Professor Lucy Carpenter
My group’s research encompasses gas phase tropospheric chemistry, heterogeneous chemistry on ocean surfaces, long-term atmospheric observations, and ocean emissions of halogenated compounds effecting tropospheric and stratospheric chemistry.
Current projects include:
Atmosphere-ocean interactions play a key role in regulating atmospheric composition and climate. We study the controls and mechanisms responsible for the release of a wide range of oceanic trace gases - including volatile halogens, dimethyl sulfide, isoprene and monoterpenes - and the influence of these gases on atmospheric chemistry.
Oceanic ozone dry deposition
The major chemical controls on ozone deposition to the ocean are iodide (I-) and dissolved organic material (DOM). Through measurements in the sea surface microlayer (SSM), in bulk seawater, and in the laboratory, we are developing better understanding of these key interactions and how they may also provide a source of atmospherically important trace gases to the marine troposphere.
Long-term atmospheric composition
Lucy is the UK principal investigator of the Cape Verde Observatory (CVO) – a World Meteorological Organisation-Global Atmospheric Watch (WMO-GAW) global station. The University of York team has measured trace gases (O3, CO, NO, NO2, NOy, VOCs, halocarbons, mercury) at the station for over 10 years, supported by the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), allowing us to monitor global atmospheric trends and to study chemical processes occurring in the remote atmosphere.
Selected Recent Publications
- Basin-scale observations of monoterpenes in the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans
Hackenberg, S.; Andrews, S.; Airs, R.; Arnold, S.; Bouman, H.; Cummings, D.; Lewis, A.; Minaeian, J.; Reifel, K.; Small, A.; Tarran, G.; Tilstone, G.; Carpenter, L. J., accepted for publication in Environ. Sci. Tech., 2017
- Evidence for renoxification in the tropical marine boundary layer
Reed, C., Evans, M. J., Crilley, L. R., Bloss, W. J., Sherwen, T., Read, K. A., Lee, J. D. & Carpenter, L. J., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2017, 17, 4081-4092.
- Halogen chemistry reduces tropospheric O3 radiative forcing
Sherwen, T., Evans, M. J., Carpenter, L. J., Schmidt, J. A. & Mickley, L., Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2017, 17, 1557-1569.
- Reversal of global atmospheric ethane and propane trends largely due to US oil and natural gas production
Helmig, D., Rossabi, S., Hueber, J., Tans, P., Montzka, S. A., Masarie, K., Thoning, K., Plass-Duelmer, C., Claude, A., Carpenter, L. J., Lewis, A. & Punjabi, S. et al. , Nature Geoscience, 2016, 9, 490–495.
- A pervasive role for biomass burning in tropical high ozone/low water structures
Anderson D.C. et al., Nature Communications, 2016, doi:10.1038/ncomms10267.
- Chemistry and Release of Gases from the Surface Ocean
Carpenter, L. J. & Nightingale, P. D. Chemical Reviews, 2015, 115, 4015-4034.
- Update on Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODSs) and Other Gases of Interest to the Montreal Protocol
Carpenter, L. J., Reimann, S., Burkholder, J. B., Clerbaux, C., Hall, B. D., Hossaini, R., Laube, J. C., Yvon-Lewis, S. A.: Chapter 1 in Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2014, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project – Report No. 55, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014.
- Atmospheric iodine levels influenced by sea surface emissions of inorganic iodine.
L J Carpenter, S M MacDonald, M D Shaw, R Kumar, R W Saunders, R Parthipan, J Wilson and J M C Plane, Nature Geoscience, 2013, 6, 108-111.