Philippe M. Frowd
Philippe M. Frowd is Lecturer in International Relations in the Department of Politics at the University of York. His primary research interest is in the transnational governance of security in West Africa’s Sahel region, with an emphasis on interventions around irregular migration and border control. Dr Frowd’s work draws on ongoing fieldwork in the region and has appeared in Security Dialogue, Millennium, International Political Sociology, and the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. He has worked on border policing practices in Mauritania and Senegal through the cases of police cooperation, the reinforcement of border infrastructure and the deployment of digital identification technologies. This research, which focused on the social dynamics of security professionals as well as new technologies of border control such as biometrics, forms the basis of his first book Security at the Borders: Transnational Practices and Technologies in West Africa (Cambridge University Press, 2018). Dr Frowd’s most recent project — funded by the British Academy — has been on the local effects of international efforts to curb migrant smuggling in Niger. In his most recent fieldwork, he is interested in how the designation of Niger as a ‘transit’ state shapes international and local security practices. He is also investigating the role of the political economy of migrant smuggling in the country and how it frames the creation of new agencies to govern mobility. While Dr Frowd’s broader research interests are in borders and migration, critical security studies, and African politics, he has also come to research and write on issues related to the politics of surveillance and privacy, especially in developing countries, for diverse audiences. He obtained his PhD in Political Science from McMaster University in 2015, having completed his first two degrees at the University of Ottawa. Prior to joining the University of York in 2015, he was a Research Fellow at the University of Sheffield.