Dr. (Mrs.) Esther Oluwafunmilayo MAKINDE
Commonwealth Postdoctoral Research Fellow



I am currently a Commonwealth Postdoctoral Fellow here in the University of York, UK. I am a Lecturer and researcher in the Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Faculty of Engineering, University of Lagos. I had my Ph.D. in Ecology and Environmental Science with expertise in Space Applications, Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System in 2013 and my M. Sc. in Environmental Control and Management in 2008, both from the Obafemi Awolowo University. My B. Sc. is in Geography in 2004 from the University of Jos. I trained in the United Nations’ African Regional Centre for Space Science Education-English (ARCSSTEE) in Remote Sensing and GIS Operations in 2008. And also in the Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente, Netherlands in Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing in 2012

I have received some Awards and a member of some professional bodies that include: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society, Asia-Pacific Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering Society (APCBEES) Senior Member, African Association of Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE), American Geophysical Union (AGU), Nigeria Association of University Women (NAUW).

I have been involved in a number of projects at regional, national and local levels; some of which includes: USGS, CLISS, AGRHYMET Regional Centre Project on Mapping Land Use Land Cover and Best Practices for the West Africa Region, (2011-2016); Facilitator/Trainer, African Monitoring for Sustainable Development (AMESD) in the ECOWAS region, African Union Commission, ECOWAS and AGRHYMET Regional Centre Project, (2010-2012); Edo State Project for DSI Integrated Service Ltd. on  Needs Assessment and GAP Analysis of Master Plan-Plan-Based Project in the Niger  Delta Region. Client: Niger Delta Development Commission, NDDC. (2010); Co-Consultant on Environmental Impact Assessment for Various Projects with some oil companies, in BFM Consult, Lagos State (2006-2009) to mention a few.

I am currently a Regional Member, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing’s IC WG IV/III: Global mapping: updating, verification and interoperability, Germany.  


Senior Lecturer (October, 2017) University of Lagos
Lecturer I (June, 2014 - September, 2017) University of Lagos
Research Fellow I/Lecturer I (May, 2013- June, 2014) Obafemi Awolowo University
Research Fellow II (October, 2012 – May, 2013) Obafemi Awolowo University
Junior Research Fellow (April, 2009 – October, 2012) Obafemi Awolowo University



My teaching and research interests focus on the geospatial analysis of ecology and environment, remote sensing and geographical information system applications, environmental impact of oil spill on the ecosystem, Land use Land cover disturbances and dynamics, ecology and environmental monitoring and management; and currently integrating climate models.

Research group(s)

York Institute for Tropical Ecosystems (KITE)


Full publications list


(i) CILSS (2016) Landscapes of West Africa – A Window on a Changing World. U.S. Geological Survey EROS, 47914 252nd St, Garretson, SD 57030, UNITED STATES.


(i)  Esther Oluwafunmilayo Makinde (2017) The Influence of Oil Spill on the Spectral Reflectance of Vegetation. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN-978-3-330-04002-1, GERMANY.

(ii)   Esther Oluwafunmilayo Omodanisi-Makinde (2015) Geospatial Assessment of the Effect of Oil Spill on Vegetation. Paperback Book. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN-10: 3659678996, ISBN-13: 978-3659678998. GERMANY.


(iii) Makinde, E. O. (2015) Sustainable Forest Management in Nigeria: The Geospatial Approach. In: Frontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century, National Colloquium, Eds. Gbadegesin, A.S., Eze, E.B., Orimoogunje, O.O.I., Fashae, O.A. (Ibadan, Nigeria: Ibadan University Press), 383-395. ISBN: 978-978-8456-92-6.

(iv)  Omodanisi, E.O. and Salami, A.T., (2011) ‘Natural Disaster: How Prepared is Nigeria?’, In: Environmental Research and Challenges of Sustainable Development in Nigeria, National Colloquium, Eds. Salami,  A. T. and Orimoogunje, O.O.I. Obafemi Awolowo University Press, Ile-Ife, NIGERIA, 659-679. ISBN No: 978 136 1883. 


