An A to Z of common MHRA example citations and references

Book (2 or 3 authors)

Footnote 
1 John Peck, and Martin Coyle, The Student's Guide to Writing, 3rd edn (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012).

Bibliography:
Peck, John and M. Coyle, The Student's Guide to Writing, 3rd edn (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

Note: include edition number only if it is not the first edition.

Book (4 or more authors)

Footnote:
1 Sarah Moore and others, The Ultimate Study Skills Handbook (Maidenhead: Open UP, 2010), pp.15-16.

Bibliography:
Moore, Sarah and others, The Ultimate Study Skills Handbook (Maidenhead: Open UP, 2010)

Note: For four or more, give the first name followed by ‘and others’ not ‘et al’.

Book 1 author

Footnote:
1 Anthony Grafton, The Footnote: A Curious History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1999), pp.25-29.

Bibliography:
Grafton, Anthony, The Footnote: A Curious History (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1999)

Note: Author’s surname is given first in the bibliography to allow for alphabetic listing.
Note: There are no full stops at the end of the bibliographic reference.

Chapter or article in an edited book

Footnote: 1 Audrey Collin, ‘Human Resource Management in Context’, in Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Perspective, ed. by Ian Beardwell and Len Holden. (London: Pitman Publishing, 1994), pp.29-68.

Articles which are republished later in an edited edition should take one of the following forms:

2 Alfred L. Kellogg and Louis A. Haselmayer, ‘Chaucer’s Satire of the Pardoner’, PMLA, 66 (1951), 251–77 (repr. in Alfred L. Kellogg, Chaucer, Langland, Arthur: Essays in Middle English Literature (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1972), pp. 212–44).
Or
2 Edwin Honig, ‘Calderón’s Strange Mercy Play’, in Critical Essays on the Theatre of Calderón, ed. by Bruce W. Wardropper (New York: New York University Press, 1965), pp. 167–92 (first publ. in Massachusetts Review, 3 (1961), 80–107).

Note: Journals’ first and last pages aren’t preceded by pp.

Bibliography:

Colin, Audrey, ’Human Resource Management in Context’, in Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Perspective, ed. by Ian Beardwell and Len Holden (London: Pitman Publishing, 1994), pp.29-68

See MHRA Style Guide 11.2.3 for more details. 

Edited book

Footnote: 

1 The Works of Thomas Nashe, ed. By Ronald B. McKerrow, 2nd edn, rev. by F.P. Wilson, 5 vols (Oxford: Blackwell, 1958) III, 94-98 (pp.96-97).
2 Carlos Fuentes, Aura, ed. by Peter Standish, Durham Modern Language Series: Hispanic Texts, 1 (Durham: University of Durham, 1986).

Bibliography:
Fuentes, Carlos, Aura, ed. by Peter Standish, Durham Modern Language Series: Hispanic Texts, 1 (Durham: University of Durham, 1986)

Notes:
• If an entry refers to a span of pages, the first and last pages should be given eg. 17-25.
• Specific pages within that should be indicated by pages numbers within brackets eg (pp.18-19).

More details are in the MHRA Style Guide 11.2 

Journal article (electronic copy)

Use the information for the print version if that is available. Only provide URLs and DOI for material that can only be obtained via the web.

Footnote:
1. Moira Burke, and Robert E. Kraut, 'The Relationship between Facebook Use and Well-Being Depends on Communication Type and Tie Strength', Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 21 (2016), 265-81 < http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcc4.12162/full> [Accessed 1 Sept 2016] (pp.265-267).

Note: if there are no page numbers, refer using ‘para’, for paragraphs.

Bibliography:
Burke, Moira and Robert E. Kraut, 'The Relationship between Facebook Use and Well-Being Depends on Communication Type and Tie Strength', Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 21 (2016), 265-81 < http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcc4.12162/full> [Accessed 1 Sept 2016]

Journal article (print copy)

Footnote:
1 David Montero, Candela Díaz-Cañestro, ‘Maximal Cardiac Output in Athletes: Influence of Age’, European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 22 (12), 1588-1600 (p.1589).

Bibliography:
Montero, David, and C. Díaz-Cañestro, ‘Maximal Cardiac Output in Athletes: Influence of Age’, European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 22 (12), 1588-1600

Note: Reverse the order of the first author’s surname and first name in the bibliography, but not for subsequent authors. This is so that works can be placed in author order in the bibliography.

Note: First and last pages of journal articles cited do not use pp. unless referring to specific pages within that span. Indicate specific pages referred to in brackets using p. or pp.