enquiries@pcmis.com     01904 321 322

01904 321 322

Research papers

Research papers

Research papers

Research studies with links to PCMIS

Below is a list of peer reviewed studies that have used PCMIS and influenced developments in the PCMIS system. Futher down the page, we also list some other mental health research studies that may be of interest; click here to go straight to these studies.


Delgadillo J, Overend K, Lucock M, Groom M, Kirby N, McMillan D, Gilbody S et al (2017) Improving the efficiency of psychological treatment using outcome feedback technology, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 99, 89-97.

Lewis H, Adamson J, Atherton K, Bailey D, Birtwistle J, Bosanquet K, et al (2017) CollAborative care and active surveillance for Screen-Positive EldeRs with subthreshold depression (CASPER): a multicentred randomised controlled trial of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Health Technol Assess 2017;21(8).


Richards, D. A., Ekers, D., McMillan, D., Taylor, R. S., Byford, S., Warren, F. C., Barrett, B., Farrand, P. A., Gilbody, S., Kuyklen, W., O’Mahen, H.,Watkins, E., Wright, K. A., Hollon, S. D., Reed, N., Rhodes, S., Fletcher, S., Finning, K. (2016). Cost and outcome of Behavioural Activation versus Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for depression (COBRA): A randomised, controlled, non-inferiority trial. The Lancet.


Delgadillo, J., Gore, S., Ali, S., Ekers, D., Gilbody, S., Gilchrist, G., McMillan, D., Hughes, E. (2015). Feasibility randomized controlled trial of cognitive and behavioral interventions for depression symptoms in patients accessing drug and alcohol treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 55, 6-14.

Bosanquet, K., Mitchell, N., Gabe, R., Lewis, H., McMillan, D., Ekers, D., Bailey, D., & Gilbody, S. (2015). Diagnostic accuracy of the Whooley depression tool in older adults in UK primary care. Journal of Affective Disorders, 182, 39-43.


C. Edward Watkins, Jr., Derek L. Milne. The Wiley International Handbook of Clinical Supervision. (The first handbook to examine the theory, research, and practice of clinical supervision from an international, multi-disciplinary perspective, includes original articles by contributors from around the world, including Australia, Finland, Hong Kong, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.)

Ali, S., Littlewood, E., McMillan, D., Delgadillo, J., Miranda, A., Croudace, T., Gilbody, S. (2014). Heterogeneity in Patient-Reported Outcomes following Low-Intensity Mental Health Interventions: A Multilevel Analysis. PLoS ONE, 9(9).

Böhnke, J.R., Lutz, W., Delgadillo, J. (2014). Negative affectivity as a transdiagnostic factor in patients with common mental disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 166, 270–278.

Delgadillo, J., McMillan, D., Leach, C., Lucock, M., Gilbody, S., Wood, N. (2014). Benchmarking routine psychological services: A discussion of challenges and methods. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42, 16–30.

Delgadillo, J., McMillan, D., Lucock, M., Leach, C., Ali, S., Gilbody, S., (2014). Early changes, attrition and dose-response in low intensity psychological interventions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53, 114–130.

Overend, K., Lewis, H., Bailey, D., Bosanquet, K., Chew-Graham, C., Ekers, D., Gascoyne, S., Hems, D., Holmes, J., Keding, A., McMillan, D., Meer, S., Mitchell, N., Nutbrown, S., Parrott, S., Richards, D., Traviss, G., Trépel, D., Woodhouse, R. & Gilbody, S. (2014). CASPER plus (CollAborative care in screen-positive EldeRs with major depressive disorder): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials. 15(1), 1

Furber,G., Jones, G.M., Healey, D., Bidargaddi, N. (2014). A Comparison Between Phone-Based Psychotherapy With and Without Text Messaging Support In Between Sessions for Crisis Patients. Journal of medical Internet research, 16(10), e219.


Jones, G.M., Furber,G., Moreau,M., Healey, D., Watson,J., Battersby,M. (2013) The IAPT@Flinders Service: adapting the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies model to the emergency department setting in Australia. Australasian Psychiatry, 22(3), 277-280.


Manea, L., Gilbody, S. & McMillan, (2012). Optimal cut-off score for diagnosing depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9): a meta-analysis. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 3(184), E191-E196.


