Cynthia McDougall
Professor

Profile

Biography

BA Psychology – University of Newcastle

Ph.D.  Psychology – University of York.

Has in-depth practical and research experience of offence-related issues, having worked as a probation officer in the community and as a psychologist in prisons, achieving the most senior psychology position in those agencies of Head of Psychology for Prison and Probation Services, England and Wales. She set up the Centre for Criminal Justice Economics and Psychology at the University of York, and was the first Director of the University’s MSc in Applied Forensic Psychology.  Her research interests are in understanding criminal behaviour, behavioural assessment of risk of re-offending, developing research-evidence-based programmes to change offending behaviour and evaluating effectiveness using randomised controlled methodologies.  She currently collaborating on research into neural networks and offence risk prediction, and advising on evaluating French probation practice in collaboration with the Law Faculty at the University of Reims. 

 

 

 

 

Career

  • Psychologist – HM Prisons Acklington, Castington, Frankland and Wakefield (1980 – 1989).
  • Head of HM Prison Service Psychology (1990 – 1999)
  • Head of Psychology for Prison and Probation Services (1999-2001)
  • Director and Co-Director of University of York Centre for Criminal Justice Economics & Psychology (2001 – 2010)
  • Director of University of York MSc in Applied Forensic Psychology (2004-2007)
  • Consultant to Durham Probation Service (now DTV Probation Trust)  (2004 – 2012)
  • Ministry of Justice Independent Investigator European Convention of Human Rights  (2008 – 2010)  
Honours
  • 1998   Received award of Officer of the Order of the British Empire (0BE) in the Queen’s Birthday Honours List
  • 2003   Listed in ‘Top Ten Forensic Psychologists in Great Britain’ in Independent on Sunday.
  • 2009-2010  Listed in ‘Who’s Who in the World’.
  • 2009   Elected Fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology.

 

Research

Overview

Her research has been directed towards understanding criminal behaviour and topics which have a practical application to reducing crime.  These have included research on anger management, violent behaviour, risk assessment, bullying and the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of sentencing. She also conducted one of the first large scale randomised controlled trials in recent years in HM Prison Service, evaluating the effectiveness of an offending behaviour programme, and conducted a randomised controlled trial in the Probation Service evaluating evidenced-based probation supervision.  She has recently been responsible for the development and evaluation of a new behavioural risk assessment model in prisons to assist Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements for high risk offenders in the community.

Grants

  • 2008 – 9.  Evaluation of Citizenship Programme, Prison Service Regional Offender Mgr.    £58,000        
  • 2008 Implementation and evaluation of ADViSOR Project, PS Regional Offender Mgr.   £28 041
  • 2004 -7 Evaluation of cognitive-behavioural offending behaviour programme, Home Office   £468,773           
  • 2003 Offender Needs Survey, North Yorkshire Probation  £11,593
  • 2001-2 Women Offenders, North Yorkshire Probation  £11,872
  • 2001-2      Quantified Outcomes of Volunteering, Home Office.  £27,938
  • 2001-4     Start-up funding. Centre for Criminal Justice Economics, Home Office      £750,000 

Available PhD research projects

(Not at present)

