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Masculinities & Femininities in Late Medieval Europe - HIS00115M

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  • Department: History
  • Module co-ordinator: Dr. Rachel Delman
  • Credit value: 20 credits
  • Credit level: M
  • Academic year of delivery: 2019-20

Module summary

In the popular imagination the medieval period has long been associated with knights on horseback and maidens in towers, yet what did it really mean to be male or female in the middle ages? This module will examine the multiple and often conflicting ideas about masculinity and femininity in late medieval Europe (c.1350-1550), and how these translated into reality. Since Joan Scott published her seminal article, ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Analysis’ in the late 1980s, medievalists have increasingly used gender as a lens for understanding social relations and identities. While historians were initially interested in the differences between men and women, these discussions have since given way to more nuanced explorations of the ways in which gender intersected with a range of factors, including geographical location, social standing, marital status and point in the life course. Critical attention has also been paid to the longstanding assumption that women were the ‘marked’ gender through the relatively recent rise of masculinity studies. This interdisciplinary module will explore the ideologies and institutions shaping late medieval masculinities and femininities in their various forms, including church and home, town and countryside and court and community. In so doing, it will draw on an array of different source types, including court records, literary evidence, material culture and the built environment (including buildings and artefacts in the City of York), so as to invite critical evaluation of the ways in which contemporary gender norms were constructed, reinforced and defied through language, objects and space. By covering a broad spectrum of medieval society — from clerics and kings to female mystics and cross-dressing prostitutes — this course will provide an in-depth overview of masculine and feminine behaviours in late medieval Europe. 

Module will run

Occurrence Teaching cycle
A Spring Term 2019-20

Module aims

The module aims to:

·       Develop skills of source analysis and interpretation

·       Assess a range of source material and relevant secondary works; and

·       Develop students’ powers of evidence-based historical argument, both orally and in writing.

Module learning outcomes

After completing this module students should have:

  • An awareness of key topics and historiographical debates defining women’s and gender history since the late 20th century, including masculinity studies. 

  • The ability to identify and critically evaluate a wide range of textual and non-textual sources relevant to the module topic.

  • The ability to confidently discuss how gendered ideals and realities played out in a wide range of settings and contexts across late medieval Europe. 

Module content

Students will attend eight weekly two-hour seminars in weeks 2-9.

The provisional outline for the module is as follows:

Week 1: Sex, Gender and the Body 

Week 2: Gender and the Law: Marriage 

Week 3: Gender Roles at Home

Week 4: Young and Single

Week 5: Widowhood and Old Age

Week 6: Religious Men and Women

Week 7: Knightly and Kingly Masculinities 

Week 8: Warrior and Lordly Women 

Week 9: Beyond Binaries? Queer and Transgender Identities 


Task Length % of module mark
4000 word essay
N/A 100

Special assessment rules


Additional assessment information

Students will complete a 2,000-word procedural essay for formative assessment, due in week 6 of the spring term, for which they will receive an individual tutorial. They will then submit a 4,000-word assessed essay for summative assessment in week 1 of the summer term.

For further details about assessed work, students should refer to the Taught Masters Degrees Statement of Assessment.


Task Length % of module mark
4000 word essay
N/A 100

Module feedback


Following their formative assessment task, students will receive written feedback consisting of comments and a mark within 10 working days of submission. All students are encouraged, if they wish, to discuss the feedback on their procedural work during their tutor’s student hours. For more information, see the Statement on Feedback.

For the summative assessment task, students will receive their provisional mark and written feedback within 20 working days of the submission deadline. The tutor will then be available during student hours for follow-up guidance if required. For more information, see the Statement of Assessment.

Indicative reading

For term time reading, please refer to the module VLE site. Before the course starts, we encourage you to look at the following items of preliminary reading:

Bynum, Caroline Walker, Holy Feast, Holy Fast: The Religious Significance of Food to Medieval Women. Berkeley; London: University of California Press, 1987. Available online through the library catalogue. 

Bennett, Judith M., and Karras, Ruth Mazo (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. Available online through the library catalogue. 

Dinshaw, Carolyn, Getting Medieval: Sexualities and Communities, Pre- and Postmoder. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999

The information on this page is indicative of the module that is currently on offer. The University is constantly exploring ways to enhance and improve its degree programmes and therefore reserves the right to make variations to the content and method of delivery of modules, and to discontinue modules, if such action is reasonably considered to be necessary by the University. Where appropriate, the University will notify and consult with affected students in advance about any changes that are required in line with the University's policy on the Approval of Modifications to Existing Taught Programmes of Study.