The module aims to give an overview of environmental issues and how electronics relates to the environment, with particular emphasis to the measurement of environmental parameters.
To provide a detailed understanding of instrumentation from sensors to systems and how they can be used to measure environmental parameters such as air and water pollutants.
Introduction to environmental monitoring: overview of the requirements for sensing and instrumentation using examples from industry and the environment.
Air and Water Pollution: sources and effects of pollution: primary and secondary air pollutants; inversion layers, stacks, urban elevated inversions; water pollutants including nitrates, phosphates, eutrophication; turbidity; ecological effects.
Measurement of air and water pollution: physical sensors: temperature, light, pressure, vibration; chemical sensors: chemodiodes. chemocapacitors, ISFETS, gas sensors, piezoelectric sensors.
Remote Sensing: theory of remote sensing; EM spectrum, atmospheric windows, scattering, surface effects; applications including hydrosphere, geosphere, biosphere .