(v) Makinde, E. O., Womiloju, A. A.  Ogundeko, M. O. (2017) The geospatial modelling of  carbon             sequestration in Oluwa Forest, Ondo State, Nigeria, European Journal of  Remote Sensing, 50:1,             397-413, DOI: 10.1080/22797254.2017.1341819

(vi) Makinde, E.O., and Tologbonse A.S. (2017) ‘Oil Spill Assessment In Ijeododo Area of Lagos             State, Nigeria Using Geospatial Techniques’. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & management 10(4): 427 – 442, 2017. ISSN:1998-0507 doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ejesm.v10i4.1

(vii) Makinde, E. O., Ogundeko, M. O., Womiloju, A. A.  (2017) ‘Geospatial Assessment of Carbon Sequestration in Oluwa Forest, South-West Nigeria’. Nigeria Journal of Environmental Sciences and Technology (NIJEST). Vol. 1, pp. 188-202. Faculty of Environmental Science, University of Benin. www.nijest.com

(viii) Makinde, E. O., Salami, A. T., Olaleye, J. B. and Okewusi, O. C. (2016) ‘Object Based and Pixel Based Classification Using RapidEye Satellite Imagery of ETI-OSA, Lagos, Nigeria’. Geoinformatics FCE CTU, 15(2), 59. doi:10.14311/gi.15.2.5

(ix) Makinde, E. O., Badejo, O.T. and Osifeso, M. I. (2016) ‘Investigating Vegetation Changes in Ikorodu, Lagos State using Multi-Temporal Satellite Images’. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Studies (IJEES), Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. Nigeria. Vol. 3 (2). ISSN: 2465-6852

(x) Makinde E. O., (2015) ‘Spectral Indices for Detecting Change Trend in Vegetation affected by Hydrocarbon Spillage’. International Proceedings of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (IPCBEE), Singapore. DOI: 10.7763/IPCBEE, SINGAPORE, Vol. 83 (16), 97-102. Indexed Platform: Google Scholar, Ei Geobase (Elsevier),WorldCat.   

(xi) Omodanisi, E.O., Eludoyin, A.O., and Salami, A.T. (2015) ‘Ecological effects and perceptions of victims of pipeline explosion in a developing country’. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. Springer. Vol. 12, No. 5. DOI 10.1007/s13762-014-0569-0. ISSN 1735-1472.

(xii) Makinde, E.O., (2014) ‘The Perception of Communities Prone to Environmental Degradation’. 2nd Africa Regional Conference Technical Proceedings. Organization for Women in Science for the Developing World (OWSD)Organized under the Auspices of: University of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR), Sunyani, GHANA. 756-766.

(xiii) Omodanisi, E.O. and Salami, A.T. (2014) ‘An Assessment of the Spectra Characteristics of Vegetation in South Western Nigeria’. IERI Procedia, Elsevier, USA, 9 (2014) 26 – 32.

(xiv)  Omodanisi, E.O., Eludoyin, A.O., and Salami, A.T. (2013) ‘A Multi-Perspective View of the Effects of a Pipeline Explosion in Nigeria’. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (IJDRR), Elsevier. 7 (2014) 68–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2013.11.002, ISSN 2212-4209.

(xv) Omodanisi, E.O. (2013) ‘Resultant Land Use and Land Cover Change from Oil Spillage using Remote Sensing and GIS’. Research Journal of Applied Sciences,        Engineering  and Technology (RJASET), Indexed platform: DOAJ.  6(11):2032-2040. ISSN:       2040-7459;e-ISSN: 2040-7467

(xvi) Makinde, E. O. and Salami A. T. (2013) ‘Remote Sensing of Vegetation Stress and Indicators’. Proceedings of Global Geospatial Conference 2013. Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA, 4-8 November 2013

(xvii)  Omodanisi, E.O., Salami, A.T. and Oke, S. O., (2011) ‘The Effect of Oil Pipeline Vandalization on the Mangrove Vegetation: A case study’. International Journal of Ecology Development (IJED), CESER. Indexed platform: Scopus (Elsevier Bibliographic Databases); International Statistical Institute (ISI, Netherlands) Journal Index. Vol. 19, No.S11, 76-85. ISSN No: 0972 9984

(xviii) Omodanisi, E.O., Eludoyin, A.O., and Salami, A.T. (2010) ‘Protecting Oil Pipeline Corridor and Associated Disasters in Nigeria: the Geoinformation Challenge’, Process and Plant Engineering, Special Focus on Environmental Management. Shanvik Publications.  Vol. XXVIII, No. 2. Ltd, ISSN No: 0970 1729, 26-32

(xix) Omodanisi, E.O. and Salami, A.T., (2010) ‘The Remote Sensing of Biodiversity’, In: Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Conference of the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Ile-Ife, OAU, Ofoezie et al., (eds.) “Many Species One Planet One Future” ISBN No: 978-8139-620, (3), 115-119.

(xx)     Omodanisi, E.O. and Salami, A.T., (2009) ‘Remote Sensing, A Vital Tool in Monitoring Climate Change’, In: Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Conference          of the Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Ile-Ife, OAU, Salami et al., (eds.) “Your planet needs         you! Unite to combat climate change” 2, 45-50.

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Contact details

Dr Esther Makinde
Commonwealth Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Department of Environment and Geography
University of York
YO10 5NG

Tel: +44 (0)1904 324226