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Essential cemeteries bibliography

Plan of Stonefall Cemetery, Harrogate, showing denomination sections

The study of cemeteries constitutes a 'rendezvous' or 'destination' discipline: academics from a range of backgrounds travel towards it carrying their own discipline methods, preoccupations and theory. This subject area encourages a willful crossing of boundaries, and is intrinsically and fruitfully interdisciplinary.  

The following represents a selected list of major texts and peer-reviewed journal articles on cemeteries and burial from various disciplines and perspectives, sorted by year of publication and with international coverage. 

The list is by no means exhaustive, but includes works that are by turns essential, informative, intriguing and infuriating. Where two or more chapters are relevant from a collected text, individual chapters are not listed separately.



Barker, A. J. (2018) ‘Deathscapes of settler colonialism: the necro-settlement of Stoney Creek, Ontario, Canada’, Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 108:4, 1134-49.

Coutts, C., Bamajian, C., Sehee, J., Kelty, S., and Williams, P. (2018) ‘Natural burial as a land conservation tool in the US’, Landscape and Urban Planning, 130-143.

Gijbels, J. (2018) ‘Reassessing the pauper burial: the disposal of corpses in nineteenth-century Brussels’, Mortality,23:2, 184-198.

Knight, F. (2018) ‘Cremation and Christianity: English Anglican and Roman Catholic attitudes to cremation since 1885’, Mortality, 23:4, 301-319.

Kolnberger, T. (2018) 'Cemeteries and urban form: a historico-geographic approach', Urban Morphology, 22:1, 119-39.

McAllister, D. (2018) Imagining the Dead in British Literature and Culture, 1790-1848, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.

McLymont, K. (2018) ‘“They have different ways of doing things”: cemeteries, diversity and local place attachement’, Journal of Cultural Studies, 39: 267-85.

Parsons, B. (2018) ‘Robertson at the City: portrait of a cemetery superintendent’, Genealogy, 2: 31.

Pechan Driver, C.T. (2018) Muslim Custodians of Jewish Spaces in Morocco: Drinking the Milk of Trust, Palgrave Macmillan

Rugg, J. (2018) ‘Consolation, individuation and consumption: towards a theory of cyclicality in English funerary practice’, Cultural and Social History, 15:1, 61-78.

Rugg, J. and Parsons, B. (2018) Funerary Practices in England and Wales, Bingly, Emerald Publishing.

Skår, M., Nordh, H. and Swensen, G. (2018) ‘Green urban cemeteries: more than just parks’, Journal of Urbanism, 11:3, 362-82.

Sloane, D.C. (2018) Is the Cemetery Dead? Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Swensen, G. and Brendalsmo, J. (2018) ‘Churchyards and cemeteries throughout the centuries – praxis and legislation’, Landscape History, 39:1, 87-102.

Thake, C., and Buhagiar, J. (2018) Ta’ Braxia Cemetery, Msida: Best Print.

Tomašević, A. (2018) ‘Cemeteries as tourist attractions’, Tourističko Poslovanje, 21, 13-24.


Clayden, A., Green, T., Hockey, J. and Powell, M. (2017) ‘Cutting the lawn – natural burial and its contribution to the delivery of ecosystems in urban cemeteries’, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 33: 99-106.

Clements, P. (2017) ‘Highgate Cemetery heterotopia : a creative counterpublic space’, Space and Culture, 20:4, pages.

Colombo, A. D. (2017) 'Why Europe has never been united (not even in the afterworld): the fall and rise of cremation in cities', Death Studies, 41:1, 22-33.

de Spiegeller, C. and Tyssens, J. (2017) 'Secularizing funerary culture in nineteenth-century Belgium: a product of political and religious controversy', Death Studies, 41:1, 14-21.

Evensen, K.H., Nordh, H. and Skår, M. (2017) ‘Everyday use of urban cemeteries: a Norwegian case study’, Landscape and Urban Planning, 159: 76-84.

Fraser, L, (2017) ‘Death in 19th century Australia and New Zealand’, History Compass, 15:7.

Frihammar, M. and Silverman, H. (eds) Heritage of Death: Landscapes of Emotion, Memory and Practice, London: Routledge.

Jupp, P.C., Davies, D.J., Grainger, H., Raeburn, G.D. and White, S.R.G. (2017) Cremation in Modern Scotland: History, Architecture and the Law, Edinburgh: Berlinn.

Klapetek, M (2017) ‘Muslim areas at municipal cemeteries in Germany and Austria’, Studia Religiologica, 50:3, 203-220.

Kolnberger, T. (2017) “Funerary Culture and Modernisation in the State of Luxembourg (1800-2000)”, Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire / Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Filologie en Geschiedenis, 95:4, 213-238.

Krupar, S.R. (2017) ‘Green death: sustainability and the administration of the dead’, Cultural Geography, 25:2, 267-84.

Majewska, A. (2017) ‘Jewish sepulchral heritage in Silesian Voivodeship divided by the borders: similarities and differences’, Region and Regionalism, 13, 147-67.

Rugg, J. (2017) ‘Materiality, identity, mutability: irresolvable tensions within burial reform’, in Bradbury, J. and Scarre, C. (eds) Engaging with the Dead: Exploring Changing Human Beliefs about Death, Mortality and the Human Body, Oxford: Oxbow Books, 210-16.

Rugg, J. and Holland, S. (2017) 'Respecting corpses: the ethics of grave re-use', Mortality, 22:1, 1-14.

Saad, T.C. (2017) ‘The moral inadequacy of cremation’, The New Bioethics, 23:3, 249-60.

