Dr Tom Waldman
Lecturer - MA in Post-war Recovery Studies

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Tom completed his doctorate in Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick in 2009. His thesis interpreted Clausewitz’s theory of war in relation to modern war. The book which emerged out of his PhD – War, Clausewitz and the Trinity – was published by Ashgate in 2013.

Tom’s research interests focus on contemporary warfare, conflict analysis, security sector reform, statebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. His experience working in war-torn countries includes Kosovo, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nepal and Afghanistan. He has travelled to Afghanistan four times – in 2007, 2010, 2012 and 2014 – in the capacity of researcher, fellow, evaluator and tourist!

Tom was previously an ESRC Research Fellow in the PRDU, during which time he completed a major three-year ESRC/DFID funded research project studying the impact of DFID sponsored state-building oriented research on British government policies in fragile, post-conflict environments. The project book, Understanding Influence, was published by Ashgate in 2014.

Tom has also published widely on statebuilding, intra-state war, the research-policy nexus, Afghanistan and Clausewitz in peer-reviewed journals such as International Affairs, Defence Studies, Parameters, Civil Wars, Journal of Statebuilding and Intervention and Conflict, Security and Development (see: https://york.academia.edu/ThomasWaldman).

Tom is Honorary Fellow at the Centre for Security Studies at the University of Hull.



Tom is currently Lead Researcher on an evaluation of the Cluster Community Development Council (CCDC) Pilot of the National Solidarity Program (NSP) in Afghanistan on behalf of the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD).

The NSP was launched in 2003 and now operates in all of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces where more than 90% of communities have been mobilised, making it the largest development project in the country. By 2014, over 80,000 community-driven projects had been initiated, encompassing the provision of clean drinking water, sanitation, small-scale irrigation, roads, schools and village electrification. Projects are decided upon by democratically elected village-level Community Development Councils (CDCs).

There was a spontaneous pooling of resources by existing CDCs during the first phase of NSP. It became evident that individual communities were struggling to implement rural infrastructure, such as roads connecting a number of communities. Such common needs of multiple communities required joint design, planning and budget management thus allowing them to implement larger subprojects benefitting multiple communities simultaneously.

The NSP thus introduced a pilot project for clustering Community Development Councils in December 2008, funded by the Japanese Social Development Fund with a budget of $10m. The pilot project has been implemented in 3 provinces: Nangahar, Balkh and Bamyan. The evaluation will examine whether the pilot project has met its objectives and consider the conditions, requirements and potential for wider use of the clustering concept. The focus of the evaluation is on the role of CCDCs in contributing to community welfare, social cohesion and linking local governance processes.


Selected publications

See a full list of Tom's publications at Academia.edu


Tom Waldman

Contact details

Dr Tom Waldman
Post-war Reconstruction and Development Unit
University of York
YO10 5DD

Tel: 01904 322074