PROximal Fracture of the Humerus: Evaluation by Randomisation Trial no. 2 (PROFHER-2 Trial)

Fractures of the proximal humerus are common in people over 65 years of age who have had a fall. When the bone is broken into more than two parts it is considered complex and there are three treatments that are regularly used: hemiarthroplasty, reverse shoulder arthroplasty, and non-surgical care. Hemiarthroplasty involves replacing only the broken 'ball' of the joint and reverse shoulder arthroplasty replaces both the ball and socket, but replaces the ball with a socket and the socket with a ball (hence ‘reverse’). Non-surgical care is where the arm is supported in a sling to allow the broken bone to heal naturally. It is not known which of these is the most effective treatment.

PROFHER-2 will assess whether reverse shoulder arthroplasty is more effective than hemiarthroplasty for complex fractures of the proximal humerus and if these methods are more effective than non-surgical treatment. This will be a multi-centre randomised controlled trial where patients will receive one of these treatments and will also receive physiotherapy. The study aims to randomise 380 patients, 152 to each of the surgical treatments and 76 to the non-surgical treatment. The primary outcome that will be measured is change in the Oxford Shoulder Score after 24 months. The associated costs of these treatments to the NHS will also be evaluated.

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Funder(s) NIHR HTA
Start Date 1 December 2017
End Date 31 November 2023


Internal Staff

External Collaborators

Trials and Statistics Research in the Department of Health Sciences