Streb, C. K. (2017) ‘Modern class society in the making: evidence from Palatinate gravestones of the nineteenth century’, International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 21: 240-76.

Thomas, Hannah (2017) The Secret Cemetery, Gracewing: Leominster.

Tavares da Cruz, N.J., Lenza, Á.G.R., P. da C.F. Dos Santos, I.M.B.S. Pinto, Zancan, C. and De Souza G.H.S. (2017) ‘Environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria, new funeral technologies and preferences of the Northeastern and Southern Brazilian population as for the funeral process’, Environmental Science Pollution Research, 24: 24121-24134.

Vajta, K. (2017) ‘Gravestones speak – but in which language? Epitaphs as mirrors of language shifts and identities in Alsace’, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 39:2, 137-54.


Alonso, A.D. and Nienass, B. (2016) 'Deaths, visibility and responsibility: the politics of mourning at the US-Mexico border', Social Research: An International Quarterly, 83:2, 421-51.

Ashley, S.L.T. (2016) ‘Acts of heritage, acts of value: memorialising at the Chattri Indian Memorial, UK’, International Journal of Heritage Studies, 22:7, 554-67.

Azevedo, V. R. (2016) ‘Restoring the dignity of the war’s disappeared? Exhumations of mass graves, restorative justice and compassion policies in Peru’, Human Remains and Violence, 2:2, 39-55.

Bertrand, R. and Carol, A. (eds) (2016) Aux Origines des Cimetières Contemporains: Les Réformes Funéraires de L’Europe Occidentale XVIIe-XIXe siècle, Aix-en-Provence: Presses Universitaires de Province, 239-256.

Buckham, S, Jupp, P.C. and Rugg, J. (eds) Death in Modern Scotland, 1855-1955: Beliefs, Attitudes and Practices, Edinburgh: Peter Lang, 215-240.

Conway, H. (2016) The Law and the Dead, London: Routledge.

Davies, P.J. (2016) ‘Planning, provision and perpetuity of deathscapes – past and future trends and the impact for city planners’, Land Use Policy, 55, 98-107.

Dobscha, S. (2016) (ed.) Death in a Consumer Culture, London: Routledge. 

Griffin, L.M. and Wallace, C. (2016) (eds) Grave Matters: Death and Dying in Dublin 1500-Present, Dublin: Four Courts Press, 150-58.

Henriot, C. (2016) Scythe and the City: A Social History of Death in Shanghai, Stamford, CA: Stamford University Press.

Hunter, A. (2016) ‘Deathscapes in diaspora: contesting space and negotiating home in contexts of post-migration diversity’, Social and Cultural Geography, 17: 2, 247-261.

Hunter, A. (2016) ‘Staking a claim to land, faith and family: burial location preferences of Middle Eastern Christian migrants’, Journal of Intercultural Studies, 17:2, 179-194.

Kadrouch-Outmany, K. (2016) ‘Religion at the cemetery: Islamic burials in the Netherlands and Belgium’, Contemporary Islam, 10, 87-105.

McClymont, K. (2016) ‘”That eccentric use of land at the top of the hill”: cemeteries and the stories of the city’, Mortality, 21:4, 378-397.

Petersson, A. and Wingren, C. (2016) ‘Designing a memorial place: continuing care, passage landscapes and future memories’, Mortality, 16:1, 54-69.

Raeburn, G. (2016) ‘Death, superstition, and common society following the Scottish Reformation’, Mortality, 21:1, 36-51.

Roberts, B. (2016) ‘A tale of two funerals: civic ritual, public mourning and community participation in late nineteenth-century Middlesbrough’, Cultural and Social History, 13:4, 467-482.

Rugg, J. (2016) ‘Cost, choice and diversity: policy issues in burial and cremation in England’, in L. Foster and K. Woodthorpe (eds) Death and Social Policy in Challenging Times, 91-109.

Rugg, J. (2016) ‘Radical departures? Changing landscapes of death in Leicester’, in Rodger, R. and Madgin, R. (eds) Leicester: A Modern History, Lancaster: Carnegie, 137-55.

Trapeznik, A. and Gee, A. (2016) ‘Laying the Victorians to rest: funerals, memorials and the funeral business in nineteenth-century Otago’, Australian Economic History Review, 56:3, 317-336.

Williams, H. and Giles, M. (2016) (eds) Archaeologists and the Dead, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Young, C. and Light, D. (2016) ‘Interrogating spaces of and for the dead as ‘alternative space’: cemeteries, corpses and sites of Dark Tourism’, International Review of Social Research, 6: 2, 61-72.


Bennett, G. and Davies, P.J. (2015) ‘Urban cemetery planning and the conflicting role of local and regional interests’, Land Use Policy, 42, 450-459.

Campo-Ruiz, I. (2015) ‘Equality in death: Sigurd Lewentz and the planning of Malmö Eastern Cemetery, 1916-1973’, Planning Perspectives, 30:4, 639-657.

Cannon, A. and Cook, K. (2015) ‘Infant death and the archaeology of grief’, Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 25: 1, 399-416.

Clayden, A., Green, T., Hockey, J. and Powell, M. (2015) Natural Burial: Landscape, Practice and Experience, Abingdon: Routledge.

Dreyfus, J-M. and Anstett, E. (eds) Human Remains and Mass Violence: Methodological Approaches, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 181-198.

Ferrándiz, F. and Robben, A. (2015) Necropolitics: Mass Graves and Exhumations in the Age of Human Rights, Philadelphia: University of Penmsylvania Press.

Frisby, H. (2015) ‘Drawing the pillow, laying out and port wine: the moral economy of death, dying and bereavement in England, c.1840-1930’, Mortality, 20:2, 103-127.

Graham, C., Arnold, M., Kohn, T. and Gibbs, M.R. (2015) ‘Gravesites and websites: a comparison of memorialisation’, Visual Studies, 30:1, 37-53.

Graham, S. (2015) ‘The plantation community cemetery: reading black and white relationships in the landscape’, Markers, 30, 68-91.

Gruffatini, L. (2015) ‘Volunteers and the French public pauper burial: do it yourself?’, Mortality, 20:1, 67-82.

Joralemon, D. (2015) ‘Ordering chaos: the process of remembering mass murder’, Mortality, 20:2, 178-191.

Klaufus, C. (2015) “The dead are killing the living”: spatial justice, funerary services and cemetery land use in urban Colombia’, Habitat International, 30, 1-6.

Laqueur, T. (2015) The Work of the Dead: A Cultural History of Mortal Remains, Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.

Lee, T. (2015) ‘Place and identity: what can we learn from the dead?’, in K. Lawrence (ed.) ‘Landscape, Place and Identity in Craft and Design’, craft+designenquiry, 7, 99-112.

Killoran, P., Pollack, D., Nealis, S. and Rinker, E. (2015) ‘Cemetery preservation and beautification of death: investigations of unmarked early to mid-nineteenth-century burial grounds in Central Kentucky’, in A. J. Osterholtz (ed.) Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains, Cham: Springer, 219-241.

Potter, M. (2015) City and Cemetery: A History of Mount Saint Lawrence, Limerick, Limerick: Limerick City Council.

Rodrigues, C. (2015) ‘Funerals, opposition and protest between France and Brazil in nineteenth century’, Fórum, 9, 41-72.

Rosenow, M.K. (2015) Death and Dying in the Working Class, 1865-1920, Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Sobotka, S. and Długozima, A. (2015) ‘Evaluation and development opportunities of the disused Lutheran cemeteries within the Maskuliński and Pisz Forest Divisions for thanotourism’, Tourism, 25: 1, 67-75.

Wolffe, J. (2015) ‘“Martyrs as really as St Stephen was a martyr?” Commemoration of the British dead of the First World War, International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church, 15:1, 23-38.


Britton, J. (2014) '"Feeling is our objective": Green-Wood Cemetery, sentiment, and refinement in antebellum New York', Ninteenth-Century Contexts, 36: 1, 19-34.

Boulton, J. (2014) 'Traffic in corpses and the commodification of burial in Georgian England', Continuity and Change, 29:2, 181-208.

Klaufus, C. (2014) 'Deathscapes in Latin America's metropolises: urban land use, funerary transformations and daily inconveniences', European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, 96, 99-111.

Lee, H. A. (2014) 'Managing the living through the dead: colonial governmentality and the 1912 Burial Rules in Colonial Korea', Journal of Historical Sociology, 27: 3, 402-422.

Neilsen, P. and Groes, L. (2014) 'Ethnography inside the walls: studying the contested space of the cemetery', Ethnography Praxis in Industry Conference Proceedings, 108-118.

Niţă, M, Iojă, I., Laurentiu Rozylowicz, D.A.O. and Tudor, A.C. (2014) ‘Land use consequences of the evolution of cemeteries in the Bucharest Metropolitan Area’, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57, 7, 1066-82.

Onwuzuruigbo, I. (2014) 'Space of power and power of space: Islam and conflict over cemetery space in colonial Ibadan', Journal of Urban History, 40, 2, 301-317.

Purvinas, M. and Purvinienė, M. (2014) Mažosios Lietuvos Kapinės ir Antkapiniai Paminklai, II Knyga [Cemeteries and tombstones in Lithuania Minor, 2nd book], Kaunas: Technologija.

Rugg, J. (2014) 'The Burial Laws Amendment Act of 1880 and strategies of evasion in rural North Yorkshire', Northern History, 51, 1, 113-130.

Rugg, J., Stirling, F. and Clayden, A. (2014) 'Churchyard and cemetery in an English industrial city: Sheffield, 1740-1900', Urban History, 41, 4, 627-663. Sheffield paper (PDF , 578kb)

Vanderstraeten, R. (2014) 'Burying and remembering the dead', Memory Studies, 7: 4, pp.457-471.

Yarwood, R., Sidaway, J. Kelly, C. and Stillwell, S. (2014) 'Sustainable deathstyles? The geography of green burials in Britain', The Geography Journal, doi: 10.1111/geoj.12087


Bok, L. and Halcus, J. H. (2013) Graftrommels en (Kunst) Grafkransen in Nederland, foundation.

Brown, T. (2013) 'The making of urban "healtheries": the transformation of cemeteries and burial grounds in late-Victorian East London', Journal of Historic Geography, 42, 12-23.

Kotilainen, S. (2013) 'Rural people's literacy skills in remembrance of the departed: the writing of personal names on sepulchral monuments at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries', Mortality, 18:2, 173-94. [Finland]

Laxton, P. and Roger, P. (2013) Insanitary City: Henry Littlejohn and the Condition of Edinburgh, Lancaster: Carnegie Press.

Matthey, L., Felli, R. and Mager, C. (2013) '"We do have space in Lausanne. We have a large cemetery": the non-controversy of a non-existent Muslim burial ground', Social and Cultural Geography, 14:4, 428-45.

Núñez, M. (2013) 'Dread of the dead - living in the vicinity of dead relatives in Finland, 1751-1850' in K. von Kackwitz and R. Peyroted-Stjema (eds) Ancient Deathways: Proceedings of a Workshop on Archaeology and Mortuary Practices, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet, 85-103.

