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An A to Z of common Harvard example citations and references

These are details for commonly used sources. For more details of the York Harvard style, check the Other sources list on our website. You may want to look at our short guide Referencing with Confidence – the Harvard Style 

Book (1 author)

In-text: (Becker, 2007)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Becker, H. S. (2007). Writing for social scientists: how to start and finish your thesis, book, or article. 2nd edn. London: The University of Chicago Press.

Book (2 or 3 authors)

In-text: (Peck and Coyle, 2005)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Peck, J. and Coyle, M. (2005). The student's guide to writing. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Book (4 or more authors)

In the bibliography/ reference list you can either name all authors or the first named followed by et al., as in the following example

In-text: (Moore et al., 2010)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Moore, S., Neville, C., Murphy, M., and Connolly, C. (2010). The ultimate study skills handbook. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Moore, S., et al. (2010). The ultimate study skills handbook. Maidenhead: Open University Press

Chapter in an edited book

In-text: (Dobel, 2005)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Dobel, J. P. (2005). Public management as ethics. In E. Ferlie, L.E. Lynn Jr, and C. Pollitt, (Eds). The Oxford handbook of public management. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 156-181.

Edited book

In-text: (Fillit, Rockwood and Woodhouse, 2010)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Fillit, H., Rockwood, K. and Woodhouse, K. (Eds.). (2010). Brocklehurst's textbook of geriatric medicine and gerontology. Philadelphia: Saunders/Elsevier.

Journal article (print copy)

In-text: (Selman, 2012)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Selman, P. (2012). The global decline of intercountry adoption: what lies ahead? Social Policy and Society, 11(03), 381-397.

Journal article (electronic copy)

In-text: (Fitch, Gaffney & Thomson, 2007)
Bibliography/ Reference List:
Fitch, S., Gaffney, V. and Thomson, K. (2007). In sight of Doggerland: from speculative survey to landscape exploration. Internet Archaeology, 22. [Online]. Available at: [Accessed 15 June 2011].