5): 397-413, [DOI].
  • Baker, D.H., Meese, T.S. & Summers, R.J. (2007) Psychophysical evidence for two routes to suppression before binocular summation of signals in human vision. Neuroscience, 146(1): 435-448, [DOI].
  • Meese, T.S., Georgeson, M.A. & Baker, D.H. (2006) Binocular contrast vision at and above threshold. Journal of Vision, 6(11): 1224-1243, [DOI].

PhD Thesis

  • Baker, D.H. (2008). Interocular suppression and contrast gain control in human vision. PhD thesis, Aston University, [AURA] [EPRINTS] [ETHOS].




I am open to supervising Masters projects and PhD students. If you are interested in applying to do a PhD, please feel free to email me.

Contact details

Dr Daniel Baker
Department of Psychology
Room PS/B106
Twitter: @bakerdh

Tel: 01904 32 2887