Parker, G. and McVeigh, C. (2013) 'Do not cut the grass: expressions of British Gypsy-Traveller identity on cemetery memorials', Mortality, 18:2, 290-312.

Rugg, J. (2013) 'Choice and constraint in the burial landscape: re-evaluating twentieth-century commemoration in the English churchyard', Mortality, 18:3, 215-234.

Rugg, J. (2013) Churchyard and Cemetery: Tradition and Modernity in Rural North Yorkshire, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Schultz, F.R. (2013) Death in East Germany 1945-1990, Oxford: Berghahn.

Tanaś, S. (2013) ‘Tourism “death space” and thanatourism in Poland’, Current Issues of Tourism Research, 13:1, 22-27.

Venbrux, E., Quartier, T., Venhorst, C. and Mathijssen, B. (2013) (eds) Changing European Deathways, Lit: Münster.

Watkins, C. (2013) The Undiscovered Country: Journeys Among the Dead, London: The Bodley Head.

Wingren, C. (2013) 'Place-making strategies in multi-cultural Swedish cemeteries: the cases of Östra kyrkogården’ in Malmö and Järva common’ Mortality, 18 (2), 151-172.


Cappers, W. (2012) Aan dese Zijde van der Dood: Funeraire Componenten van Seculariserende Cultuurlandschappen in Nederland 1576-2010, vols I and II, Arnhem: Criterion.

Michael, P. and Hirst, D. (2012) 'Recording the many faces of death at the Denbigh Asylum, 1848-1938', History of Psychiatry, 23: 1, 40-51.

Philo, C. (2012) 'Troubled proximities: asylums and cemeteries in nineteenth-century England', History of Psychiatry, 23:1, 91-103.

Snell, K.D.M. (2012) 'Churchyard closures, rural cemeteris and the village community in Leicestershire and Rutland, 1800-2010', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 63: 4, 721-757.


Mallios, S. and Caterino, D. (2011) 'Mortality, money and commemoration: social and economic factors in Southern California grave-marker change during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries', International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 15, 429-60.

Michael, P. and Hirst, D. (2011) 'Recording the many faces of death at the Denbigh Asylum, 1848-1938', History of Psychiatry, 23: 1, 40-51.

Tarlow, S. (2011) Ritual, Belief and the Dead in Early Modern Britain and Ireland, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thorsheim, P. (2011) 'The corpse in the garden: burial, health and the environment in nineteenth-century London', Environmental Health, 16:1, 1-31.


Maddrell, A., and Sideway, J. (eds) (2010) Deathscapes, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Herman, A. (2010) ‘Death has a touch of class: society and space in Brookwood   Cemetery, 1853-1903’, Journal of Historic Geography, 36: 3 (2010), pp. 305-314.

Jalland, P. (2010) Death in War and Peace: A History of Loss and Grief in England, 1914-1970, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Purvinas, M. & Purvinienė, M. (2010) Mažosios Lietuvos kapinės ir antkapiniai paminklai, I knyga [Cemeteries and tombstones in Lithuania Minor, 1st book], Kaunas: Technologija

West, K. (2010) A Guide to Woodland Burial, London: Shaw and Sons. 


Dennie, G. (2009) 'The standard of dying: race, indigence, and the disposal of the dead body in Johannesburg, 1886-1960', African Studies, 68, 3, pp310-329.

Matušakaitė, M. (2009) Išėjusiems atminti: Laidosena ir kapų ženklinimas LDK [In the memory for the deceased: burial and tomb marking in GDL], Vilnius: Vilniaus dailės akademijos leidykla

Smith,   M. (2009) ‘The Church of Scotland and the funeral industry in nineteenth-century Edinburgh’, The Scottish Historical Review, 88:225, pp. 108-133.


Arnold, A. J. and Bidmead, J. M. (2008) ‘Going “to paradise by way of Kensal Green”: a most unfit subject for trading profit? Business History, 50:3, pp. 328-350.

Black, M. A. (2008) ‘Reburying and rebuilding: reflecting on proper burial in Berlin   after “Zero Hour”, in A. Confino, P. Betts and D. Schumann (eds) Between Mass Death and Individual Loss:   The Place of the Dead in 20th Century Germany, Oxford: Berghahn Books.

Johnson, P. (2008) ‘The modern cemetery: a design for life’, Social and Cultural Geography, 9, 7, pp. 777-790.

Paknys, M. (2008) Mirtis LDK kultūroje [Death in the culture of GDL], Vilnius: Aidai.


Ansari, H. (2007) '"Burying the dead": making Muslim space in Britain', Historical Research, 80:210, 545-566.

Denk,   C. and Ziesemer, J. (eds) (2007) Der   Bürgerliche Tod: Städtische Bestattungskultur von der Aufklärung bis zum   Frühen 20. Jarhundert, München: ICOMOS.

Garattini, C. (2007) 'Creating memories: material culture and infantile death in contemporary Ireland', Mortality, 12:2, 193-206.


Chada, A. (2006) 'Ambivalent heritage: between affect and ideology in a colonial cemetery', Journal of Material Culture, 11:3, pp.339-363.

Harvey, T. (2006) 'Sacred places, common places: the cemetery in the contemporary American city', The Geographical Review, 96, 1, 295-312.

Jupp, P. C. (2006) From Dust to Ashes: Cremation and the British Way of Death, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Rugg, J. (2006). ‘Lawn cemeteries: the emergence of a new landscape of death’, Urban History, 33:2, pp. 213-233.


Betts, P., Confino, A and Schumann, D. (eds) (2005) Death in Germany, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Daniell, C. (2005) Death and Burial in Medieval England, London: Routledge.

