Infection & Disease - HEA00066M

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  • Department: Health Sciences
  • Module co-ordinator: Prof. Kamran Siddiqi
  • Credit value: 20 credits
  • Credit level: M
  • Academic year of delivery: 2019-20

Module will run

Occurrence Teaching cycle
A Autumn Term 2019-20 to Spring Term 2019-20

Module aims

This module will attract students who are keen to practice Public Health and who may subsequently be able to assume positions within regional, national and international health organisations or ministries of health. Special efforts will be made to encourage students from resource poor settings to the module in order that they may be better equipped to capacity build in their own countries. It is suitable for students with both medical and non-medical careers. The aim of the module is to explore core knowledge and skills required to understand the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting physical and mental health through control of infections, health education, preventive treatment of disease and the development of the social machinery to ensure a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health in a variety of settings and populations.

Module learning outcomes

At the end of the module, students will be able to:

  1. Describe the natural history, public health importance, high-risk populations, transmission characteristics, and key control measures pertaining to a selected group of infectious diseases chosen for their importance and because they exemplify a varying array of transmission pathways.
  2. Describe the relationship of disease risk factors, causal pathways, host factors (mental health, addictions etc.), environment (physical and or social) and key prevention strategies pertaining to a selected group of non-communicable diseases.
  3. Explain the components and steps involved in surveillance and outbreak investigations and demonstrate proficiency in basic methods used to study these for a variety of infectious diseases in different settings.
  4. Discuss epidemiological transition and explain its key drivers including demographic, economic and social and political changes taking place across the globe.
  5. Understand the key public health issues pertaining to infections and disease and the key strategies that can be implemented to address these issues.
  6. Appreciate the role of international treaties, public policies, and multi-sectorial approach to reduce global burden secondary to non-communicable diseases.
  7. Be aware of and understand some of the key controversies and global challenges that pertain to the fight against diseases and infections.
  8. Be able to identify an unanswered question or hypothesis pertaining to a particular infection or disease (communicable or non-communicable) and learn how to develop a research proposal that seeks to answer that question or test that hypothesis.

Module content

The health of people in resource poor settings is receiving increased attention in part because such problems do not recognise national boundaries or economic differentials between countries. The high burden of communicable diseases is well recognised, but the growing burden of non-communicable disease in developing countries is largely unchecked. For example, HIV disease first occurred in Africa and is now a global public health disaster. Conversely, problems associated with tobacco use and obesity, once the preserve of wealthy countries, are now increasingly frequent in developing nations. In addition, health is acknowledged to be a key factor in the ability of a country to develop economically and is increasingly viewed as a human rights issue, global inequalities in health being a violation of these rights. This module will explore major issues in global public health with an emphasis on the most important causes of disease world wide. Aspects of epidemiology, prevention and control of both communicable and non-communicable diseases will be covered.

 

Module content will be as follows:

Autumn term:

Session 1 – TB – an airborne infection

Session 2 – HIV/AIDS and other STIs

Session 3 – Neglected Tropical Diseases

Session 4 – History of Infections and Chronic Diseases

Session 5 – How to write a bid

Session 6 – Plan, conduct, interpret and report outbreak management

Session 7 – The syndemics – TB, HIV and Tobacco

Session 8 – Communicable disease surveillance and control in disasters

Session 9 - Air pollution and its impact on public health

 

Spring term:

Session 1 – Violence and Injury

Session 2 – Demographic, social & political influences on non-communicable diseases and its prevention

Session 3 – Formative assessment – brief presentations and student discussions

Session 4 – Cardiovascular disease

Session 5 – Mental Health

Session 6 – Illicit drugs

Session 7 – Corporate influence on public health policies - alcohol and tobacco

Session 8 – Cancer: epidemiology and prevention

Session 9 – Tobacco and lung health

Assessment

Task Length % of module mark
Essay/coursework
Essay 2500 words
N/A 100

Special assessment rules

None

Reassessment

Task Length % of module mark
Essay/coursework
Essay 2500 words
N/A 100

Module feedback

Written feedback for summative assessment is provided on the standard proforma, within the timescale specified in the programme handbook.

Indicative reading

Reading List

Students will be directed to the relevant websites mentioned below, which have up-to-date information on all of the diseases listed below.

  • Global Health 101 by Richard Skolnik

Journals

  • International Journal of Epidemiology
  • Journal of International Union against TB and Lung Diseases
  • Tropical Medicine and International Health

Websites and other electronic sources

Other useful resources

  • References to relevant journal articles and additional resources will be given during each lecture.



The information on this page is indicative of the module that is currently on offer. The University is constantly exploring ways to enhance and improve its degree programmes and therefore reserves the right to make variations to the content and method of delivery of modules, and to discontinue modules, if such action is reasonably considered to be necessary by the University. Where appropriate, the University will notify and consult with affected students in advance about any changes that are required in line with the University's policy on the Approval of Modifications to Existing Taught Programmes of Study.