Mr Arnab Chakraborty. Project title: ‘Medical transformations in Madras Presidency: Military and Civilian perspectives (1890-1940)’. I will specifically look into the transformation of western medicine, as it moved from a military to a civilian focus. The western medicine was first introduced in India in the military sector as British were still looking for territorial expansion and consolidation. Gradually after 1857 the medical field began to expand as the crown wanted to bring the Indians under the fold as well. I will look into the way western medical technologies were introduced and diffused in Madras Presidency, which is in the Southern part of India. Along with that I will look into the way clinical trials which were undertaken in the military barracks came to impact the soldiers and the general public of Madras. Finally my work will try to understand the role played by Indian Medical Service as well as the more localised Subordinate Medical Service in this crossover of technology and the policy implementations. For understanding these ideas and concepts I will depend on the primary documents mostly which are scattered in many of the archives in the UK as well as in India. Arnab's research is funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Ms Sarah Hartley. Provisional title: The international politics of maternal and child nutrition in the South Pacific 1945-1980. My research is on nutrition programmes in the South Pacific Region, with a particular focus on Fiji, in the post-war era. I am interested in collaborations between WPRO and/or FAO with colonial and/or regional health and/or development agencies and women's and/or Christian organisations in the South Pacific islands. I am seeking to trace how their conflicting and converging ideas of gender, race, security and governance impacted the design and delivery of programmes which sought to tackle maternal and child malnutrition. I hope to build a complex picture which demonstrates that nutrition policy was formed through a process of inter-organisational negotiation rather than by single organisations setting the agenda. Sarah's research is funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Ms Joanna Lunt. Project title: ‘International Health, Water and the Political Economy of Development: Uganda & Sudan 1898-1995’. The provision of clean water has come to define health agendas in the twenty-first century, finding advocates in national governments, international and global institutions, and in non-governmental organisations (NGOs). My research analyses the extent to which water shaped and defined health discourse in twentieth century (c.1925-1985) Uganda and Sudan. This research crosses colonial and post-colonial boundaries, examining the varied involvement of selected international organisations and NGOS (League of Nations Health Organisation, the World Health Organization, Rockefeller Foundation, Ford Foundation and Oxfam) in the development of water-related policies in colonial and independent Uganda and Sudan. By using water as a lens to understand the health histories of these territories, my research has highlighted the necessity of using material from not only health, but also development and other alternative discourses. As such, this research provides a nuanced understanding of the relationship between water, health and development in the twentieth century. Jo's research is funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Mr Ben Walker. Project title: ‘Religion, Medical Aid and International Health: Colonial and Post-Colonial Development, and Smallpox Control and Eradication in Ghana, 1950-1980’. Ben’s key questions will include: How did ideology and religion figure in competing visions of international health programmes, particularly smallpox eradication and control, in Ghana after 1950? And, how did such debates and ideas influence the efforts of various actors in providing medical aid on the ground? The aim is to provide a unique long-term perspective on how religious and ideological factors influenced the policies of international organisations. The interplay between local politics, medical missions and the aims of their funders, in the context of the emergence of Ghana as an independent state, will be explored. Ben’s thesis will break new ground by a taking a long view, and studying the periods both before and after independence. The project will begin by researching the relations between the state, smallpox structures and missionaries in colonial Ghana. Ben's research is funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Ms Lu Chen. Project title: ‘China in the Worldwide Eradication of Smallpox, 1949-1980: Recovering and Democratizing Histories of International Health'. Lu's research examines how smallpox eradication was conceived, planned and delivered in China, and what international, regional, national and local political negotiations made success possible. She is seeking to study the engagements between the Chinese central government, World Health Organisation (WHO) HQ and WHO Western Pacific Region Office (WHO WPRO), national aid agencies from overseas, and select Chinese municipal and provincial governments to develop a detailed, complex assessment of the conceptualisation, planning and delivery of smallpox eradication in China. Lu's research is funded by the Wellcome Trust.