Davies, D. (2005) A Brief History of Death, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Davies, D. and Mates, L. H. (2005) Encyclopaedia of Cremation, Aldershot: Ashgate.

Fischer, N. and M. Herzog (eds) (2005) Nekropolis: Der Friedhof als Ort der Toten under der Lebenden, (The Cemetery as a Place of the Dead and the Living) Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Francis, D., Kellaher, L., and Neophytou, G. (2005) The Secret Cemetery, Oxford: Berg.

Grainger, H. (2005) Death Redesigned: British Crematoria: History, Architecture   and Landscape, Reading: Spire Books.

Hurren, E. and King, S. (2005) ' "Begging for a burial": form, function and conflict in nineteenth-century pauper burial', Social History, 30, 3, 321-341.

Jenner, M. (2005) ‘Death, decomposition and dechristianisation? Public health and Christian burial in eighteenth-century England’ English Historical Studies, 487: CXX, pp. 615-632.

Kadish, S. (2005) ‘Bet hayim “House of Life”: an introduction to Jewish   funerary art and architecture in Britain ’, Transactions of the Ancient   Monuments Society, 49, pp31-58.

Kellaher, L., Prendergast, D., and Hockey, J. (2005) ‘In the shadow of the traditional grave,’ Mortality, 10, 4, pp. 237-250.

McFarland,   E. (2005) ‘Researching death, mourning and commemoration in modern Scotland’, Journal of Scottish Historical Studies,   24: 1, pp. 20-44.

Parsons, B. (2005) Committed to the Cleansing Flame: the Development of Cremation in Nineteenth-century England, Reading: Spire Books.

Scott, R. (2005) Death by Design: The True Story of the Glasgow Necropolis, Edinburgh: Black and White Publishing.

Strange, J-M. (2005) Death, Grief and Poverty in Britain, 1870-1914,   Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Walter, T. (2005) ‘Three ways to arrange a funeral: mortuary variation in the modern west’, Mortality, August, 10, 3, pp. 173-192.

Wells, G. and B. Bishop (2005) Researching your Graveyard, Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.


Cloke, P. and Jones, O. (2004) ‘Turning in the graveyard: trees and the hybrid   geographies of dwelling, monitoring and resistance in a Bristol cemetery’, Cultural Geographies, 11, pp. 313-341.

Girininkienė, V. (2004) Vilniaus kapinės [Cemeteries in Vilnius], Vilnius: Atkula.

Matthews, S. (2004) Poetical Remains: Poets’ Graves, Bodies, and Books in the Nineteenth Century, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mytum, H. (2004) Mortuary Monuments and Burial Grounds of the Historic Period, New York: Kluwer Academic, Plenum Publishers.

Worpole, K. (2004) Last Landscapes: The Architecture of the Cemetery in the West, London: Reaktion Books.


Dakin, A. (2003) Conservation of Historic Graveyards, Conference Proceedings, Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

Hubert, O. (2003) 'Espaces sacrés, distribution des corpse et groupes sociaux dands le Québec rural de 18e et 19e siècles', Annales de Bregagne et des Pays d l'Ouest, 110, 4, 115-124.

Young, B. (2003) Respectable Burial: Montreal’s Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press.


Dingwall, C. and White, L. (2002) ‘Garden cemeteries in Scotland ’, Garden History Society News, 64, pp7-9.

Gittos,   H. (2002) ‘Creating the sacred: Anglo-Saxon rituals for consecrating cemeteries’, in S. Lucy and A. Reynolds (eds), Burial in Early Medieval England and Wales, London: Society for Medieval Archaeology.

Harding, V. (2002) The Dead and the Living in Paris and London, 1500-1670, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Jalland, P. (2002) Australian Ways of Death: a Social and Cultural History 1840-1918, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Laqueur, T. (2002) ‘The places of the dead’, in C. Jones and D. Wahrman (eds) The Age of Cultural Revolutions: Britain and France, 1750-1820, Berkeley: University of California Press.

Tait, C. (2002) Death, Burial and Commemoration in Ireland 1550-1650, London: Palgrave Macmillan.


Curl, J. S. (ed.) (2001) Kensal Green Cemetery: the Origins and Development of the General Cemetery of All Souls, Kensal Green, London, 1824-2001, London:   Phillimore.

Fischer, N. (2001) Geschichte des Todes in der Neuzeit, (History of Death in Modern Times) Erfurt: Sutton.

Hallam, E. and Hockey, J. (2001) Death, Memory and Material Culture, Oxford: Berg.

Hockey, J., Katz, J. and Small, N. (2001) (eds) Grief, Mourning and Death Ritual, Buckingham: Open University Press.

Prothero, S. (2001) Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.


Gordon, B and Marshall, P. (eds) (2000) The Place of the Dead: Death and Remembrance in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gough, P. (2000) 'From heroes' groves to parks of peace: landscapes of remembrance, peace and protest', Landscape Research, 25, 2, pp. 213-228.

Hope, V. and Marshall, E. (eds) (2000) Death and Disease in the Ancient City, London: Routledge.

Koslofsky, C. (2000) The Reformation of the Dead: Death and Ritual in Early   Modern Germany, 1450-1700, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Merridale, C. (2000) Night of Stone: Death and Memory in Russia,   London: Granta.

Nash, G., (2000) ‘Pomp and circumstances:   archaeology, modernity and the corporatisation of death: early social and   political Victorian attitudes towards burial practice’, in P. M. Graves-Brown (ed.), Matter, Materiality and Culture, London: Routledge.

O’Shea, S. (2000) Death and Design in   Victorian Glasnevin, Dublin: Dublin Cemeteries Committee.

Rugg, J. (2000) ‘Defining the place of burial: what makes a cemetery a cemetery?’, Mortality, 5: 3, pp.238-259.

Wolffe,   J. (2000) Great Deaths: Grieving, Religion and Nationhood in Victorian and Edwardian Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Buckham,   S. (1999) ‘”The men that worked for England, they have their graves at home”: consumerist issues within the production and purchase of gravestones in Victorian York’ in S. Tarlow and S. West (eds) The Familiar Past? Archaologies of Later Historical Britain, London: Routledge.

Cressy, D. (1999) Birth, Marrriage and Death: Ritual, Religion and the Life-Cycle in Tudor and Stuart England, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Davies, J. (1999) Death, Burial and Rebirth in the Religions of Antiquity, London: Routledge.

Dymond, D. (1999) ‘God’s disputed acre’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 50, pp. 464-97.

Hallam, E., Hockey, J. and Howarth, G. (1999) Beyond the Body, Routledge: London.

Heathcote,   E. (1999) Monument Builders: Modern Architecture and Death, Chichester: Academy Editions.

Jupp,   P. C. and Gittings, C. (eds) (1999) Death   in England: An Illustrated History, Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Kong, L. (1999) ‘Cemeteries and columbaria, memorials and mausoleums: narrative and   interpretation in the study of deathscapes in geography’, Australian Geographical Studies, 37: 1, pp. 1-10.

Pearson, M. P. (1999) The Archaeology of Death and Burial, Stroud: Sutton   Publishing Ltd.

Reimers, E. (1999) ‘Death and identity: graves and funerals as cultural communication’, Mortality, 4, 2, pp. 147-66.

Tarlow, S. and West, S. (eds) (1999) The Familiar Past? Archaeologies of Later Historical Britain, London: Routledge.

Tarlow, S. (1999) Bereavement and Commemoration: an Archaeology of Mortality, Oxford: Blackwell.

Verdery, K. (1999) The Political Lives of Dead Bodies: Reburial and Post-socialist Change, Chichester: Columbia University Press.

Walter, T. (1999) On Bereavement: The Culture of Grief, Buckingham: Open University Press.


Cox, M. (ed.) (1998) Grave Concerns: Death and Burial in England, 1700-1850, York: CBA.

Daniell, C. (1998) Death and Burial in Medieval England 1066-1550, London: Routledge.

Houlbrooke, R. (1998) Death, Religion and the   Family in England 1480-1750, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lloyd, D. (1998) Battlefield Tourism: Pilgrimage and Commemoration of the Great War in Britain, Australia and Canada, Oxford: Berg.

Vance, J. (1998) Death So Noble: Memory, Meaning and the First World War, Vancouver, Canada: UBC Press.


Davies,   D. (1997) Death, Ritual and Belief: the Rhetoric of Funerary Rites, Washington DC: Cassell.

Drakeford , M. (1997) Funerals, Poverty and Social Exclusion, Cardiff: National Local Government Against Poverty in Wales .

Ekelund, R. B. (1997) ‘Nineteenth century market failure? Chadwick on funeral industry regulation’, Journal of Regulatory Economics, 12, 27, pp. 27-51.

Jonker, G. (1997) ‘Death, gender and memory: remembering loss and burial as a migrant’, in D. Field, J. Hockey and N. Small (eds) Death, Gender and   Ethnicity, London: Routledge.

Jupp, P. C. and G. Howarth, G. (eds) (1997) The Changing Face of Death: Historical Accounts of Death and Disposal, Macmillan: Basingstoke.

Langtry, J. and Carter, N. (eds) (1997) Mount Jerome: a Victorian Cemetery, Dublin Staybro: Mount Jerome History Project.

Susser, B. (1997) Alderney Road Jewish Cemetery, London E1 1697-1853, London: United Synagogue.

Upton, D. (1997) ‘The urban cemetery and the urban community: the origin of the New Orleans Cemetery ’, in A. Adams and S. A. McMurry (eds) Exploring   Everyday Landscapes: Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press.


Bourke, J. (1996) Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London: Reaktion Books.

Laderman, G. (1996), The Sacred Remains: American Attitudes towards Death   1789-1883, New Haven, South Connecticut: Yale University Press.


Davies, D. and Shaw, A. (1995) Reusing Old Graves: a Report on Popular   British Attitudes, Crayford: Shaw and Sons.

Czerner, O. and I. Juszkiewicz (eds) (1995) Cemetery Art, ICOMOS: Wroclaw. 

Gibson, E. and Ward, G. K. (1995) Courage Remembered, London: HMSO.

Halsall, G. (1995) Early Medieval Cemeteries, Glasgow: Cruithne Press.

Robin, R. (1995) ‘“A foothold in Europe”: the aesthetics and politics of American war cemeteries in Western Europe ’, Journal of American Studies,   29, pp.55-72.

Sloane, D. C. (1995) The Last Great Necessity: Cemeteries in American History, Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.

Winter, J. (1995) Sites of Memory, Sites of Mourning, Cambridge:   Cambridge University Press.

Yeoh, B. S. A. and Hui, T. B. (1995) ‘The politics of space: changing discourses on Chinese burial grounds in post-war Singapore’, Journal of Historical   Geography, 21, 2, pp.184-201.


Etlin, R. (1994) Symbolic Space: French Enlightenment Architecture and its Legacy, Chicago, Ill: University of Chicago Press.

Girininkiene, V. and Paulauskas, A. (1994) Vilniaus bernardinu kapinės [Vilnius Bernardines cemetery], Vilnius: Mintis.

Goody, J. and Poppi, C. (1994) ‘Flowers and bones: approaches to the dead in Anglo-American and Italian cemeteries’, Journal of Contemporary Studies of Society and History, 36, 1, pp.146-75.

