Tutor: Sabine Clarke
Module type: MA Option
Module Code: HIS00040M
At present substantial sums of money are spent by governments, business and philanthropists on medical research. This research ranges from experimental work in the laboratory to produce new techniques for disease control to the testing of innovations on animals and humans. How did such research by doctors and scientists come to have such a central place in medicine? What issues arose as a consequence of the rise of modern medical research? What have been the social, political and economic implications of new drugs and conceptions of disease? How do these relate to the national and international systems of health care provision that emerged in the twentieth century?
This course will examine a literature that has considered the changing nature of medicine from the late eighteenth century and looks to explain the increasing importance of the laboratory and clinical sciences. Historians have rejected simple progressionist accounts of the rise of scientific medicine and have sought to place the turn towards research in a wider context, whilst at the same time examining the problematic nature of some its effects.
The likely seminar programme is as follows: