How may citizenship education be assessed?

Supervisor: Professor Ian Davies

A) Rationale for the project

What sorts of knowledge, skills and, possibly, dispositions are targeted by teachers and students? What are the ways in which those things may be assessed? In this project a variety of student work (written and in other forms) will be examined in order to explore the ways in which students are deemed to have made (or not made) progress.

B) References that should be read (if you do not have access to these, please email

Assessing Citizenship (see

Black, P. and Wiliam, D. (1998). Inside the Black Box. (see

Prowse, A. and Forsyth (2018). Global citizenship education – assessing the unassessable? Pp. 607-624, Davies, I., Peterson, A., Peck, C., Sant, E., Waghid, Y., Ho, L. C., & Kiwan, D. (2018). The Palgrave Handbook of Global Citizenship and Education. Palgrave Macmillan.

C) Research aims / questions

  • What is assessment?
  • What techniques are used to assess students’ progress in citizenship education?

D) Methods

A sample of teachers and students will provide data.