Kath, L. (1994) Forest Lawn Memorial-Parks: A Place for the Living, Glendale, California: Forest Lawn Memorial-Parks.

Laqueur, T. W. (1994) ‘Memory and naming in the Great War’, in J. R. Gillis (ed) Commemorations: The Politics of National Identity, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Martin, S. K. (1994) ‘Monuments in the garden: the garden cemetery in Australia’, Postcolonial Studies, 3: 7, pp.333-352. 

Nicol, R. (1994) At the End of the Road: Government, Society and the   Disposal of Human Remains in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, St   Leonards NSW: Allen and Unwin. (Australia).


Clark, D. (ed.) (1993) The Sociology of Death: Theory, Culture and Practice, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

Vovelle, M. (1993) L’Heure du Grand Passage: Cronique de la Mort (The Time of Great Transition: A Chronicle of Death), Paris: Gallimard.

Constant, C. (1994) The Woodland Cemetery: Towards a Spiritual Landscape, Stockholm: Byggförlaget.

Curl, J. S. (1993) A Celebration of Death, London: Batsford.

Meyer, R. E. (1993) Ethnicity and the American Cemetery, Bowling Green, OH:   Bowling Green State University Popular Press.

Kselman, T. (1993) Death and the Afterlife in Modern France, Princetown,   NJ: Princetown University Press.

Pickles, J. D. (1993) The Victorian Cemetery: an Illustrated   Exhibition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Library.

Reeve,   J. and Adams, M. (1993) The Spitalfields Project: vol 1 - the Archaeology. Across the Styx, York : Council for British   Archaeology.

Tyson,   N. (1993) ‘Candie Cemetery and its monuments: death and self-presentation in 19th century St Peter Port, Guernsey', Societé Guernestaine Report and Transactions, 23, 3, pp.599-626.

Walter,   T. (1993) ‘Dust not ashes: the American preference for burial’, Landscape, 32, 1, pp.42-48.

Walter, T. (1993) ‘War grave pilgrimage’, in I. Reader and T. Walter (eds) Pilgrimage in Popular Culture, Basingstoke: Macmillan.


Bassett, S. (1992) (ed.) Death in Towns: Urban Responses to the Dying and the Dead, 100-1600, Leicester: Leicester University Press.

Meyer, R. E. (ed.) (1992) Cemeteries and Gravemarkers: Voices of American Culture, Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press.

Rugg, J. (1992) 'The emergence of cemetery companies in Britain, 1820-1853' unpublished PhD thesis, University of Stirling. Download here: Rugg thesis (PDF , 17,394kb) 


Borg, A. (1991) War Memorials, London: Leo Cooper.

Colvin, H. (1991) Architecture and the Afterlife, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Davies, D. J. (1991) Cremation Today and Tomorrow, Nottingham: Alcuin/Grow Books.

Ernst, J. (1991) ‘Land for the living? The land use and conservation of urban cemeteries and churchyards’, Local   Government Policy Making, 17, 4, 14-22.

Finch, J. (1991) ‘“According to the qualitie and degree of the person deceased”: funerary monuments and the construction of social identities 1400-1750', Scottish   Archaeological Review, 8, pp.105-14.

Huntingdon, R. and Metcalf, P. (1991) Celebrations of Death: the Anthropology of Mortuary Ritual, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

James, D. (1991) Undercliffe: Bradford’s Historic Victorian Cemetery, Halifax: Ryeburn Publishing.

Kenna, M. E. (1991) ‘The power of the dead: changes in the construction and care of graves and family vaults on a small Greek island’, Journal of   Mediterranean Studies, 1, pp.101-19.

Llewellyn, N. (1991) The Art of Death: Visual Culture in the English Death Ritual c1500-1800, London: Reaktion Books.

Murray, H. (1991) This Garden of Death: the History of   the York Cemetery, York: Friends of York Cemetery

Walter, T. (1991) ‘Modern death: taboo or not taboo?’ Sociology, 25, 2, pp.293-310.


Barnard, S. (1990) To Prove I’m Not Forgot, Manchester: Manchester   University Press.

Hawkins, D., ‘The Black Death and the new London cemeteries of 1348’, Antiquity, 64 (1990), pp. 637-42.

Mosse, G. (1990) Fallen Soldiers: Reshaping the Memory of the World Wars, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Brooks, C. (1989) ‘Burying Tom Sayers: heroism, class and the Victorian cemetery’, Victorian Society Annual, 4-20.

Brooks, C., Elliot, B., Litten, J., Robinson, E., Robinson, R. and Temple, P. (1989) Mortal   Remains, Wheaton: Exeter.

Cannon, A. et al. (1989) ‘The historical dimension in mortuary expressions of status and sentiment’, Current Anthropology, 30: 4, pp.437-458.

Houlbrooke, R. (ed.) (1989) Death, Ritual and Bereavement, London: Routledge.

Linden-Ward, B. (1989) Silent Cemetery on a Hill: Landscapes of Memory and   Boston’s Mount Auburn Cemetery, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University   Press.

Nylander, C. (1989) ‘The Protestant Cemetery in Rome: the project and its background’,   in (eds) A. M. Ippolito and P. Vian, The Protestant Cemetery in Rome : the ‘Parte Antica’, Rome : Unione Internazionale Degli Insituti di Archeologia Storia e Storia dell’arte in Roma.

Prior, L. (1989) The Social Organisation of Death, Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Weston, D. A. (1989) The Sleeping City: the Story of Rookwood Necropolis, Sydney, NSW: Hale and Iremonger. (Australia).