Publications

Full publications list

  • McDougall, C., Pearson, D.A.S., Garcia Reyes, M., & Torgerson D.J. (2015).  Interim Outcome Measures Evaluation.  Grant Funded Report Submission June, 2015: 2014-110 - The Independent Evaluation of the Economic, Psychological and Social Effects of Prisoner Self-Service Kiosks.  Unilink.com
  • McDougall, C., & Pearson, D.A.S. (2014).  Process Evaluation. Grant Funded Report Submission October, 2014: 2014-110 - The Independent Evaluation of the Economic, Psychological and Social Effects of Prisoner Self-Service Kiosks. Unilink.com
  • Pearson, D.A.S., McDougall, C., Kanaan, M., Torgerson, D.J., & Bowles, R.A.  (2014).  Evaluation of the Citizenship Evidence-Based Probation Supervision Program using a Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. Crime & Delinquency. Published online 17 April, 2014. DOI: 10.1177/00111287145.    Retrieved: http://cad.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/04/16/0011128714530824
  • McDougall, C., Pearson, D.A.S., Willoughby, H., & Bowles, R.A.B. (2013). Evaluation of the ADViSOR project: Cross-situational behaviour monitoring of high-risk offenders in prison and the community. Legal & Criminological Psychology Psychology, 18, 2, 205-228.
  • McDougall, C., Pearson, D.A.S., Willoughby, H., & Bowles, R.A.B. (2013). Evaluation d'un project d'evaluation du risque base sur l'observation des detenus (ADViSOR). Actualite Juridique Penal, No. 4, 204-207. 
  • Pearson, D.A.S., McDougall, C., Kanaan, M., Bowles, R.A., & Torgerson, D.J. (2010). Reducing criminal recidivism: Evaluation of a structured process for probation supervision. Journal of Experimental Criminology. Published online, 15 September 2010.     Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id-111865
  • McDougall, C., Pearson, D.A.S., Bowles, R.A., & Cornick, J. (2010).  Institutional offence behaviour monitoring as an aid to community supervision of high risk offenders: Experience from Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements. In M. Daffern, L. Jones, & J. Shine (Eds.). Offence paralleling behaviour: An individualised approach to offender assessment and treatment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. 
  • Pearson, D.A.S., Torgerson, D.J., McDougall, C., & Bowles, R.A. (2010). Parable of two agencies, one of which randomises. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 628, 1, 11-29.
  • McDougall, C., Perry, A.E., Clarbour, J., Bowles, R.A., & Worthy, G. (2009).   Evaluation of HM Prison Service Enhanced Thinking Skills Programme:  Report on the outcomes from a randomised controlled trial.  London: Ministry of Justice. Retrieved from http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/enhanced-thinking-skills-programme.htm
  • McDougall, C., Clarbour, J., Perry, A.E., & Bowles, R.A. (2009).   Evaluation of HM Prison Service Enhanced Thinking Skills Programme:  Report on the implementation of a randomised controlled trial.  London:  Ministry of Justice. Retrieved from http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/enhanced-thinking-skills-programme.htm
  • McDougall, C., (2008). The Economic Management of Offenders. Invited submission to the Parliamentary Select Committee on Justice Reinvestment, House of Commons. http://www.parliament.uk/parliamentary_committees/justice/. 
  • McDougall, C., Cohen, M., Swaray, R., & Perry, A. (2008). A benefit-cost analysis of sentencing. Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group Systematic Reviews. http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/CCJG/reviews/published. 
  • McDougall, C., Cohen, M., Swaray, R., & Perry A. (2006). Policy choices for a safer society: costs and benefits of sentencing. In B. C. Welsh & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Preventing Crime: What works for children, offenders, victims and places. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer. 
  • McDougall, C., Perry, A., & Farrington, D. P. (2006). Reducing crime. In A. Perry, C. McDougall & D.P. Farrington (Eds.). Reducing crime: The effectiveness of criminal justice interventions. Chichester, U.K: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. 
  • McDougall, C., Perry, A., & Farrington, D.P. (2006). Overview of effectiveness of criminal justice interventions in the UK. In A. Perry, C. McDougall & D.P. Farrington (Eds.). Reducing crime: The effectiveness of criminal justice interventions. Chichester, U.K: John Wiley and Sons Ltd. 
  • Godfrey, C., Parrott, S., Eaton, G., Culyer, A. J., & McDougall, C. (2005). Can we model the impact of increased drug treatment expenditure on the UK drug market? In M. Grossman & B. Lindgren (Series Eds.) & B. Lindgren & M. Grossman (Vol. Eds.), Advances in health economics and health services research: Volume 16. Substance use: individual behaviour, social interactions, markets and politics. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Ltd. 
  • McDougall, C., Cohen, M.A., Swaray, R., & Perry, A. (2003).   Cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness of sentencing:  A systematic review of the literature.  Protocol, Campbell Collaboration.  Retrieved from http://www.campbellcollaboration.org/library.php. 
  • McDougall, C., Cohen, M., Swaray, R., & Perry A. (2003). The costs and benefits of sentencing: a systematic review. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 587, 160-177. 
  • Moore, S. C., Harris, R., McDougall, C., & Clarbour, J. (2003) Male and female reasoning biases and offending behaviour. Journal of Criminal Justice, 31, 497-507. 
  • Godfrey, C., Eaton, G., McDougall, C. & Culyer, A. J. (2002). The economic and social costs of Class A drug use in England and Wales. London: Home Office Research Study 249. 

 

 

Teaching

Postgraduate

Senior Research Associate of the MSc in Applied Forensic Psychology.

Research project supervision of students on MSc in Applied Forensic Psychology Course

Member of Department Ethics Committee (Forensic)

External activities

Memberships

  • Consultant Psychologist to Durham Tees Valley Probation Trust (2004-2012)
  • Advisor to HM Prison Service Yorkshire and Humberside on suicide prevention strategies and culture change in prisons, 2007 – 2009.
  • Invited to give evidence to Parliamentary Justice Reinvestment Committee on the economic management of offenders, 2008.
  • Ministry of Justice - Independent Investigator into ‘near death in custody’ under Article 2 of the European Convention of Human Rights, 2008 – 2010.

Invited talks and conferences

  • December 2012. University of Reims, Champagne-Ardennes. Conference on Effectiveness of Sentencing Policies. Invited presentation (in French) on Evidence-based practice in Internation Probation.
  • November 2012. Invited presentation to England and Wales Probation Chiefs Association: 'Workshop on Measuring Performance in Probation'. Plenary on: 'Common Sense in Performance Management'.
  • April 2012. University of Cambridge. International conference to celebrate the career of Professor David Farrington (2013 Stockholm Prize winner for contributions to criminology). Invited to speak on Professor Farrington's contribution to policy and practice.
  • November 2011. National Offender Management Service North East Senior Leaders Meeting.  Invited presentation on Reducing Re-offending.
  • June 2010. Durham Tees Valley Trust Inaugural Management Conference. Invited presentation on Evidence-based practice.
  • 2009 American Society of Criminology Annual Conference, Philadelphia, on receipt of Fellowship Award of the Academy of Experimental Criminology.
  • 2008 Presentation to Psychology Department, University of Bonn, Germany.
  • 2006 British Criminology Society Conference. Invited by Home Office Research Directorate as discussant of their presentation at BCS Conference in Glasgow
  • 2004 University of Nuremburg. Open lecture at University attended by senior members of German judiciary and prosecution service.
  • 2003 Home Office Research Conference. Informing senior managers and senior civil servants of most important and recent research findings.   
  • 2003  Treasury Seminar and Treasury Advisory Meeting.  Invited as principal speaker at Treasury internal seminar to speak on effectiveness of criminal justice interventions, attended by Permanent Secretary. 
  • 2003  Scottish Parliament Select Committee on Criminal Justice. Invited as an
  • advisor on risk assessment/risk management.       
  • 2002  Home Office Ministerial Corrections Board,  attended by Home Office Ministers and Permanent Secretary.  Invited to present on effective sentencing to inform future policy development of Criminal Justice Bill.
  • 2001  Campbell Collaboration Conference presentation to invited members of the US Senate, Washington, on costs and benefits of sentencing.  Included in a small number of internationally recognised experts selected to present.

Contact details

Cynthia McDougall
Professor
Department of Psychology
Room PS/A103

Tel: 01904 322918