Royal College of Psychiatrists (2011). National Audit of Psychological Therapies for Anxiety and Depression, National Report 2011.

Mitchell,N., Hewitt,C., Adamson,J., Parrott,S., Torgerson,D., Ekers,D., Holmes,J., Lester,H., McMillan,D., Richards,D., Spilsbury, K., Godfrey, C., Gilbody, S. (2011). A randomised evaluation of CollAborative care and active surveillance for Screen-Positive EldeRs with sub-threshold depression (CASPER): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 12(1), 1


McMillan, D., Gilbody, S., & Richards, D. (2010). Defining successful treatment outcome in depression using the PHQ-9: a comparison of methods. Journal of affective disorders, 127(1), 122-129.


Richards, D. A., & Suckling, R. (2009). Improving access to psychological therapies: Phase IV prospective cohort study. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 48(4), 377-396.

Richards, D. A., Hughes-Morley, A., Hayes, R. A., Araya, R., Barkham, M., Bland, J. M., ... & Gilbody, S. (2009). Collaborative Depression Trial (CADET): multi-centre randomised controlled trial of collaborative care for depression-study protocol. BMC health services research, 9(1), 1.

Papers that may be of interest

While not directly linked to the evolution of PCMIS, these research papers may be of interest to IAPT providers, or anyone interested in applied mental health research.


Delgadillo, J., Dawson, A., Gilbody, S., Bohnke, JR. (2017). The impact of long term medical conditions on the outcomes of psychological therapy for depression and anxiety. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 210, 47-53.


Hughes, L. S., Clark, J., Colclough, J. A., Dale, E., & McMillan, D. (2016). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for chronic pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Journal of Pain.

Delgadillo, J., Kellett, S., Ali, S., McMillan, D., Barkham, M., Saxon, D.,Donohue, G., Stonebank, H., Mullaney, S., Eschoe, P., Thwaites, R. & Lucock, M. (2016). A multi-service practice research network study of large group psychoeducational cognitive behavioural therapy. Behaviour Research and Therapy87, 155-161.

Delgadillo, J., Moreea, O. & Lutz, W. (2016). Different people respond differently to therapy: A demonstration using patient profiling and risk stratification. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 79, 15-22.

Manea, L., Gilbody, S., Hewitt, C., North, A., Plummer, F., Richardson, R., Thombs, B. D., Williams, B., & McMillan, D. (2016). Identifying depression with the PHQ-2: A diagnostic meta-analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders, 203, 382-395.

Plummer, F., Manea, L., Trepel, D., & McMillan, D. (2016). Screening for anxiety disorders with the GAD-7 and GAD-2: a systematic review and diagnostic meta-analysis. General Hospital Psychiatry, 39, 24-31.

Moriarty, A.R., Gilbody, S., McMillan, D., & Manea, L. (in press). Screening and case finding for major depressive disorder using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9): A meta-analysis. General Hospital Psychiatry, 37, 567-576.


Delgadillo J, Asaria M, Ali S & Gilbody S (2015). On poverty, politics and psychology: the socioeconomic gradient of mental healthcare utilisation and outcomes. The British Journal of Psychiatry, in press.

Delgadillo J, Moreea O, Murphy E, Ali S & Swift JK (2015). Can Low-Cost Strategies Improve Attendance Rates in Brief Psychological Therapy? Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(12), 1139-1152.

Delgadillo J, Gellatly J & Stephenson-Bellwood S (2015). Decision Making in Stepped Care: How Do Therapists Decide Whether to Prolong Treatment or Not? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 43(03), 328-341.

Manea, L., Gilbody, S., & McMillan, D. (2015). A diagnostic meta-analysis of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) algorithm scoring method as a screen for depression. General hospital Psychiatry, 37, 67-75.

The PCMIS Story

PCMIS was pioneered by the University of York's Mental Health Research Group that models, develops, measures and tests new ways of organising treatment for people with mental health problems.

Find Out More...

Rich Features

PCMIS is designed to suit your specific needs, be they extra datasets, customised reports, configured alerts and more. Its web-based platform allows us to modify and configure your system remotely.

Find Out More...

Excellent Support

Our service desk provides dedicated support by phone: 01904 321 322 and email. We provide flexible system training and documentation to end-users and frequently upgrade and improve PCMIS.

Find Out More...