Girininkiene, V. and Paulauskas, A. (1988) Rasos, Vilnius: Mintis.

Kselman, T. (1988) ‘Funeral conflicts in nineteenth century France ’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, 30, pp.312-332.

Mayo, J. (1988) ‘War memorials as political memory’, Geographical Review, 78, 1, pp. 62-75.


Richardson, R. (1987) Death, Dissection and the Destitute, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Goode, P. and B. Elliott (1986) ‘Cemeteries’, in Jellicoe, G., Jellicoe, S., Goode,  P. and Lancaster, M. (eds) Oxford Companion to Gardens , Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Kelly, G. (1986) Mortal Politics in Eighteenth Century France, Waterloo, Canada: University of Waterloo Press.


Etlin, R. (1984) The Architecture of Death: The Transformation of the Cemetery in Eighteenth-Century Paris, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gittings, C. (1984) Death, Burial and the Individual, London: Croom Helm.

Joyce, P. (1984) A Guide to Abney Park Cemetery, London: Save Abney Park Publication. (London)

Rotundo, B. (1984) ‘Mount Auburn: a fortunate co-incidence and an ideal solution’, Journal of Garden History, 4, 3 pp.255-67.

Schyler, D. (1984) ‘The evolution of the Anglo-American rural cemetery: landscape architecture as social and cultural history’, Journal of Garden   History, 4, 3, pp.291-304.

Wilkinson, T. (1984) ‘British cemeteries in South Asia: an aspect of social history’, Asian Affairs, 15, 1, pp.46-54.


Ariès, P. trans H. Weaver (1983) The Hour of Our Death, Harmondsworth: Penguin.

De Pina-Cabral, J. and R. Feijó (1983) ‘Conflicting attitudes to death in modern   Portugal: the question of cemeteries’, Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford, 14, 1, pp.17-43.

Laqueur, T. (1983) ‘Bodies, death and pauper funerals’, Representations, 1, pp.109-31.

Taylor, L. (1983) Mourning Dress: a Costume and Social History, London:   Allan and Unwin.

Clark, D. (1983) Between Pulpit and Pew: Folk   Religion in a North Yorkshire Fishing Village, Cambridge: Cambridge   University Press.

Hijya, J. A. (1983) 'American gravestones and attitudes towards death: a brief history', Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 127, 5, pp. 339-363.


Jordan, T. G. (1982) Texas Graveyards: a Cultural Legacy, Austin, Tx: University of Texas Press.

Pearson,   M. P. (1982) ‘Mortuary practices, society and ideology: an   ethno-archaeological study’ in I. Hodder (ed.) Symbolic and   Structural Archaeology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wade-Matthews,   M. (1982) Grave Matters: A Walk Through   Welford Road Cemetery, Leicester, Loughborough: Heart of Albion Press.


Cannadine, D. (1981) ‘War and death, grief and mourning in Modern Britain’, in J. Whaley (ed.) Mirrors of Mortality, London: Europa.

Dethlefsen,   E. S. (1981) ‘The cemetery and culture change: archaeological focus and   ethnographic perspective’, in R. A. Gould and M. B. Schiffer (eds) Modern   Material Culture: The Archaeology of Us, New York, NY: Academic Press.

McManners,   J. (1981) Death and the Enlightenment, Oxford: Oxford University   Press.

McManners,   J. (1981) ‘Death and the French historians’, in J. Whaley (ed.) Mirrors   of Mortality, London: Europa.

Meller,   H. (1981) London Cemeteries: an Illustrated Guide and Gazetteer,   London: Scholar Press.

Whaley,   J. (1981) ‘The disposal of the dead in seventeenth and eighteenth century   Hamburg ’, in J. Whaley (ed.) Mirrors of Mortality, London:   Europa.


Farrell, J. (1980) Inventing the American Way of Death   1830-1920, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Tamason, C. A. (1980) ‘From mortuary to cemetery: funeral riots and funeral demonstrations in Lille, 1779-1870', Social Science History, 4, 1, pp. 15-31.

1970s and earlier

Allington, M. (1978) Unquiet Earth: a History of   the Bolton Street Cemetery, Wellington: Ministry of Works   and Development. (Wellington, NZ).


Rawnsley, S. and Reynolds, J. (1977) ‘Undercliffe Cemetery, Bradford ’, History   Workshop, 4, pp.215-21.

Stamp, G. (1977) Silent Cities: an Exhibition of the Memorials and Cemetery   Architecture of the Great War, London: RIBA.

Stannard,   D. E. (1977) The Puritan Way of Death: a Study in Religion,   Culture and Social Change, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Obelkevich, J. (1976) Religion and Rural Society: South Lindsey 1825-75,   Oxford: Clarendon.


Krull, A. (1975) New England Cemeteries: A Collector’s Guide,   Brattleboro, VT: The Stephen Greene Press.

Francaviglia, R. (1971) ‘The cemetery as an evolving cultural landscape’, Annals of   the Association of American Geographers, 61, 3, pp.501-9.

Brown, F. (1973) Père Lachaise: Elysium as Real Estate, New York, NY: Viking Press.


Morley,   J. (1971) Death, Heaven and the Victorians, London: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Toynbee, J. M. C. (1971) Death and Burial in the Roman World, London: Thames and Hudson.


Gorer, G. (1965) Death, Grief and Mourning in Contemporary Britain, London: The Cresset Press.


Burgess, F. (1963) English Churchyard Memorials, London: Lutterworth Press.


Finer, S. E. (1952) The Life and Times of Sir Edwin Chadwick, London: Methuen.

Lewis, R. A. (1952) Edwin Chadwick and the Public Health Movement, London: Longman, Green and Company.